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It was most influential among Czech liberals around the middle of the 19th century. First proposed by Karel Havlíček Borovský in 1846, as an opposition to the concept of pan-Slavism, it was further developed into a complete political program by Czech politician František Palacký.  Austroslavism also found some support in other Slavic nations in the Austrian Empire, especially the Slovenes and Croats.
Austroslavism envisioned peaceful cooperation of the smaller Slavic nations of Central Europe within the Habsburg Monarchy not dominated by German-speaking elites. Palacký proposed a federation of 8 national regions, with significant self-governance. After the suppression of the Czech revolution in Prague in June 1848, the program became irrelevant.  The Austrian Empire transformed into Austria-Hungary (1867), honouring Hungarian, but not Slavic demands as part of the Ausgleich. This further weakened the position of Austroslavism.
As a political concept, Austroslavism persisted until the fall of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire in 1918. It was exhibited in several proposals, lacking in influence, to federalise Austria-Hungary, for example that of Aurel Popovici (see United States of Greater Austria).
Prominent supporters of Austroslavism
- Janez Bleiweis
- Karel Havlíček Borovský
- Jernej Kopitar
- Anton Tomaž Linhart
- Fran Miklošič
- František Palacký
- Paweł Stalmach
- Josip Juraj Strossmayer
- Magcosi, Robert; Pop, Ivan, eds. (2005), "Austro-Slavism", Encylopedia of Rusyn History and Culture, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, p. 21
- Austromarxism and national personal autonomy
- Olomouc University in the year of revolutions
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