Authon-Ébéon

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Authon-Ébéon
Authon village
Authon village
Authon-Ébéon is located in France
Authon-Ébéon
Authon-Ébéon
Coordinates: 45°50′13″N 0°24′26″W / 45.8369°N 0.4072°W / 45.8369; -0.4072Coordinates: 45°50′13″N 0°24′26″W / 45.8369°N 0.4072°W / 45.8369; -0.4072
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement Saint-Jean-d'Angély
Canton Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche
Intercommunality Canton de Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Claude Boulétreau
Area
 • Land1 11.65 km2 (4.50 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 390
 • Population2 density 33/km2 (87/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17026 / 17770
Elevation 16–36 m (52–118 ft)
(avg. 30 m or 98 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Authon-Ébéon is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Poitou-Charentes region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Authonais or Authonaises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Authon-Ébéon is located in the north-east of the department of Charente-Maritime some 25 km north-east of Saintes and 20 km south-east of Saint-Jean-d'Angély and is in the former province of Saintonge. The village is at the crossroads of the D120 from Sainte-Même in the north to Migron in the south and the D134 from Brizambourg in the west to Courcerac in the east. The D129 also forms the north-western border of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Bargagne in the south and Ebeon in the north. The commune is mostly farmland with some small scattered forests.[2]

Geology and terrain[edit]

Geologically the commune is on a limestone plateau from the Tithonian period (formerly called the Portlandian).

The commune vineyards are located in the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) cognac zone for Cru des Fins Bois.

Hydrography[edit]

The Dandelot at Authon

Authon-Ébéon is in the Drainage basin of the Charente. Authon is crossed by the Dandelot which feeds the castle moat. It joins the Antenne, a tributary of the Charente, just downstream of Cognac.

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Ébéon was along the Saintes-Aulnay-Poitiers Roman road, along which is the "Ébéon beacon" (also called the Pyramid).

Authon was the seat of a fief held by the Authon family from 1130 to 1450. The Motte-and-bailey castle was 100 metres from the present castle.[3]

Seguin d'Authon, a vassal of the Counts of Taillebourg, was a Crusader in 1130 and Roland d'Authon was a companion of Saint Louis in the Holy Land. Seguin, who died in 1395, was Archbishop of Tours.

Jean d'Authon (1467-1527) was chaplain and official historian for King Louis XII. Antoine (1466-1546) was a corsair. In the early 17th century the barons of Authon were hereditary seneschals of Saintonge.

In 1627 Jean d'Authon was killed in a duel and his widow Judith de Nosan sold the barony and the land at Ébéon that was attached to it. It was redeemed by her mother who bequeathed it to her grand-son.[3]

In 1651, during the Fronde, Condé took the castle and imprisoned Jean-Seguin d'Authon.[4]

The state of the parishes of 1686 show that the parish of Authon had the Baron of Authon as lord and the parish of Esbuon had 25 fires and Mr. Naussay as lord. The land in the two parishes was difficult and produced two-thirds cereals and one third wine.

In 1791 Authon was looted and burned and the north wing of the castle disappeared.[3]

The communes of Authon and Ébéon were created in 1793 in the department of Lower Charente which became Charente-Maritime in 1941. They were part of the district of Saint-Jean-d'Angély then in its arrondissement in 1801, then passed to Saintes arrondissement in 1926 before returning to that of Saint-Jean-d'Angély in 1943. After having been part of the Canton of Brisambourg in 1793, it joined the Caton of Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche in 1801.

By a decree dated 12 December 1972 with effect from 1 January 1973, Ebéon joined Authon to form the commune Authon-Ébéon.

Administration[edit]

The Town Hall
The Village Square

List of Successive Mayors[5]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 Claude Boulétreau

(Not all data is known)

Together with nine other communes the commune is part of the Canton of Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche and with the commune of Écoyeux belongs to the Community of communes of the Canton of Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche.

Taxation[edit]

Taxation is at a rate of 11.97% for housing tax, 16.63% for developed land, 54.30% for undeveloped, and 15% for business tax plus the community of communes fee on all four taxes, respectively 2.50%, 4.57%, 10.99% and 3.24% gives the total, before adding for the department and the region, of 14.47% for housing, 21.20% for developed land, 65.29% for undeveloped land, and 18.24% business tax (2007 figures).

