Automotive industry in Mexico

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This is an article about the automotive industry in Mexico.

Contents

History[edit]

Early years (1903–1960)[edit]

In 1903, motorcars first arrived in Mexico City, totalling 136 cars in that year and rising to 800 by 1906. This encouraged then president Porfirio Díaz, to create both the first Mexican highway code (which would allow cars to move at a maximum speed of 10 km/h or 6 mph on crowded or small streets and 40 km/h or 25 mph elsewhere) and, along with this, a tax for car owners which would be abolished in 1911 with Francisco I. Madero's successful campaign against Díaz's dictatorship at the outbreak of the Mexican Revolution. In 1910 Daimler and Renault both established small facilities for the local assembly of vehicles primarily for the Mexican government at the behest of Porfirio Díaz but these functioned for little more than a few months before being destroyed in the Mexican Revolution. A Short time after the end of the armed struggle, Buick became the first automobile producer to be officially established in Mexico, beginning 1921. In 1925, Ford Motor Company was too established and began manufacturing vehicles in the country, and as of 2011 remains the longest-running brand in the country.

In 1959, Mexico produced its first fully domestic vehicle, a small truck called the Rural Ramírez, produced by the Ramirez truck company.

Decline (1961–1993)[edit]

Many car makers were already operational by 1961 when the first decline of the Mexican economy showed up. In the early 1960s, government regulations forced car companies to assemble cars in Mexico, using local as well as imported components. The idea was to develop a national car industry in the country, to promote employment and technological advances. Those companies that would not comply with these regulations left the country; these included Mercedes Benz, FIAT, Citroën, Peugeot and Volvo. The American Big Three (General Motors, Ford and Chrysler) remained along with American Motors, Renault, Volkswagen, Datsun and Borgward.

In this same year, due to the announcement of the upcoming 1968 Summer Olympics to be held in Mexico, the Government reissued Diaz's car ownership tax, purportedly to afford the construction of new facilities for such event; this was named the Tenencia Vehicular (from the verb tener; "to have" in Spanish). However, the tax remained to finance the 1970 FIFA World Cup, also held in Mexico. Ironically, the tax remains today in most states, and it must be paid year after year. This tax is variable depending of the car's value, number of cylinders, type of transmission, air conditioning and further features, adding up a payment of up to 10% of the car's total value. A second tax exists as well when purchasing a new vehicle called Impuesto Sobre Auto Nuevo or ISAN ("Tax on new car"), also depending on vehicle's specifications and cost. Unlike the Tenencia, this tax is paid one time only. Federal law requires all listed car prices on media or dealerships to have the standard 16% VAT tax and ISAN included on the listed price, making listed prices total on car and taxes.

Since many Mexican drivers default on paying this tax, the Government started taking countermeasures. However, due to this being perceived as uncontrollable, politicians started making proposals to abolish this tax, remarkably Felipe Calderón. Tenencia has, as of 2011, been only abolished in Querétaro. On 4 March 2011, President Calderón announced Tenencia will be completely abolished by 2012 in all states, but not in the Federal District which comprises most of Mexico City.

Rebirth (1994–2006)[edit]

The growth of Mexico's economy during the late 90s stimulated car sales in Mexico and, eventually, most of the retired car makers established again in the country. Makers such as Honda and Porsche arrived for the first time during the last years of the 20th Century, and others such as Peugeot and Mercedes-Benz gave Mexico a "second chance", both reestablishing in 1997.

Annual passenger vehicle sales in Mexico reached the one million milestone in 2005. This increasing number of sales encouraged car makers to offer cars with alternative fuels like the Honda Civic Hybrid and the Volkswagen Jetta TDI. Such type of cars had't been available in Mexico since the first Volkswagen Caribe diesel-powered in the late 70's and the early 80's (see paragraphs for each makers: Honda and Volkswagen); however, still few car makers have released their diesel-powered versions for the Mexican consumer due to stricter government emission laws than those of the European Union Euro IV, in order to maintain a petrol car market ONLY, so drivers cannot benefit from saving money on fuel. Diesel cars do not apply for the privilege of driving every day in Mexico City; brand new Diesel vehicles enter the "Hoy no Circula" restrictions. Government officials claim Diesel powered vehicles are more pollutant than their petrol counterparts because they produce a bit of smoke, although modern Diesel engine technology has proven to be more reliable in fuel consumption and lower CO2 emissions than petrol.

