Auterrive

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Auterrive
A solar clock face at Auterrive
A solar clock face at Auterrive
Coat of arms of Auterrive
Coat of arms
Auterrive is located in France
Auterrive
Auterrive
Coordinates: 43°28′02″N 0°59′51″W / 43.4672°N 0.9975°W / 43.4672; -0.9975Coordinates: 43°28′02″N 0°59′51″W / 43.4672°N 0.9975°W / 43.4672; -0.9975
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Salies-de-Béarn
Intercommunality Salies-de-Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Philippe Labache
Area1 3.08 km2 (1.19 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 123
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64082 / 64270
Elevation 16–35 m (52–115 ft)
(avg. 22 m or 72 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Auterrive is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Auterriverains or Auterriveraines.[1]

Geography[edit]

Auterrive is located some 14 km south-east of Peyrehorade and 7 km west of Salies-de-Béarn. Access to the commune is by the D29 road from Carresse-Cassaber in the north which passes just west of the village and continues south-west to Labastide-Villefranche. Access to the village is by local roads connecting to the D29. The D28 road goes south from Saint-Dos through the west of the commune and continues to Escos in the south. The D277 goes from the D29 just west to the village west to Saint-Dos. Apart from forest along the river bank and some small forests in the west of the commune the land is all farmland.[2]

Auterrive is a Gascon village, which fully depended on Dax and is nowhere mentioned as Bearnais. Paul Raymond reported a record from 1675 when the village was referred to as Autarrive en France. Pierre-Tucoo Chala indicated a peculiarity concerning Carresse-Cassaber: the Auterrive bridge is not on the border but Gascony had a bridgehead on the right bank of the Gave d'Oloron on what is now the territory of the Béarnais village of Carresse. This area did not touch the river at the bridge and purists could say that the béarnais commune of today has incorporated a few hectares of Gascon land.

The commune is in the drainage basin of the Adour. The area east of the village is an island enclosed by a loop of the Gave d'Oloron and a stream which crosses the loop (although the Gave d'Oloron is not the border of the commune).[2]

Places and hamlets[3][edit]

  • Boucau
  • Le Désert
  • Dumirail[4]
  • Durancou
  • Labarthe
  • Lahosse
  • Larribère (Mill)
  • Maysonnave
  • Minoterie
  • Noutary
  • Terrenabe

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Autarriba. For Michel Grosclaude the origin of the name is unquestionably Gascon, auta arriba from the Latin alta ripa meaning "high river".[5]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Auterrive Autarribe 13th century Raymond
17
Bayonne Village
Autaribe 1360 Raymond
17
Came
Sent-Miqueu d'Autarribe 1442 Raymond
17
Notaries
Autarrive en France 1675 Raymond
17
Reformation
Hauterive 1750 Cassini
Dumirail Dumirail 1863 Raymond
57
Hamlet and Lake

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 17 of his 1863 dictionary that Auterrive depended on the sub-delegation of Dax.[4]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Auterrive
Auterrive depicts a Jay in the arms to symbolize the defensive site of Barry. The Jay is reputed to give an alarm when an intruder enters a wood.

Blazon:
Quarterly, at 1 and 4 Gules, a Jay in flight of Argent; at 2 and 3 Argent, a lion of Gules.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[11]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Josette de Caumia-Baillenx
2014 2020 Philippe Labache

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of seven inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Salies-de-Béarn;
  • the SIGOM;
  • the SIVU of five villages;
  • the SIVU for educational regrouping of Léren, Saint-Pé-de-Léren, Saint-Dos et Auterrive;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the management of drinking water from the Saleys and its gaves;
  • the inter-communal association for gaves and the Saleys;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 123 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
245 255 287 298 300 301 287 313 345
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
320 311 302 309 289 284 281 253 265
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
240 230 248 200 202 205 212 226 201
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
195 195 163 151 146 137 128 123 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Auterrive

Economy[edit]

The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Auterrive church

Civil heritage[edit]

  • At the foot of the Gave there is the Barry fortress which was an observation and border post between Navarre, Béarn, and Gascony. This small enclosure had a garrison of three soldiers until 1682. The currently existing ruins, although based on much older foundations, seem to date back to the Hundred Years War when Auterrive was occupied by the English and attached to the Seneschal of Hastings.
  • The Maisonnabe House in the Mirails district dates to 1661;
  • The Pouey House is an old manor house of justice
  • The Hau House is a former dependency of the Abbey of Sorde.

There is a small enamelled plate which says "June 1875" that recalls the flood which swept away the village bridge killing two people in that year.

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Church dates from the 16th century.
  • There are several Calvaries including a cross of Saint-Michel which formerly marked the boundaries of the Abbey of Sorde.
  • There was a Chapel in the Mirails district which was recently destroyed.

Environmental heritage[edit]

  • Lake Dumirail is south-west of the commune.[2]

Amenities[edit]

There is a holiday and leisure centre at Auterrive (Les Francas).

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • The Marquise de Montehermoso (1784 to 1869), born Countess Maria-Pilar d'Acedo, Countess of Echauz, widow of the Marquis of the same name and mistress of Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, married in the village to Amédée of Carabène, the holder of numerous French and foreign decorations, future general counsel and senior officer of the Napoleonic campaigns. She was also the owner of Barry, the fortified site in the village.[12]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Alexis Ichas, History of Auterrive - Vols. I & II, Éditions Atlantica (French)
  • Alexis Ichas, History of gaves, Éditions Atlantica (French)
  • Alexis Ichas, Béarnais Chronicles of gave and the Saleys, Éditions Atlantica, 2006 (French)

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c d Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  5. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  6. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Asson
  7. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  8. ^ Titles of Came in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  9. ^ Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  12. ^ Alexis Ichas, Madame de Montehermoso, Atlantica-Séguier, 2001, ISBN 978-2843943898 (French)