Discovered in 1972, they were originally thought to be a biological curiosity, but are now assumed to serve some purpose, (though their general function remains unknown) as they have been found to be common in some circuits of the visual cortex.
- Van der Loos, H.; Glaser, E. M. (1972). "Autapses in neocortex cerebri: synapses between a pyramidal cell's axon and its own dendrites". Brain research 48: 355–60. PMID 4645210. (subscription required (. ))
- Bekkers, J. M. (1998). "Neurophysiology: Are autapses prodigal synapses?". Curr Biol 8 (2): R52–R55. PMID 9427636. (subscription required (. ))
- Tamás, G.; Buhl, E. H.; Somogyi, P. (1997). "Massive autaptic self-innervation of GABAergic neurons in cat visual cortex". J Neurosci 17 (16): 6352–6364. PMID 9236244. (free full text)
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