Current market (2007–present)[edit]

Main article: Mastretta MXT

Mexican studio Mastretta Cars first announced the creation of their MXT through Automóvil Panamericano magazine in May 2007. The vehicle is the first Mexican sports car ever built, and features specifications similar to those of Lotus Elise and Porsche Cayman. The production of MXT started in January 2011, and first units are to be delivered by April of the same year. In 2010, Mexican bus maker Cimex announced that it was expanding into the passenger vehicle field and was developing a pickup truck called the Conin which would be Mexico's first domestic pickup truck when it is expected to enter production in 2013.[1]

To date, 42 makers have official representation in the country with nearly 400 different models, making Mexico one of the most varied and fulfilled automotive markets in the world.

The automotive sector accounts for 17.6% of Mexico’s manufacturing sector.[2] Mexico manufactures more automobiles of any North American nation.[3] The industry produces technologically complex components and engages in research and development.[4] The "Big Three" (General Motors, Ford and Chrysler) have been operating in Mexico since the 1930s, while Volkswagen and Nissan built their plants in the 1960s.[5] In Puebla alone, 70 industrial part-makers cluster around Volkswagen.[4] In the 2010s expansion of the sector was surging. In 2014 more than $10 billion in investment was committed in the first few months of the year. Kia Motors in August 2014 announced plans for a $1 billion factory in Nuevo León. At the time Mercedes-Benz and Nissan were already building a $1.4 billion plant near Puebla, while BMW was planning a $1-billion assembly plant in San Luis Potosí. Additionally, Audi began building a $1.3 billion factory near Puebla in 2013.[6]

Vehicle use restrictions[edit]

In Mexico City the "Hoy no circula" ("Does not Circulate Today") program is implemented. Every vehicle has a color sticker depending on the ending number of its plate, as well as a number to determine its pollution rate. Brand new cars "00" and recent models "0" are exempt; "Hoy no circula" only applies to vehicles older than 8 years, which have "1" and "2" designations. The program works by removing these vehicles from circulation one day during the week, and recently one Saturday per month, depending on their last license plate digit number. Said limitations occur as follows:

  • Plates ending with 5 or 6 (yellow) cannot be driven on Mondays and the 1st Saturday of the current month.
  • Plates ending with 7 or 8 (pink) cannot be driven on Tuesdays and the 2nd Saturday of the current month.
  • Plates ending with 3 or 4 (red) cannot be driven on Wednesdays and the 3rd Saturday of the current month.
  • Plates ending with 1 or 2 (green) cannot be driven on Thursdays and the 4th Saturday of the current month.
  • Plates ending with 9 or 0 (blue) cannot be driven on Fridays and the 5th Saturday (if any) of the current month.

For example, a fictional 1985 Volkswagen Golf with 903-NRX plates won't be allowed to be driven on Wednesdays 18 September 2010, nor 16 October 2010, etc. The newer weekends restrictions have received criticism. Only a few months a year have five Saturdays, and so the blue-stickered cars will be removed only four or five weekends a year from circulation, while the rest of the cars will be weekend-banned once every month.

Automotive culture and Mexico Autoshow[edit]

Since the first "Autoexpo del Automóvil" the automotive culture in Mexico started growing in the Mexicans. The publication of the first Mexican auto magazines was in November 1982 by Motor y Volante magazine which became instantly famous for its irreverent criticism and professional performance testing of local versions of many cars. After more than 10 years being the sole specialty media, other publishers decided to jump into the wagon; in early 1995 4 Ruedas Magazine and shortly after Automóvil Panamericano saw light. Technological advances has now Motor y Volante as the sole digital auto magazine (by subscription only) but with an extremely large affiliation due to its 30 years existence record. The Autoexpo changed denomination in 2004 into the "Salón Internacional del Automovil" to convert into an international size event. It is in fact an event comparable to the North American International Auto Show in Detroit. In the first two editions of the Mexico Autoshow brands new to Mexico, like Mazda, were introduced. On the other hand, some manufacturers like Jaguar and Volvo have been to neither the 2004 nor the 2005 editions. On the other hand, Renault would attend every two years. However, the 2006 edition of the autoshow was considered a failure and a fraud since over 15 car makers missed the event, including Volkswagen Group, Renault and Peugeot. After the 2006 edition and for the first time since 1994, SIAM was not hosted the following year. A two-year event is currently hosted.

