Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia
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- 1 History
- 2 Federation of Greek Orthodox Communities of Australia Inc.
- 3 Foundation of Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia
- 4 Hierarchs
- 5 Participating communities and churches
- 6 Apostolic succession
- 7 External links
- 8 See also
In 1897 the Greek Community of NSW was founded, encompassing Greek and Syrian Orthodox Christians. They built the Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity, the first Greek Orthodox Church in the Southern Hemisphere, completed in May 1898. Fr. D. Vakaliaros, who spoke Greek and Arabic, officiated. Fr. S. Fokas arrived from the Patriarchate of Jerusalem in 1898.
[Additional historical content of founding Communities to be inserted]
Aftermath the arrival of Archbishop Ezekiel Kefalas [TBC] a new church system was implementated in 1959, with the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia ["the GOAA"] elevated to an Archdiocese [1 August 1959] by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.
Federation of Greek Orthodox Communities of Australia Inc.
In 1958 the established communities founded the Federation of Greek Orthodox Communities of Australia Inc. ["the Federation"]. The Federation Foundation Member Communities were the Greek Orthodox Community of Sydney and New South Wales Inc.; the Greek Orthodox Community of Melbourne and Victoria; the Greek Orthodox Community of South Australia Inc.; and the Greek Orthodox Community of Newcastle. Later, the Greek Orthodox Community of Clayton Ltd Vic., Greek Orthodox Community of Illawarra Wollongong NSW., Greek Orthodox Community of St Albans Vic., Greek Orthodox Community of Keilor Vic. and Greek Orthodox Community of Sunshine Vic. affiliated.
The Federation continued to represent the Communities' interests. Serious divisions appeared within the Greek Orthodox Communities of Australia.
Archbishop Ezekiel excommunicated ten councilors andsuspend Rev. Stylianos Stenos as uncanonical. Greek consulates declared the marriages performed by an un-canonical priest as invalid under Greek law.
While the Greek government introduced civil marriage in 1982, Greek citizens who needed consulate services were required to procure ‘canonical’ marriage and baptism certificates from the GOAA by paying, obtaining and presenting a receipt [of an appropriate sum] to validate the sacraments.
Foundation of Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia
On the initiative of the Federation, the Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia was founded and registered on 4 June 1970 pursuant to the Associations Incorporations Act 1985 of South Australia.
The Church is autocephalic independent and self-governing without being in any way responsible or subject to or in any way influenced by any other religious authority an shall so remain unless otherwise determined by the Archbishop and 2/3 of the financial members of each Community."
The Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia follows the Gregorian calendar. Adherence to the Autocephalous Church is via affiliation to the Federation. In 1937, the Community built the Greek Orthodox Church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, the first such church in South Australia.
The Community churches do not have any canonical, spiritual and doctrinal differences with the other Greek churches that are under the jurisdiction of Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia or any other orthodox church denomination. They follow the Orthodox faith; the holy sacraments such as baptisms, marriage and priesthood of the church are recognised by the Australian Government.
The Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia is recognized as a religious denomination under the Marriage (Recognized Denominations) Proclamation 2006.
The priests of the Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia are recognised by government which have signed international conventions (Geneva Convention of 1951), including Australia.
- Metropolitan Prokopios of Adelaide and exarch of South Australia, serves the Churches under the jurisdiction of the Greek Orthodox Community of South Australia.
Prokopios was canonically ordained on 11 August 2013 at the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of Archangels Michael and Gabriel Adelaide South Australia by Canonical Bishops of the Former Exarchate of the Patriarchate of Alexandria in America (under the Canonical Archbishop of New England Dionysios Makrogamvrakis, appointed Exarch in USA by Patriarch Nikolaos of Alexandria).
- Archbishop Spyridon Ermogenous was the first Archbishop of the Church
- Bishop Pavlos Laios (former assistant bishop of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia)
Participating communities and churches
As at 23 November 2013, these Communities adhered to the Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia:
Greek Orthodox Community of South Australia Inc.
- Greek Orthodox Cathedral Church of Archangels Michael and Gabriel
- Greek Orthodox Church of Saint Nikolas
- Greek Orthodox Church of Saints Constantine and Helen
- Greek Orthodox Church of the Dormition of Virgin Mary
- Greek Orthodox Church of Saints Cosmas and Damian [Chapel at Ridleyton Greek Home for the Aged]
- Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Virgin [Annual Feast Day]
Greek Orthodox Community of Newcastle Inc.