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 390 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
867 959 965 835 983 972 883 926 971
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
901 908 901 831 766 788 787 767 809
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
772 751 656 579 583 545 512 481 556
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
538 526 477 512 460 407 - 390 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Authon-Ébéon

N.B. Prior to 1975 the table shows the total populations for the two communes.

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The population of the town is relatively old. The ratio of persons above the age of 60 years (34.2%) is higher than the national average (21.6%) and the departmental average (28.1%). Unlike national and departmental allocations, the male population of the town is greater than the female population (51.8% against 48.4% nationally and 48.2% at the departmental level).

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Authon-Ébéon and Charente-Maritime Department in 2010

Authon-Ébéon Authon-Ébéon Charente-M Charente-M
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 16.5 12.4 17.2 15.1
15 to 29 Years 12.0 16.1 16.4 14.3
30 to 44 Years 17.5 14.0 18.4 17.7
45 to 59 Years 20.5 22.6 20.8 20.6
60 to 74 Years 22.5 21.5 17.6 18.2
75 to 89 Years 10.5 13.4 9.1 12.5
90 Years+ 0.5 0.0 0.6 1.6

Sources:

Economy[edit]

A trade in brooms existed in the 19th century.

Currently the economy is primarily agricultural with grapes, plant nurseries, organic crops, and cattle pastures.

The monthly fair is on the third Monday in the month.

The commune has 145 employable people with an unemployment rate of 12.7%.

Of the 145 employable people, 81 are men and 64 are women of which 98 are employees and 47 are not.[6]

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The Pyramid or Ébéon beacon
The Chateau of Authon

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Pyramid (Gallo-roman)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7] The "beacon" of Ebéon is called the "Pyramid" and is a Gallo-Roman remains at a place called "Bois-Charmand". This beacon or tomb still forms a masonry block 16 metres high and 6 metres in diameter. According to a local legend it was the work of fairies: three "ladies" who built it overnight. They used an enchanted hammer that they bounced back and forth to each other through the air. It hit the youngest in the forehead and she was killed. There is also another well-preserved tower or stack near Saujon: the Tour de Pirelongue.
  • The Chateau of Authon.Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8] The chateau is moated with the moat fed by the Dandelot. It is a construction from the 16th century which was largely redesigned in the following centuries. The guard tower and the front door of the castle date back to 1580 and the angled wing with mullioned windows dates to 1606.
  • The Chateau Park.Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9] The park is surrounded by water and is registered as an outstanding gardens. There is also a medieval garden.
Other sites of interest are

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has one religious building that is registered as an historical monument:

  • The Church of Notre-Dame (12th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10] The Church of Notre-Dame is a fortified church with a curtain wall, a walkway, slots, a bell tower, and a gatehouse. Its construction was carried out in two stages: first in the 12th century then in the 15th century when it was fortified. The facade has two serrated platforms on its angled buttresses connected by a passageway with cruciform notches for archers. The Chevet also has a crenellated roof.[11] The church also has murals from the 19th century.
  • The Church of Ebéon is a recent church with a gabled facade.

Facilities[edit]

The primary school is in the church square at Authon.

There is a post office at Rue de la Poste in Authon.

The closest doctors and nurses are at Matha. Clinics and hospitals are at Cognac, Saint-Jean-d'Angély, and Saintes.

Local life[edit]

The harvest festival is held on the last Sunday of October.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Jehan d'Authon, chaplain and official historian for King Louis XII.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Charente-Maritime (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ a b c Frédéric Chassebœuf, Châteaux, manors and lodgings: Charente-Maritime, Vol. 2, éditions Patrimoine et Médias, 2008, 795 p. (ISBN 978-2-916757-27-8) (French)
  4. ^ Sources: D’Hozier and the archives of the commune of Authon-Ébéon (French)
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  6. ^ Authon-Ébéon on the INSEE website
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104608 Pyramid (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104607 Chateau of Authon (French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA17008839 Chateau Park (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104606 Church of Notre-Dame (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Gothic architecture in Saintonge and Aunis, Yves Blomme, éditions Bordessoules, ISBN 2-903504-33-4 (French)