Successful cars in Mexico[edit]

Some cars have been especially successful in Mexico, depending on their cost and viability.

Chevrolet Chevy[edit]

Main article: Opel Corsa
A couple of Chevy saloons in Mexico City

The second-generation Opel Corsa was first introduced in Mexico in 1994 imported from Spain as a response to the successful Volkswagen Sedán, under the name "Chevrolet Chevy". General Motors used a practical, supermini with an affordable price tag for the Mexican consumer that gave excellent results. From 1996, when the Chevy Popular, or Chevy Pop Budget trim was introduced, and the Chevy began to be produced in the Ramos Arizpe GM assembly plant, replaced the Volkswagen Sedan (Beetle) as the top selling car in Mexico. Chevrolet soon launched the also Mexican made Chevy Monza, similar to the 4-door saloon version of the Chevrolet Classic still produced in Argentina, for those who wanted a bigger trunk and more room with for the same low price.

A 2006 Corsa saloon made in Brazil

The design was not changed until 2000, when it was facelifted in Europe with transparent headlights, newer rear lights and new interior. A station wagon imported from Argentina was also launched, as well as a Brazilian-made Pick Up variant. With the introduction of the Corsa III, however, the older Corsa was no longer manufactured in European GM plants. This generation Corsa was remaining in production in Mexico, Brazil and Argentina. In 2004, Mexican designers redesigned the Chevy inside and outside and upgraded the 1.6-liter engine to reach 98 bhp. This newer Chevrolet was called C2 as a reference to the Corvette generations. In July 2008, a new facelift made in Detroit makes its debut into the new 2009 Chevy, available in 3- and 5-door hatchback, and 4-door sedan bodies.

Nissan Tsuru[edit]

Main article: Nissan Sentra


2010 Nissan Sentra

The Datsun 160J was a mid-size saloon that sold well but did not meet the sales number benchmark set by its successor. In 1984 the first Nissan Sentra was launched as a replacement of the 160J under the name "Tsuru", Japanese for crane. While the Tsuru was quickly accepted by Mexicans as a comfortable and affordable choice of car, it did not replace the VW Sedán as the top-selling car in Mexico.

A second-generation Tsuru was launched in 1989, with a more square-shaped and larger design. Neither generations, however, managed to replace to become the best-selling car in Mexico.

The third generation Tsuru (the Sentra III) was introduced in 1992. This Tsuru featured a more rounded 1990s type design scheme. Soon the third generation Tsuru came to be known as powerful and comfortable, yet affordable. With the Chevrolet Corsa in 1994, however, the Tsuru had a new rival. It didn't take so long for it to overpass the Chevy, and soon the Sedán. It reached the top at number 1 in 1998 and it didn't missed until 2005, with the VW Pointer. The Nissan Platina was thought to be its successor, but the incredible sales ranking of the Tsuru kept the Platina as another option. The Renault-based Platina remains to date on the top 10.

Tsuru remains the most popular choice for city taxi cab drivers in Mexico (Airport and hotel taxis usually consist of higher end vehicles) and the MkIII it's the current longest-running sold car in the country (18 years).

Volkswagen Jetta (Volkswagen Clásico from 2010 onwards)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Jetta
2010 Volkswagen Jetta Europa

The first Jetta was renamed Atlantic in Mexican territory. It had good sales so Volkswagen decided start manufacturing this car in their factory at Puebla, Mexico. In late 1998 the fourth generation Jetta (called Bora in Europe) reached Mexico. The car presented a new design which didn't appeal initially to Mexicans. However, good marketing tactics and phrases like "No cambies, evoluciona" (Don't change, evolve) made Mexico change quickly its opinion and for the first time, a mid-sized vehicle reaching the Mexican top selling 10; the Jetta converted into a hit, reaching Mexico's top four best-seller. The catch phrase "Todo mundo tiene un Jetta, al menos en la cabeza" (Everyone has a Jetta, at least in their mind) came reality at such point it's common to see many Jettas driving nearby in the street. The car's success was such that it couldn't be replaced in 2005 by the Jetta V, which adopted the Bora moniker so the Jetta IV continued on sale. Both cars achieved even greater success in their later years: Jetta IV placed number one for a month on June 2009, and Bora has kept among the top five since 2008. A redesigned Jetta was released in 2009, and placed a new slogan "Porque el corazón no da explicaciones" (Because the heart gives no reasons).

