Austryn Wainhouse (born 1926) is an American translator, primarily of French works and notably of Marquis de Sade, sometimes using pseudonym Pieralessandro Casavini.
As a graduate of Harvard University and prior to completing his graduate program at the University of Iowa, Austryn Wainhouse traveled around Europe before settling in Paris where he began working for Maurice Girodias at Olympia Press, and later as an editor of Merlin. His first wife Mary, also known as Muffy or Muffie, also worked for Girodias, and later came to be living with him.
He produced the first unexpurgated English translation of Justine for Olympia Press in 1953. Two years later, Wainhouse returned to the United States. Wainhouse later revised his translation of Justine for Olympia Press in 1953.
In 1955, the controversial, erotic French novel, Histoire d'O or The Story of O by Pauline Reage (a pseudonym for Dominique Aury), won the prestigious Prix des Deux Magots award for unconventional books. Wainhouse was hired to provide a second translation. In order to thwart the censors and protect the author and translator, Maurice Girodias, the publisher, changed the title to The Wisdom of the Lash.
|“||.. a dis-enchanted Exeter-Harvard man who wrote a strong, esoteric novel, Hedyphagetica, and who, after several years in France, is now living in Martha's Vineyard building furniture according to the methods of the eighteenth century.||”|
Wainhouse and his wife, Deborah, have lived in the south of France since 2001.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- 1953: Marquis de Sade's Justine OCLC 6675617, reprinted in 1963 as # 67 in Traveller's Companion series.
- 1955: Georges Bataille's Lascaux; or, the Birth of Art, the Prehistoric Paintings and Manet, co-translator James Emmons
- 1958: Simone de Beauvoir's The Long March
- 1968: Marquis de Sade's Juliette (1797)
- 1971: Jacques Monod's Chance and Necessity, New York: Vintage, 1971
- 1989: Georges Bataille's My Mother, Madame Edwarda, & The Dead Man, with essays by Yukio Mishima and Ken Hollings - Marion Boyars Publishers.
- 1996: Aleksandra Kroh's Lucien's Story OCLC 34885928
- 2002: Pierre Klossowski's Roberte ce Soir and Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, with introduction by Micheal Perkins, published by Dalkey Archive Press
- Nile Southern (2004). The Candy Men: The Rollicking Life and Times of the Notorious Novel. New York: Arcade Pub. pp. 11, 19–20. ISBN 1-55970-604-X.
- "Baird Bryant".
- "Publish and be damned". The Irish Times. November 17, 2001.
- Patrick J. Kearney (October 2005). "Maurice Girodias, Fandom, and Me". E*I*22 4 (5).
- "PARADISO: Paris: May 1952".
- John J. St Jorre. The Good Ship Venus: The Erotic Voyage of the Olympia Press. pp. 218 - 220. Random House (UK). 1994
- Gay Talese (1960). "Looking For Hemingway". Esquire.
- "National Book Awards – 1972". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
There was a "Translation" award from 1967 to 1983.
- Henry Raymont (April 12, 1972). "Book Award to Flannery O'Connor". New York Times.
- Georges Hyvernaud (1997). The Cattle Car: Including, Letter to a Little Girl. pp. back cover. ISBN 978-0-8101-6031-6.
- Wainhouse, Austryn. "Austryn and Deborah Wainhouse". pariswritersgroup.net. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
- Evergreen Review Vol. 10 No. 42 August 1966
- Evergreen Review: Letter to the Editor, by Maurice Girodias
- D.A.F. Marquis de Sade ; (2005). Justine; Or Good Conduct Well-chastised. S.l.: Olympia Press. p. 2. ISBN 1-59654-176-8.
- Aline B. Saarinen (December 4, 1955). "MANET. Biographical and Critical Study by Georges Bataille". New York Times.
- Richard Hughes (May 18, 1958). "THE LONG MARCH. By Simone de Beauvoir". New York Times.
- W. H. Gass (September 22, 1968). "Written With a Hose; Written With a Hose". New York Times.
- Richard Burgin (March 9, 1997). "Lucien's story". New York Times Book Review 102 (10).
- The Marquis de Sade in English 1950 - 1959
- Austryn Wainhouse at Library of Congress Authorities—with 8 catalog records