Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari
|Location||Imola, Emilia-Romagna, Italy|
|Time zone||GMT +1|
|Major events||SBK, WTCC, Le Mans Series|
|Length||4.909 km (3.050 mi)|
|Lap record||1:20.411 ( Michael Schumacher, Ferrari, 2004, Formula One)|
|Previous layout (1981-1994)|
|Length||4.933 km (3.065 mi)|
|Lap record||1:24.335 ( Damon Hill, Williams-Renault, 1994, Formula One)|
The Autodromo Internazionale Enzo e Dino Ferrari is an auto racing circuit near the Italian town of Imola, 40 kilometres (24.9 mi) east of Bologna and 80 kilometres (49.7 mi) east of the Ferrari factory in Maranello.
It was the venue for the Formula One San Marino Grand Prix (for many years two Grands Prix were held in Italy every year, so the race held at Imola was named after the nearby state) and it also hosted the 1980 edition of the Italian Grand Prix, which usually takes place in Monza. When Formula One visits Imola, it is seen as the 'home circuit' of Ferrari and masses of tifosi (Ferrari supporters) come out to support the local team.
Imola, as it is colloquially known, is one of the few major international circuits to run in an anti-clockwise direction. (Istanbul Park, Korea International Circuit, Marina Bay Street Circuit, Autódromo José Carlos Pace, Circuit of the Americas, and the Yas Marina Circuit are other anti-clockwise circuits used recently by Formula One.)
The track was inaugurated in 1953, and it had no chicanes, so the run from Rivazza all the way to Tosa, through the pits and the eventually notorious Tamburello was totally flat out, as was the run from Acque Minerali all the way to Rivazza was just a long straight with a few small bends; and the circuit remained in this configuration until 1972. Despite the addition of the chicanes, the circuit was subject to constant safety concerns, mostly regarding the flat-out Tamburello corner, which was very bumpy and had dangerously little room between the track and a concrete wall which protects a creek that runs behind it. In 1987, Nelson Piquet had an accident there during practice and missed the race due to injury. In the 1989 San Marino Grand Prix, Gerhard Berger crashed his Ferrari at Tamburello after a front wing failure. The car caught fire after the heavy impact but thanks to the quick work of the firefighters and medical personnel Berger survived and missed only one race (the 1989 Monaco Grand Prix) due to burns to his hands. Michele Alboreto also had a fiery accident at the Tamburello corner testing his Footwork Arrows at the circuit in 1991 but escaped injury. Riccardo Patrese also had an accident at the Tamburello corner in 1992 while testing for the Williams team.
1994 San Marino Grand Prix
In the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, the dangers of the Imola circuit and of Formula One in general, became tragically apparent. During Friday practice Rubens Barrichello was launched over a curb and into the top of a tyre barrier at the Variante Bassa, knocking the Brazilian unconscious though quick medical intervention saved his life. During Saturday qualifying Austrian Roland Ratzenberger crashed head-on into a wall at over 310 km/h at the Villeneuve corner, dying instantly from a basilar skull fracture. The tragedy continued the next day, when the three-time World Champion Ayrton Senna lost control of his car and crashed into the concrete wall at the Tamburello corner on Lap 7. He succumbed shortly after impact as a piece of the car had pierced his helmet and skull. In two unrelated incidents, several spectators and mechanics were also injured during the event.
The circuit continued to host Grands Prix, but revisions were immediately made in an attempt to make the circuit safer. The flat-out Tamburello corner was reduced to a 4th gear left-right sweeper, and a gravel trap was added to the limited space on the outside of the corner. Villeneuve corner, previously an innocuous 6th gear right-hander into Tosa, was made a complementary 4th gear sweeper, also with a gravel trap on the outside of the corner. In an attempt to retain some of the quickness and character of the old circuit, the arduous chicane at Acqua Minerali was eliminated, and the Variante Bassa was straightened into a single chicane. Many say that the new circuit configuration is not as good as it used to be as a result of the new chicanes at Tamburello and Villeneuve.
Another modification made to the Imola track is that of the famous Variante Alta which is situated at the top of the hill leading down to Rivazza and has the hardest braking point on the lap. The Variante Alta, formerly a high-kerbed chicane, was hit quite hard by the drivers which caused damage to the cars and occasionally was the site of quite a few accidents. Before the 2006 Grand Prix, the kerbs were lowered considerably and the turn itself was tightened to reduce speeds and hopefully reduce the number of accidents at the chicane.
Some are also critical of the circuit's deteriorating facilities and there had long been discussions about removing the San Marino Grand Prix from the Formula One calendar. In 2007, the discussion was realised as the San Marino Grand Prix was removed from the Formula One calendar and has since not returned.
SAGIS, the company that owns the circuit, hoped that the race would be reinstated at the October 2006 meeting of the FIA World Motorsport Council and scheduled for the weekend of 29 April 2007, providing renovations to the circuit were completed in time for the race, but the reinstatement was denied.
Since then, the circuit has undergone major revisions:
The Variante Bassa chicane has been removed, making the run from Rivazza 2 to the first Tamburello chicane totally flat-out, much like the circuit in its original fast-flowing days. However the chicane has been reinstalled for motorcycle races.
The old pit garages and paddock have been demolished and completely rebuilt - the pitlane extended and resurfaced - the reconstruction overseen by German track architect Hermann Tilke.
The circuit hopes to rejoin the Formula One calendar within the next few seasons.
In June 2008, with most of the reconstruction work completed, The FIA gave the track a "1T" rating, meaning that an official Formula One Test can be held at the circuit; circuits require the "1" homologation to host a Formula One Grand Prix. However, as of August 2011, the track received a '1' FIA homologation rating after a recent inspection by Charlie Whiting.
The circuit hosted the 2008 WTCC Race of Europe, on 21 September 2008.
In 2012, the BBC's Top Gear had a segment at the Imola circuit.
- BBC (2006-02-17). "Circuit Guide - Imola". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- The Guardian (2003-03-03). "Imola, San Marino". London. Retrieved 2010-04-26.
- "San Marino loses Grand Prix race". news.bbc.co.uk. 29 August 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
- "Imola hopes to get back on 2007 calendar". f1.gpupdate.net. 30 August 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-30.
- "Imola receives '1T' FIA rating". en.f1-live.com. 30 August 2006. Archived from the original on 21 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-02.
- "F1: Imola Eyes Return With Top FIA Rating". 5 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-05.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari.|
- Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari
- Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari History and Statistics
- Info from BBC's circuit guide
- Track info from race-game.org
- Satellite picture by Google Maps
- Re-Opening ceremony in may 2008 (article in Italian)