On July 22, 2010, the sixth generation Jetta was released. As of August 2010, Mexico is the only country in the world where fourth, fifth and sixth generation Jettas are being sold at the same time. Bora is expected to leave dealerships by 2011, but Jetta IV may be still offered afterwards due to its high sales. Incidentally, Volkswagen changed this version's moniker to simply Clásico (Spanish for "classic"). The now Volkswagen Clásico is expected to continue on sale for at least 2013.

Volkswagen Sedán[edit]

A Volkswagen Sedán.
Main article: Volkswagen Beetle


The first Volkswagen car sold in Mexico was the 1954 Beetle, called Sedán in this country. The popularity of the Beetle made VW to build its own factory in the state of Puebla, Mexico. In the early 80s, Mexico and Brazil were the only countries producing the Beetle (Sedán in Mexico, Fusca in Brazil), so many foreigner enthusiasts used to import the car and keep it as a collectible. Brazil stopped producing the Fusca in 1997, and Mexico became the sole producer.

Volkswagen broadcast a minute-length farewell TV ad with people waving goodbye to the Sedán as it made its way through the avenue.

On July 30, 2003 the last Beetle came out from the Puebla factory closing a chapter in the automobile history. The 3000th last edition Sedán was given to Pope John Paul II and now resides in the Volkswagen museum in Germany.

Companies with official representation brands in Mexico[edit]

This is a brief history of the car makers in this country.

Bayerische Motoren Werke AG[edit]

Brands BMW and Mini.

See: BMW Mexico

Chrysler Group, LLC[edit]

Brands Chrysler, Dodge and Jeep; and vehicles by Hyundai (until 2014).

Chrysler entered Mexico around 1937. In the 60s the company was renamed as Automex and then in the 70s to Chrysler de México. The latest models are launched just after the United States. It sells several brands as Dodge, Chrysler, Jeep, Smart, Maybach, Mitsubishi (in partnership). It sold Hyundai passenger cars, cargo vans, and passenger vans under a "by Dodge" badge. Hyundai had no official representation in Mexico until 2014 so Hyundai cars were sold under Dodge's badge. Strangely enough, the Dodge Ramcharger 2-door SUV was popular in the Mexican market. Chrysler even developed a version of the Ramcharger based on the 1994 Ram not offered in the US due to the popularity of 2-door SUV's in Mexico, and the lack of market in the US.

For many years, Dodge vehicles were sometimes rebadged as Chryslers.

First Automobile Works[edit]

Brands FAW.
Despite offering the cheapest vehicles in Mexico FAW has seen extremely poor sales amounting to less than 2,300 nationwide as of 2010.

The first Chinese car maker in Mexico was introduced in January 2008 through the convenience stores Elektra, owned by Grupo Salinas. Though the F1 is the cheapest automobile in the country, FAW received very poor sales in comparison with popular brands such as GM, Volkswagen and Nissan. While some have dismissed FAW due to its origin and the main purpose of economy, some have supported the maker by showing videos recorded during the EuroNCAP tests for the F5. Its current slogan is "impulsa tus sueños" (impulse your dreams) and is marketed towards people unable to afford an expensive car. FAW initially planned to install a factory in Mexico to produce up over 100,000 vehicles annually however after the company saw such poor sales, they cancelled the plan. FAW has since left Mexico.

Fiat S.p.A.[edit]

Brands Ferrari, Fiat and Maserati.

Fiat re-entered Mexico in 2004 with collaboration of General Motors, before its commercial rupture. Fiat hadn't achieved a good rank of sales due of having one single model until the beginning of 2006. The Punto's introduction meant a hit for the maker.

