Automotive industry in Chennai
See also: Automotive Corridor
Chennai is nicknamed the Detroit of India thanks to the well-established presence of the automobile industry around the city. The 4-wheeler vehicles in Chennai is the base of 30% of India's automobile industry and 35% of its automobile component industry. Chennai is the fourth largest metropolitan city of the country. In the year 2008, Tamil Nadu had over 16 million 2 and 4-wheeled vehicle registrations.
Besides the commercial industry, the Heavy Vehicles Factory (HVF) has been established in Avadi to produce military related vehicles. Avadi also boasts of the Combat Vehicle Research & Development Establishment (CVRDE), a new engine testing facility.
Major Automotive Manufactures
|Ashok Leyland||Ashok Leyland is a commercial vehicle manufacturing company based in Chennai, India. Ashok Leyland has six manufacturing plants, three of which are in Tamil Nadu: a plant at Ennore near Chennai and two plants at Hosur (called Hosur I and Hosur II, along with a press shop). Ennore accounts for 40% of the company's production.||18 seater to 82 seater double-decker buses, 7.5 tonne to 49 tonne in haulage vehicles, special application vehicles, and diesel engines for industrial, marine and genset applications.|
|Ashok Leyland - Nissan JV||Nissan and Ashok Leyland have formed a joint venture to set up a Light Commercial Vehicle (LCV) plant at Pillaipakkam, 40 km from Chennai.||Have launched 1.25-tonne diesel truck named DOST|
|BMW||A state-of-the-art assembly plant for BMW 3 and 5 Series started operation in early 2007 in Chengalpattu, Chennai.||Produces different variants of the BMW 3 Series, BMW 5 Series, BMW 7 series. BMW X1, BMW X3 and the Mini Cooper.|
|Daimler||Daimler manufactures trucks and buses at its plant in Oragadam, Chennai. The plant's initial production capacity was of 36,000 vehicles a year.||Produces trucks with brand name of BharatBenz and buses with the brand name of Mercedes-Benz and BharatBenz|
|Ford||Ford India has a manufacturing facility in Maraimalai Nagar, 45 km from Chennai. On a three-shift basis, the company can produce 200,000 cars per annum.||Escort (discontinued)
|Hindustan Motors||Hindustan Motors has a plant in Tiruvallur, Chennai.||Trekker (discontinued)
Contessa (discontinued)—5th generation Vauxhall Victor
Ambassador—a version of the 1950s Morris Oxford.
|Hyundai||Hyundai entered India in 1996 with its plant at Irungattukottai in Sriperumbudur, about 40 km from Chennai. It set up a second plant in 2006 which raised its total capacity to 600,000 cars per annum.||Accent - 2nd generation Accent
Elantra (discontinued) - 3rd generation Elantra
|Mitsubishi||Mitsubishi entered India in 1998 as a part of its global expansion programme. It has a manufacturing facility in Tiruvallur, Chennai in technical collaboration with Hindustan Motors. The plant currently has a capacity of 12,000 cars per annum.||Lancer - 6th Generation Mitsubishi Lancer
Lancer Cedia - 7th generation Mitsubishi Lancer
Pajero* - 2nd generation Mitsubishi Pajero
Montero* - 3rd generation Mitsubishi Pajero
|Nissan||Nissan entered India in 2005. It is currently is setting up a full-scale manufacturing plant in Oragadam situated about 45 km from Chennai. The plant will have a capacity of 200,000 cars per annum. It plans to introduce 9 new models in India in the coming months including its small car Micra.||Teana*
|Renault||Renault entered India in 2007 in a Joint venture with Mahindra. It is currently is setting up a full-scale manufacturing plant in Oragadam situated about 45 km from Chennai. The plant will have a capacity of 200,000 cars per annum. It plans to introduce many new models in India, particularly to attract small car buyers.||Logan, Pulse, Scala, Fluence, Duster and Koleos|
|Royal Enfield||Royal Enfield, a subsidiary of Eicher Motors, has a two-wheeler manufacturing plant in Tiruvottiyur, Chennai.||* Classic (350 & 500 cc) - close to the original 1955 specification with some basic modifications, 5 speed gear box and left foot gear shift.
