|Intercommunality||Canton de Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche|
|• Mayor (2001–2020)||Claude Boulétreau|
|• Land1||11.65 km2 (4.50 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||33/km2 (87/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||17026 / 17770|
|Elevation||16–36 m (52–118 ft)
(avg. 30 m or 98 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Authonais or Authonaises.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Administration
- 4 Demography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture and heritage
- 7 Facilities
- 8 Notable people linked to the commune
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes and references
Authon-Ébéon is located in the north-east of the department of Charente-Maritime some 25 km north-east of Saintes and 20 km south-east of Saint-Jean-d'Angély and is in the former province of Saintonge. The village is at the crossroads of the D120 from Sainte-Même in the north to Migron in the south and the D134 from Brizambourg in the west to Courcerac in the east. The D129 also forms the north-western border of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Bargagne in the south and Ebeon in the north. The commune is mostly farmland with some small scattered forests.
Geology and terrain
Ébéon was along the Saintes-Aulnay-Poitiers Roman road, along which is the "Ébéon beacon" (also called the Pyramid).
Jean d'Authon (1467-1527) was chaplain and official historian for King Louis XII. Antoine (1466-1546) was a corsair. In the early 17th century the barons of Authon were hereditary seneschals of Saintonge.
In 1627 Jean d'Authon was killed in a duel and his widow Judith de Nosan sold the barony and the land at Ébéon that was attached to it. It was redeemed by her mother who bequeathed it to her grand-son.
The state of the parishes of 1686 show that the parish of Authon had the Baron of Authon as lord and the parish of Esbuon had 25 fires and Mr. Naussay as lord. The land in the two parishes was difficult and produced two-thirds cereals and one third wine.
In 1791 Authon was looted and burned and the north wing of the castle disappeared.
The communes of Authon and Ébéon were created in 1793 in the department of Lower Charente which became Charente-Maritime in 1941. They were part of the district of Saint-Jean-d'Angély then in its arrondissement in 1801, then passed to Saintes arrondissement in 1926 before returning to that of Saint-Jean-d'Angély in 1943. After having been part of the Canton of Brisambourg in 1793, it joined the Caton of Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche in 1801.
By a decree dated 12 December 1972 with effect from 1 January 1973, Ebéon joined Authon to form the commune Authon-Ébéon.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
Together with nine other communes the commune is part of the Canton of Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche and with the commune of Écoyeux belongs to the Community of communes of the Canton of Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche.
Taxation is at a rate of 11.97% for housing tax, 16.63% for developed land, 54.30% for undeveloped, and 15% for business tax plus the community of communes fee on all four taxes, respectively 2.50%, 4.57%, 10.99% and 3.24% gives the total, before adding for the department and the region, of 14.47% for housing, 21.20% for developed land, 65.29% for undeveloped land, and 18.24% business tax (2007 figures).
In 2010 the commune had 390 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
N.B. Prior to 1975 the table shows the total populations for the two communes.
Distribution of Age Groups
The population of the town is relatively old. The ratio of persons above the age of 60 years (34.2%) is higher than the national average (21.6%) and the departmental average (28.1%). Unlike national and departmental allocations, the male population of the town is greater than the female population (51.8% against 48.4% nationally and 48.2% at the departmental level).
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Authon-Ébéon and Charente-Maritime Department in 2010
|0 to 14 Years||16.5||12.4||17.2||15.1|
|15 to 29 Years||12.0||16.1||16.4||14.3|
|30 to 44 Years||17.5||14.0||18.4||17.7|
|45 to 59 Years||20.5||22.6||20.8||20.6|
|60 to 74 Years||22.5||21.5||17.6||18.2|
|75 to 89 Years||10.5||13.4||9.1||12.5|
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2010, INSEE.
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2010, INSEE.
A trade in brooms existed in the 19th century.
Currently the economy is primarily agricultural with grapes, plant nurseries, organic crops, and cattle pastures.
The monthly fair is on the third Monday in the month.
The commune has 145 employable people with an unemployment rate of 12.7%.
Of the 145 employable people, 81 are men and 64 are women of which 98 are employees and 47 are not.
Culture and heritage
The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
- The Pyramid (Gallo-roman) The "beacon" of Ebéon is called the "Pyramid" and is a Gallo-Roman remains at a place called "Bois-Charmand". This beacon or tomb still forms a masonry block 16 metres high and 6 metres in diameter. According to a local legend it was the work of fairies: three "ladies" who built it overnight. They used an enchanted hammer that they bounced back and forth to each other through the air. It hit the youngest in the forehead and she was killed. There is also another well-preserved tower or stack near Saujon: the Tour de Pirelongue.
- The Chateau of Authon. The chateau is moated with the moat fed by the Dandelot. It is a construction from the 16th century which was largely redesigned in the following centuries. The guard tower and the front door of the castle date back to 1580 and the angled wing with mullioned windows dates to 1606.
- The Chateau Park. The park is surrounded by water and is registered as an outstanding gardens. There is also a medieval garden.
- Other sites of interest are
- Traces of the Roman road from Saintes-Aulnay-Poitiers.
- Remains of Merovingian cemeteries.
- Vestiges of a feudal Motte-and-bailey castle.
- The Mill located downstream of Guignebourg.
The commune has one religious building that is registered as an historical monument:
- The Church of Notre-Dame (12th century). The Church of Notre-Dame is a fortified church with a curtain wall, a walkway, slots, a bell tower, and a gatehouse. Its construction was carried out in two stages: first in the 12th century then in the 15th century when it was fortified. The facade has two serrated platforms on its angled buttresses connected by a passageway with cruciform notches for archers. The Chevet also has a crenellated roof. The church also has murals from the 19th century.
- The Church of Ebéon is a recent church with a gabled facade.
The primary school is in the church square at Authon.
There is a post office at Rue de la Poste in Authon.
The harvest festival is held on the last Sunday of October.
- Jehan d'Authon, chaplain and official historian for King Louis XII.
- Authon-Ébéon on the old IGN website (French)
- Authon-Ébéon on Lion1906
- Authon-Ébéon on Google Maps
- Authon-Ébéon on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Authon and Ebeon on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Authon-Ébéon on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Charente-Maritime (French)
- Google Maps
- Frédéric Chassebœuf, Châteaux, manors and lodgings: Charente-Maritime, Vol. 2, éditions Patrimoine et Médias, 2008, 795 p. (ISBN 978-2-916757-27-8) (French)
- Sources: D’Hozier and the archives of the commune of Authon-Ébéon (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Authon-Ébéon on the INSEE website
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104608 Pyramid (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104607 Chateau of Authon (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA17008839 Chateau Park (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104606 Church of Notre-Dame (French)
- Gothic architecture in Saintonge and Aunis, Yves Blomme, éditions Bordessoules, ISBN 2-903504-33-4 (French)
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