Ferrari entered the country in 1998 with the F355 Spider. The Enzo Ferrari, arrived in early 2004 to the former dealership at Avenida de los Insurgentes (now Alfa Romeos) in Mexico City and costing $1,285,000 US dollars. Five units were sold. Furthermore, Ferrari chose Chiapas to test its F430 in 2004 before it came out. Curiously, it is the only maker to offer its entire catalogue in Mexico.

Ford Motor Company[edit]

Brands Ford, Lincoln, Mercury and Volvo.

Ford Motor Company México had great sales during the '50s, '60s and '70s, before being overtaken by General Motors. It used to hold the second place in sales. For several decades, Ford sold various successful Mercury models under a Ford badge, most notoriously the Mercury Zephyr as the Ford Elite II (with a Ford Granada front end), Grand Marquis, Cougar, Topaz (an upmarket Ford Tempo) and Ghia (an upmarket Mercury Topaz).

From 1996, Lincoln dealerships became Lincoln-Mercury dealerships selling both brands.

For a time, the hot hatch Focus ST was the only hatchback Focus available there. It offers a 2.5i 5-cylinder engine, as with European versions, being Mexico the only country in America in which Ford offers this European version which is imported from Germany. Family versions were released with 2 trim levels and a 2.0i petrol engine. This is not the same as the Focus sold in United States, which is based on the 1998–2005 original version.

The European Ford Mondeo appeared in 2003, although it was different from the mainland Europe version; being more luxurious, it sold for approximately £20,000 for a 2.0i model.

Their successful Ikon (sedan version of the Fiesta II) remained as a favorite for low income families, sharing a similar success with the next generation in 2005, the Fiesta III Sedan. However, it is the Brazilian mini SUV Ecosport which now holds the Ford's best seller title. The latest Mustang remains a favourite between men in their 20s and 30s, as its previous generations did.

In 2010, the Taurus badge returned to Mexico after a 12-year absence.

Fuji Heavy Industries Group[edit]

Brands Subaru.

General Motors Company[edit]

Brands Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Hummer, Pontiac and Saab and vehicles by GM Daewoo and Opel.

General Motors was the sales leader in Mexico until 2009, when Nissan overtook GM, becoming the new sales leader in Mexico.[7] From the early '60s to early '90s Chevrolet was the only brand available, even in the 90s when GM sold Buicks and Oldsmobiles under the Chevrolet brand (e.g. the Buick Century as the Chevrolet Century Limited and the Oldsmobile Cutlass Ciera as the Chevrolet Cutlass and Chevrolet Eurosport). The second formal brand to re-enter the market was Cadillac in 1991, and several other brands throughout the decade.

GM sells several brands like Chevrolet, Cadillac, GMC, Saab, Pontiac, etc., and GM Daewoo and Opel under the Chevrolet brand name. The success of the Chevrolet Chevy (C2 redesigned in Mexico) kept this maker at the top 1 from 1995 until 2009.[7] Chevrolet was one of the first carmakers to establish in Mexico. Previously all Buick, Oldsmobile and GMC vehicles were marketed as Chevrolet.

GM introduced the previous Daewoo Matiz to Mexico under the name Pontiac Matiz, but now the newest Matiz is sold under the Chevrolet logo in Europe. With the G3 and Aveo, GM became the same brand to offer exactly the same car model in Mexico in such a fashion as Saturn does in the United States.

The Hummer H1 was available for the Mexican Army through the 90s. With the late 2007 scandal involving former president Vicente Fox (portraying him as the owner of diverse vehicles from unknown funds, notably a Hummer), jokes referring to the Hummer became popular throughout the country. After the Pontiac brand stops production of all cars in late 2010 as GM announced, Buick is expected to replace Pontiac in the Mexican market and become the partner brand together with GMC as most dealerships in Mexico are GMC-Pontiac.

Saab has a reputation similar to Volvo's. Both brands are respected for their safety concept and Swedish design. They left in 2010 due to Spyker buying out the firm.

First Opel car in Mexico was the Rekord in the 60s. The maker was retired from the country from 1972 until 1994, when GM introduced the Opel Corsa and changed the denomination to Chevrolet Chevy. The Catera became a successful model in Mexico during the 90's. Nowadays the Escalade is the top selling of the maker.