* Bullet 500 ES - Classic with electric start and 4-speed gearbox
* Bullet Continental - US model 350 or 500 with 4 speed gearbox with left foot gear change.
* Bullet Sixty-5 - Bullet 500 ES with new 5 speed gearbox and left foot gear change.
* Lightning 535cc - 4 speed cast iron engine. Cruiser model on which the Thunderbird is based.
* Thunderbird (350 cc)- New 5 speed gearbox, left foot gear change, stylish look with dual colour/shade body, curved handle bars and electric start. It is also compliant with UK/EU emission standards.
* Bullet Electra-X (500 cc) - Much modified/re-designed lean burn, alloy barreled engine with the new gearbox and many chassis modifications. The Electra-X looks like a modified and improved Bullet.
* Bullet Machismo 350/500
* Mini-Bullet 200
* Silver plus
* Mofa a 22 cc shock-absorber-less mobike.
|TAFE Tractors||TAFE Tractors has plant in Sembium, Chennai|
|Yamaha's plant will be its biggest in India and will manufacture scooters.|
|Wrightbus||Leading bus maker Wrightbus International, which is setting up its bus body manufacturing facility near here.|
Major Tyre Manufacturers
Major tyre manufacturing companies alone have committed investments around $5 billion in Tamil Nadu of which 90% is in this corridor. A number of tyre manufacturing companies have set up factories in this corridor and are as follows.
|Company||Plant Locations||Investments (crores of INR)|
|Dunlop||Ambattur||Closed due to Labour unrest.|
|Michelin||Thervaikandikai||11000 (4000 Phase 1 till 2016)|
|MRF||Arakkonam, Tiruvottiyur (2 plants)||1400|
List of other notable Automobile and Auto components manufactures
The following auto and auto component companies have their manufacturing plants in and around Chennai.
- Mando India Limited
- Ashley Alteams India Limited - a unit of Ashokleyland & Alteams OY JV
- Tube Products of India
- Bharat Forge
- The TVS Group (TVS)
- Wabco India Limited
- Delphi-TVS Diesel Systems Limited
- TI Cycles of India
- India Pistons
- Wheels India
- Sundaram Clayton
- Brakes India
- Rane (Madras) Ltd
- SEW Eurodrive India
- JKM Daerim
- Ennore Foundries
- BorgWarner Thermal Systems
- ZDPL—YAPP Automotive
- Bavina Industries — launched India's first-ever four-door electric car
- Avalon Technologies
- Iochpe Maxion — Brazilian auto and railway equipment firm
- Leo Primecomp Pvt Ltd
- Rane Brake Linings
- Korea Fuel Tech India Pvt Ltd
- Motherson Sumi Systems ltd
List of Agencies working for the development of Automobile Industry in Chennai Region
- CII (Confederation of Indian Industry) - TNTDPC (Tamilnadu Technology Development and Promotion Centre)
- ACMA (Auto Component Manufacturers Association)
- Integrated Technologies
- "Why Chennai turned into 'Detroit Of India". Financial Express. 13 March 2014.
- "Automotive Components". Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Govt. of India. Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- "Automobile Industry India". Imagin Mor Pty Ltd.
- "Ashok Leyland Manufacturing Facilities". Ashok Leyland Manufacturing Facilities.
- "Ashok Leyland and Nissan LCV plant location at Pillaipakkam". Business Standard. September 8, 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- "BMW Chennai facility goes on stream". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- "Daimler to roll out buses from Chennai plant". The Hindu. March 6, 2014. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- "About Ford". About Ford | Ford India. Ford India. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
- "Ford looking to achieve full capacity; plans to expand soon". The Hindu Business Line. April 7, 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- "Hyundai Motor India - Office Addresses". Hyundai Motor India - Office Addresses. Hyundai Motor India. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- "Hyundai to roll out new car from second plant". The Hindu Business Line. September 19, 2006. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- "Hyundai to produce 6 lakh cars in 2008". Business Standard. February 4, 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- "Chennai Car Plant (CCP) - Tiruvallur". Chennai Car Plant (CCP) - Tiruvallur. Hindustan Motors. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- "Factory Tour". Factory Tour - Royal Enfield. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- "Wrightbus new plant at Chennai".