Automotive industry in Chennai

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Chennai is nicknamed the Detroit of India[1] thanks to the well-established presence of the automobile industry around the city. The 4-wheeler vehicles in Chennai is the base of 30% of India's automobile industry[2] and 35% of its automobile component industry.[3] Chennai is the fourth largest metropolitan city of the country. In the year 2008, Tamil Nadu had over 16 million 2 and 4-wheeled vehicle registrations.[4]

Besides the commercial industry, the Heavy Vehicles Factory (HVF) has been established in Avadi to produce military related vehicles. Avadi also boasts of the Combat Vehicle Research & Development Establishment (CVRDE), a new engine testing facility.

Major Automotive Manufactures[edit]

Company Description Product
Ashok Leyland Ashok Leyland is a commercial vehicle manufacturing company based in Chennai, India. Ashok Leyland has six manufacturing plants, three of which are in Tamil Nadu: a plant at Ennore near Chennai and two plants at Hosur (called Hosur I and Hosur II, along with a press shop). Ennore accounts for 40% of the company's production.[5] 18 seater to 82 seater double-decker buses, 7.5 tonne to 49 tonne in haulage vehicles, special application vehicles, and diesel engines for industrial, marine and genset applications.
Ashok Leyland - Nissan JV Nissan and Ashok Leyland have formed a joint venture to set up a Light Commercial Vehicle (LCV) plant at Pillaipakkam, 40 km from Chennai.[6] Have launched 1.25-tonne diesel truck named DOST
BMW A state-of-the-art assembly plant for BMW 3 and 5 Series started operation in early 2007 in Chengalpattu, Chennai.[7] Produces different variants of the BMW 3 Series, BMW 5 Series, BMW 7 series. BMW X1, BMW X3 and the Mini Cooper.
Daimler Daimler manufactures trucks and buses at its plant in Oragadam, Chennai. The plant's initial production capacity was of 36,000 vehicles a year.[8] Produces trucks with brand name of BharatBenz and buses with the brand name of Mercedes-Benz and BharatBenz
Ford Ford India has a manufacturing facility in Maraimalai Nagar, 45 km from Chennai.[9] On a three-shift basis, the company can produce 200,000 cars per annum.[10] Escort (discontinued)
Ikon
Fiesta
Mondeo (discontinued)
Fusion (discontinued)
Endeavour
Figo
Ecosport
Hindustan Motors Hindustan Motors has a plant in Tiruvallur, Chennai. Trekker (discontinued)
Landmaster (discontinued)
Contessa (discontinued)—5th generation Vauxhall Victor
Ambassadora version of the 1950s Morris Oxford.
Hyundai Hyundai entered India in 1996 with its plant at Irungattukottai in Sriperumbudur, about 40 km from Chennai.[11] It set up a second plant in 2006 which raised its total capacity to 600,000 cars per annum.[12][13] Accent - 2nd generation Accent

Elantra (discontinued) - 3rd generation Elantra
Getz (discontinued)
i10 - brand new small car, global launch in India in 2007
i20 - brand new small car, global launch in 2008
Verna - 3rd generation Accent
Santro - 2nd generation Hyundai Atos Sonata
Terracan* (discontinued)