Honda Motor Company, Ltd.[edit]

Brands Acura and Honda.

Hyundai Motor Company[edit]

Brands Hyundai.

Hyundai Motor México entered the Mexican market in 2014 with the Hyundai Grand i10, the Hyundai Elantra, and the Hyundai ix35. Soon afterwards, the Hyundai Sonata joined the lineup. Prior to the introduction of the Hyundai brand for non-commercial vehicles, Hyundai passenger vehicles, light-duty cargo vans, and passenger vans were distributed by Chrysler de México, branded as Dodge.

Isuzu Motors, Ltd.[edit]

Isuzu Motors de México started operations in November 2005, thanks to the Economic Partnership Agreement that had been signed by Mexico and Japan. Isuzu is the first Japanese commercial vehicle manufacturer to enter Mexico, and it's a Joint Venture between Isuzu Motors Limited (51%) and Mitsubishi Corporation (49%). The company started sales with the ELF in 3 different versions: ELF 300 with payload capacity of 3.4ton, ELF 400 for 4 ton payload and ELF 450 for 4.5 ton. Since then the brand has expand throughout the country, as of 2008 has 27 dealers and will start assembly operations of the model ELF 600 in 2009.

GM Mexico sold Isuzu pick-up truck as Chevrolet Luv imported from Chile (GM Chile). Single Cab and Crew Cab 4x2, 2.3 cc Petrol. The sirst South American compact truck (before Ford Ranger and Toyota Hilux from Argentina).

Jaguar Land Rover[edit]

Brands Jaguar Cars and Land Rover.

The X-Type is the most successful Jaguar in the country with a price range of US$40,000. Very few Jaguars are sold per year however (less than 1000) as the company has faced stiff competition from Mercedes Benz and BMW who have domestic manufacturing facilities in Mexico. The SUV maker Land Rover is very popular between the middle and high class in Mexico. The LR3 and the Freelander are the most successful models.

Mazda Motor Corporation[edit]

Mazda was introduced in Mexico in November 2005 with the aid of the Mazda3 and Mazda6 then current generations.

While it was common to spot illegal B2000 pick-ups and 626 sedans on the streets, Mazda vehicles were virtually unknown in Mexico. This led to an unexpected sales range when the Mazda3 was introduced; both hatchback and notchback versions became a success among youngsters.

Throughout 2007 and 2008, Mazda fulfilled most of its clients' requests by presenting the MPV Mazda5, the SUVs CX-7 and CX-9, and the popular roadster Miata, rebadged MX-5. Though coupé RX-8 had been also considered, the modifications needed to achieve good performance in the Valley of Mexico led the idea to be dropped. The only RX-8 delivered by Mazda Motor de México to an individual was raffled by Mazda itself in 2008.

The new generation Mazda3 and the CX-7 have kept Mazda among the most successful brands in Mexico; Mazda6 and MX-5 maintain regular sales, while Mazda5 and CX-9 have the weakest.

Mercedes-Benz[edit]

See: Mercedes-Benz Mexico

Mitsubishi Motors[edit]

Mitsubishi entered Mexico in 2003 with the previous Galant and Montero. Mitsubishi has had success with the SUV's Endeavor and Outlander, and, recently with the Lancer.

PSA Peugeot Citroën[edit]

Brands Peugeot and a vehicle by Citroën.

Peugeot returned to Mexico in 1997 with the 306 Saloon. The 206 has had very good sales although having the Renault Clio as its hardest contender. Peugeots achieve a good sales ranking mostly because of their design.

Renault-Nissan Alliance (Renault S.A. and Nissan Motor Company, Ltd.)[edit]

Brands Nissan and Renault, and vehicles by Dacia, Infiniti and Samsung.

Nissan is a well-known maker in Mexico and number one in sales,[7] for its model Tsuru II, based on the 1991–94 Sentra and being facelifted every four years. This car is especially prized by taxicab companies for being affordable (around $97,000 MXN or $9000 USD), strong, spacious, fast and trustworthy. This has kept it on the top 1 of sales since the 90s, and that has kept Nissan on the top sales in the country. With the Renault-Nissan Alliance, Nissan México designed the Platina, based on the Renault Clio Symbol. The Platina is now an option for Mexican families which want more space for a small price. Nissan Mexicana sell Dacia Logan as Nissan Aprio made by Renault Brazil. Nissan sells also one Infiniti car.