- Greek Orthodox Church of Saint Dimitrios
Greek Orthodox Community of St Albans Vic.
- Greek Orthodox Church of Saint Paraskevi
Greek Orthodox Community of Keilor Vic.
- No Church or cleric
Greek Orthodox Community of Sunshine Vic.
- No church or cleric
Metropolitan Prokopios was ordained as Metropolitan for the Greek Orthodox Community Church in South Australia on 11 August 2013 at the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of Archangels Michael and Gabriel. He was born in Volos, in 2002 ordained Deacon by Patriarch of Jerusalem Irineos and in 2010 ordained Priest and Archimandrite by Metropolitan Ayksentios of Aigina Island (Greece). In 2013 the Synod of the Canonical Former Exarchate of the Alexandria Patriarchate (under Metropolitan of New England Dionysios Makrogamvrakis patriarchate Exarchos in America) elected him Metropolitan of Adelaide.
Archbishop Dionysios (Makrogambrakis)
President of the Synod of the former Exarchate of the Patriarchate of Alexandria in America.
He was born on August 15, 1919 in the city of Heraklion, on the island of Crete, in Greece. He is known by the surname Makrogambrakis, studied at the seminary in Pytagoraia Government Institute in Heraklion, Crete, from 1934 to 1937. He was tonsured a monk at the monastery of Iviron monastery on Mount Athos in 1937. In 1940 the monk Dionysios was ordained to the Diaconate, and in March 1943 he was ordained a priest by Metropolitan Militoupoleos Lerotheos, Greece, at the request of the Iviron monastery. Dionysios studied Patrologia and theology for over 14 years.
During the pilgrimage to the Church of the Iviron monastery, he was appointed by the Patriarch as Superior of the monastery of St. Peter and of the Holy Mother of God Shrine in Nazareth, Israel. Before 1945, Hieromonk Dionysios was appointed member of the ecclesiastical court under Metropolitan Isidoros. Later during the same year, he was appointed as Superior of the monastery of wedding at Cana in Galilee and continued serving there until 1960. In 1960 the Patriarch Benedictos designated again as Superior of the monastery of Charalambos in Jerusalem and also appointed him to serve as a priest at the Cathedral of St. Constantine and Helena in Jerusalem.
A year later in 1961, he was appointed Superior of Holy Cross Theological School in Jerusalem. At the same time Hieromonk Dionysios studied Greek, Hebrew, Russian and English at the Hebrew University. He continued serving Holy Cross until July 1963 when, with the permission of Patriarch Benedictos, he returned to the Holy Monastery of Iviron monastery on Mount Athos to seek permission of the fraternity to travel to United States of America, arriving in mid-1963. For the remainder of 1963 and 1964 he served as a priest in the community of Saint Markela Orthodox Church in Astoria, New York, under the Greek Bishop Petros (Astifitheso).
In the fall of 1964, after coming under the jurisdiction of the Greek Orthodox Church in America, he was appointed by Archbishop Photios, the previous Metropolitan is pathos in Cyprus as the Organizations Are Archimandrita George of the Greek Orthodox Church in Lowell, Massachusetts. In 1966, Archimandrita Dionysios was transferred to the Orthodox Church of the resurrection in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. While serving the body of Christ in the Church of the resurrection.
Five years later, in 1971, the Archimandrit Dionysios was canonically elected Bishop for the Greek Orthodox Parishes in America. On March 7, 1971, he was consecrated to the episcopate of the Orthodox Church by Bishop Andreas and Anthony. The Church of the resurrection was elevated to Cathedral . Continued serving there until 1980. After serving God in Pawtucket, Rhode Island for nearly fourteen years at the Orthodox Cathedral of the resurrection, Bishop Dionysios raised Saint George in Memphis, Tennessee, to the status of Cathedral and moved there.
On January 11, 1983, Bishop Dionysios was requested to serve as Exarch for the exarchate of the Patriarchate of Alexandria in America known there as the Diocese of New England in Rhode Island in Pawtucket, and the Patriarch Nicholaos confirmed the canonical consecration of Bishop Dionysios. On May 26, 1986, Patriarch Nicholas gave "Autocephaly" (independence) to Bishop Dionysios Exarchate in America. Since then, Archbishop Dionysios served the Church mainly of Mississauga, Ontario in Canada.
 M P Tsounis "The Story of a Community" A short pictorial history of the Greek Orthodox Community of SA Inc. 
- Media related to Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia at Wikimedia Commons
- Greek Orthodox Community of South Australia Inc.
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