Tucson*

Mitsubishi Mitsubishi entered India in 1998 as a part of its global expansion programme. It has a manufacturing facility in Tiruvallur, Chennai in technical collaboration with Hindustan Motors. The plant currently has a capacity of 12,000 cars per annum.[14] Lancer - 6th Generation Mitsubishi Lancer
Lancer Cedia - 7th generation Mitsubishi Lancer
Pajero* - 2nd generation Mitsubishi Pajero
Montero* - 3rd generation Mitsubishi Pajero
Outlander*.
Nissan Nissan entered India in 2005. It is currently is setting up a full-scale manufacturing plant in Oragadam situated about 45 km from Chennai. The plant will have a capacity of 200,000 cars per annum. It plans to introduce 9 new models in India in the coming months including its small car Micra. Teana*
X-Trail*
Datsun Go
Renault Renault entered India in 2007 in a Joint venture with Mahindra. It is currently is setting up a full-scale manufacturing plant in Oragadam situated about 45 km from Chennai. The plant will have a capacity of 200,000 cars per annum. It plans to introduce many new models in India, particularly to attract small car buyers. Logan, Pulse, Scala, Fluence, Duster and Koleos
Royal Enfield Royal Enfield, a subsidiary of Eicher Motors, has a two-wheeler manufacturing plant in Tiruvottiyur, Chennai.[15] * Classic (350 & 500 cc) - close to the original 1955 specification with some basic modifications, 5 speed gear box and left foot gear shift.
* Bullet 500 ES - Classic with electric start and 4-speed gearbox
* Bullet Continental - US model 350 or 500 with 4 speed gearbox with left foot gear change.
* Bullet Sixty-5 - Bullet 500 ES with new 5 speed gearbox and left foot gear change.
* Lightning 535cc - 4 speed cast iron engine. Cruiser model on which the Thunderbird is based.
* Thunderbird (350 cc)- New 5 speed gearbox, left foot gear change, stylish look with dual colour/shade body, curved handle bars and electric start. It is also compliant with UK/EU emission standards.
* Bullet Electra-X (500 cc) - Much modified/re-designed lean burn, alloy barreled engine with the new gearbox and many chassis modifications. The Electra-X looks like a modified and improved Bullet.
* Bullet Machismo 350/500
* Mini-Bullet 200
* Fury
* Explorer
* Silver plus
* Mofa a 22 cc shock-absorber-less mobike.
TAFE Tractors TAFE Tractors has plant in Sembium, Chennai
Yamaha Yamaha’s plant will be its biggest in India and will manufacture scooters.
Wrightbus Leading bus maker Wrightbus International, which is setting up its bus body manufacturing facility near here. [16]

Major Tyre Manufacturers[edit]

Major tyre manufacturing companies alone have committed investments around $5 billion in Tamil Nadu of which 90% is in this corridor. A number of tyre manufacturing companies have set up factories in this corridor and are as follows.

Company Plant Locations Investments (crores of INR)
Apollo Tyres Oragadam 2100
Bridgestone oragadam
Dunlop Ambattur Closed due to Labour unrest.
JK Tyres Sriperumbudur 1000
Michelin Thervaikandikai 11000 (4000 Phase 1 till 2016)
MRF Arakkonam, Tiruvottiyur (2 plants) 1400

List of other notable Automobile and Auto components manufactures[edit]

The following auto and auto component companies have their manufacturing plants in and around Chennai.

The other competitors for the automobile industry and for its title include Thailand & Shanghai, China.

List of Agencies working for the development of Automobile Industry in Chennai Region[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Why Chennai turned into 'Detroit Of India". Financial Express. 13 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Sivalingam, T; Bhaskaran, E (2004). "IT applications in Automotive Industry". GCMM 2004 first international conference on manufacturing and management (Alpha Science International, Limited): p. 20. ISBN 978-81-7319-677-5. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  3. ^ "Automotive Components". Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Govt. of India. Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  4. ^ "Automobile Industry India". Imagin Mor Pty Ltd. 
  5. ^ "Ashok Leyland Manufacturing Facilities". Ashok Leyland Manufacturing Facilities. 
  6. ^ "Ashok Leyland and Nissan LCV plant location at Pillaipakkam". Business Standard. September 8, 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "BMW Chennai facility goes on stream". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  8. ^ "Daimler to roll out buses from Chennai plant". The Hindu. March 6, 2014. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  9. ^ "About Ford". About Ford | Ford India. Ford India. Retrieved August 29, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Ford looking to achieve full capacity; plans to expand soon". The Hindu Business Line. April 7, 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  11. ^ "Hyundai Motor India - Office Addresses". Hyundai Motor India - Office Addresses. Hyundai Motor India. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "Hyundai to roll out new car from second plant". The Hindu Business Line. September 19, 2006. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  13. ^ "Hyundai to produce 6 lakh cars in 2008". Business Standard. February 4, 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  14. ^ "Chennai Car Plant (CCP) - Tiruvallur". Chennai Car Plant (CCP) - Tiruvallur. Hindustan Motors. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  15. ^ "Factory Tour". Factory Tour - Royal Enfield. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  16. ^ "Wrightbus new plant at Chennai". 
  17. ^ http://delphitvs.com/index.aspx
  18. ^ http://www.metrologyintegrated.in/contactus.htm