First established in 1959, Renault cars were quite successful during the late 70s and early 80s, being their R5 (nicknamed "zapatito" or "little shoe") and R12 well-known within the Mexican people. The French pronunciation of the marque was mis-conceived as "Reh-nol", "Roh-nol" and even "Roh-ñol". Renault remained successful until 1986, when it left the country because of financial reasons. Following the steps of Mercedes-Benz and most notably Peugeot, Renault returned to Mexico in late 1999 through the Mexican Autoshow (then Autoexpo) of 1999, where they offered the first generation Mégane Scénic's (or simply Scénic) test-drive, a feature seen for the first time in the Autoshow. This vehicle, known for being the first mid-size MPV, was introduced in 2000, and seeing a warm welcome by the Mexican buyers. The small family sedan Mégane followed next year, along with their best seller Clio's sportive version, the Clio II Renault Sport. Regarding the success of the hot hatch, Renault decided to present their Mexican-made Clio II, featuring the 2001 restyling (though the 1998 original dashboard), dark gray rims and a unique 1.6i mounted on other Renaults in order to resist Mexico's central states' heights. The Nissan factory in Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes is used to assemble the Clio, Nissan's Clio sedan version the Platina and, formerly, the previous Scénic. A facelifted Clio was introduced on late 2006 featuring new front and rear end and new interior design (from the European 2001 version) programmed to remain on sale, as in most countries, until 2010. Ironically, this Clio II outlasted new Clio's presence on the Mexican market. It is one of the two remaining French Renaults, since the Mégane II hatch has stopped production in Spain. Korean Koleos, Safrane and Fluence, and Colombian Sandero are expected to replace all French models by 2012.

Suzuki Motor Corporation[edit]

Suzuki arrived to Mexico in 2005 thanks to free trade between Japan and Mexico in October 2005, the first dealer started operations selling two models Grand Vitara V6 2006 MY and Aerio 4DR 2006 MY. The actual dealer network consist in 40 agencies length and breadth of the country. The Grand Vitara is still having great success and led the maker to import the Swift, also a successful model. Actually this make offers in México 5 products with many different options, Swift GL MT, GLS MT & GLS AT, SX4 Crossover MT & CVT, SX4 Sedán MT & CVT, Kizashi CVT and Grand Vitara GL AT, Grand Vitara HIMALAYA AT, GLS AT & 4X4 AT all 2012 MY.

Toyota Motor Corporation[edit]

Toyota entered Mexico in early 2002, with the Camry and Corolla. The maker was known in the country for the pick-ups and cars imported from the United States. The Toyota Tacoma is built in manufacturing plant in Tecate, Tijuana; Baja California, Mexico and San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A. The Corolla and the RAV4, as in the rest of the world, are very successful.

Volkswagen Group[edit]

Brands Audi, Bentley, Lamborghini, SEAT and Volkswagen.

Volkswagen is a sales leader in Mexico, just behind Nissan and GM. The commercial success of the models Pointer, Jetta and Lupo increase considerably this carmaker's sales. Volkswagen hasn't introduced the ultra-luxury brands Lamborghini and Bugatti in Mexico (which may only be bought through specialist car dealers in major cities), however Audi and Bentley are having good sales numbers in Mexico.

Audis are very popular amongst Mexican youths and business people. The most successful models are the A4 and the A3 Sportback.

The Spanish carmaker SEAT arrived to Mexico in 2001 with the Ibiza. It has been very successful in Mexico, the strong sellers are the Ibiza and the León (new 1.4 and 1.8 TSi variants have been recently introduced). The Seat Córdoba will be produced from next year in the Volkswagen assembly plant in Puebla as the 2.0 Tiptronic variant.

Volkswagen was introduced in Mexico in 1954 to sell the popular Beetle. A major investor in Volkswagen de Mexico dealership was Prince Alfonso von Hohenlohe. The Type 1 was officially called Sedán and commonly called "Vocho" as an abbreviation of Volkswagen.

