Auto transport broker

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An auto transport broker is a type of cargo broker that specializes in the shipping and transportation of vehicles. Most vehicles shipped in the U.S. are cars and trucks, but many brokers handle boats, RVs, motorcycles and other types of vehicles as well. Auto transport is classified as "specialized freight trucking" under NAICS code 484230.

How Brokers Work[edit]

An auto transport broker is part of the personal vehicle freight business industry chain. The individual or business that needs to move a car or other vehicle is the shipper; the shipper contacts a broker, who issues a price quote to the shipper, then finds a carrier, which is the individual or company that actually employs drivers and operates the car transport equipment.

Brokers are employed because they have access to freight load boards, where they can post the job and find carriers that have transportation resources in the area. They can also get lower shipping prices by getting competing bids by different carriers. However, brokers and carriers are not always separate entities - a number of auto transport companies handle both brokerage and transport.[1]


The Department of Transportation keeps statistics on cargo shipments, showing over $651 billion worth of motorized and other vehicles (including parts) moved by truck in 2007. Of that number, $452bn of cargo was moved via for-hire truck.[2] Official statistics about the size of the secondary auto transport market, number of commercial-size car carrier vehicles on the road and number of vehicles shipped aren't kept by the DOT.

With the advent of the Internet, the auto transport industry has seen an influx of new brokers, attracted by the low cost of starting a brokerage business online. While this encouraged greater competition and lower costs in the industry, government agencies have also seen a "dramatic increase in complaints against auto transporters and auto transport brokers" due to Internet fraud.[3]

Licensing requirements[edit]

Auto transport brokers are subject to government licensing. The candidate must obtain an Operating Authority number from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration by filling out a form on the FMCSA website.[4][5] There is a small application processing fee.

Brokers are also required to obtain a bond. The bond exists to cover losses by the motor carrier, in case the broker commits fraud or other lapses. Prior to 2012, the minimum bond was $10,000, although many brokers chose to obtain higher amounts.

2012 regulations[edit]

The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act,[6] signed by President Obama on July 6 of 2012, introduced a number of new regulations for auto transport brokers. The chief among them is raising the minimum broker bond from $10,000 to $75,000. The new provision goes in force on October 1, 2013, and will apply to all existing brokers retroactively.[7]

Other rules include:

  • A license status review by the FMCSA every five years; the FMCSA also has the power to revoke a broker's license in case of unethical practices.
  • A 3-year relevant experience and certified training requirement to obtain a broker license, bringing auto shipping broker qualification requirements in line with the ocean shipping industry.[8]
  • Tighter regulation of "interlining," the practice of freight carriers hiring other carriers to "perform all or part of the services the originating carrier is obliged" to provide.[9] Now, carriers that contract all or part of the job to other carriers will need to procure separate broker authority from the government. A transport company will also be required to notify its customers what role (carrier, forwarder or broker) it plays at each stage of the transport job, as well as which USDOT body regulates the activity.[8]

Industry Reactions[edit]

The Association of Independent Property Brokers & Agents (AIPBA), a property broker trade group that claims 1,400 members,[10] has petitioned and lobbied against higher bond requirements when these have been proposed in the past,[11] and has harshly criticized the new law. The founder & president of AIPBA, James Lamb, has called the law a lobbyist-driven attempt to "eliminate small brokers from the market" and establish an oligopoly that charges customers more and pays carriers less.[12]

The National Association for Minority Truckers (NAfMT)[13] has also come out against the higher bond requirements. NAfMT CEO Kevin Reid called the $75,000 bond an "unreasonable barrier to entry for would-be entrepreneurs." He also spoke out against the new restrictions on owner-operators brokering out excess freight. The NAfMT has joined efforts by AIPBA to repeal the stricter surety requirements.[14]

Other industry associations have been supportive of the law. The Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association (OOIDA), a group that represents independent trucking owner-operators, has been a key force behind the new regulations. While the final rules in MAP-21 fell short of the OOIDA's wishes, Todd Spencer, executive vice president of the organization, praised them as a "win-win" for truckers and legitimate brokers.[15]

The Transportation Intermediaries Association (TIA),[16] a major third-party logistics trade organization, has also advocated for the new FMCSA regulations through its lobbying arm TIAPAC (Official site) as a way to protect motor carriers from both incompetent and unscrupulous brokers[17] TIA board member Ken Lund acknowledged that the new bond may be difficult for smaller brokers to pay, but defended it as "reasonably priced" and useful to prevent fraud.[18]


  1. ^ "Auto Transport Carriers and Auto Transport Brokers - What’s the Difference?". A-1 Auto Transport. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "2007 Commodity Flow Survey, Table 7". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Consumer Advisory about Automobile Transporters". The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "FMCSA online registration page". U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) Registration & Assistance: Number/Operating Authority. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  5. ^ "FORM OP-1 APPLICATION FOR MOTOR PROPERTY CARRIER". U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  6. ^ WEISMAN, JONATHAN (29 June 2012). "Congress Approves a $127 Billion Transportation and Student Loan Package". New York Times. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "MAP-21 Broker and Freight Forwarder Questions & Answers". Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Block, Steve. "MAP-21: New Surface Transportation Legislation Overcomes Political Obstacles to Bring Law Closer to Industry Realities". Forwarder Law. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Seaton, Henry. "Intermodal Moves Make for Messy Law". Commercial Carrier Journal. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "About AIPBA". Association of Independent Property Brokers & Agents (AIPBA). Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "OPEN LETTER TO OOIDA". Association of Independent Property Brokers & Agents (AIPBA). Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  12. ^ Dills, Todd (23 August 2013). "Small brokers reload on $75K bond". OverDrive. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "NAfMT Official Site". National Association for Minority Truckers (NAfMT). Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  14. ^ Dills, Todd (26 February 2013). "Broker bond increase challenge gets new backer". OverDrive. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  15. ^ Miller, Eric. "Higher Bond Enrages Small Brokers". Steal Head Finance. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  16. ^ "TIA Official Site". Transportation Intermediaries Association. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  17. ^ "Interview with John Costelac, owner of Direct Connect Auto Transport". Direct Connect Auto. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  18. ^ Dills, Todd (2 October 2012). "Ken Lund: 75K broker bond no ‘large broker’ move". Overdrive. Retrieved 12 December 2013.