Volkswagen recently introduced the Jetta TDi with 1.9 Diesel engine that is the second diesel-engineered car in Mexico since the Volkswagen Caribe Diesel (1979–1983) which was slow-selling in this country. Unfortunately the sales of the Jetta TDi (which has a huge number of sales on its 2.0i edition) are in small numbers, encouraging to its end in this country. VW is trying to convince government and environmental authorities of the advantages of using diesel to encourage the reduction of taxes and other stimulations to increase the sales of the TDi.

Mainstream carmakers[edit]

Notes:

  • If a car's retiring year reads 2009 and its availability cell is coloured green, it means no more units will be produced nor imported, but the last units are still on sale.
  • If a car has no retiring year marked but its availability cell is coloured red, it means either that car is in the middle of a restyling or the maker is waiting for new units to arrive.
  • No future dates shall be given.
  • Family, executive and leisure cars are found below, following Mexican body configurations: microauto (microcar), auto de ciudad (city car), subcompacto (supermini), compacto (small family car), mediano (large family car), lujo (executive car), miniván (MPV by size), SUV (by size), pick-up (by size), van (small LAV), van mediana (light van) and van larga (van). Sport cars are found on the lower part of each table following the same format and including (if any): roadster and coupé. Convertibles may not be considered sport cars.
  • Blue link/text indicates a car whose brand and name are/were the same as the original model.
  • Green link/text indicates a car whose name is/was different as its original market.
  • Gamboge link/text indicates a car whose brand is/was different as its original market.
  • Dark red link/text indicates a car whose both brand and name are/were different from its original market.

Japan Acura[8][edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
TSX Sedan 2009 I4 2.4i 240 hp M Japan Sayama, Saitama Yes
TL III Sedan 2005 2008 V6 3.2i 258 hp M United States Marysville, Ohio No
TL IV Sedan 2008 V6 3.5i 280 hp M United States Marysville, Ohio Yes
TL IV Sedan 2008 V6 3.7i 305 hp M United States Marysville, Ohio Yes
RL II Sedan 2005 V6 3.7i 305 hp M Yes
RDX SUV 2006 V6 3.7i 305 hp M United States Marysville, Ohio Yes
MDX SUV 2007 V6 3.7i 305 hp M Canada Alliston, Ontario Yes

Germany Audi[9] (1997–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
A1 Hatchback 2010 I4 1.4t 122 hp A/M Belgium Brussels Yes
A3 Typ 8L Hatchback 1997 2004 M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria No
A3 Typ 8P Hatchback 2005 M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria
Belgium Brussels
Yes
A3 Typ 8P Sportback Station wagon 2006 M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria
Belgium Brussels
Yes
A3 Typ 8P Cabriolet Convertible 2008 M Belgium Brussels Yes
A4 B5 Notchback 1997 2001 M No
A4 B5 Avant Station Wagon 1997 2001 M No
A4 B6 Notchback 2001 2005 M No
A4 B6 Cabriolet Convertible 2003 2006 M No
A4 B7 Notchback 2006 2008 M No
A4 B8 Notchback 2008 M Yes
A5 B8 Coupé 2009 M Yes
A5 B8 Sportback Fastback 2009 M Yes
Q5 Typ 8R SUV 2008 M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria Yes
A6 C5 Saloon 1997 2004 M No
A6 C6 Saloon 2005 M Yes
A7 Fastback 2010 M Yes
Q7 Typ 4L SUV 2005 M Slovakia Bratislava Yes
A8 D2 Saloon 1997 2002 M No
A8 D3 Saloon 2003 2009 M No
A8 D4 Saloon 2010 M Yes
TT Typ 8N Coupé 2000 M No
TT Typ 8N Roadster 2000 M No
TT Typ 8J Coupé 2006 M Yes
S3 Hot hatch 2008 I4 1.8T 222 hp M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria No
S3 Typ 8L Hot hatch 2006 I4 2.0T 261 hp M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria Yes
S4 B6 Saloon 2003 2004 V8 4.2S 339 hp M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria No
S4 B7 Saloon 2005 2007 V8 4.2S 339 hp M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria No
S4 B8 Saloon 2008 V6 3.0S 329 hp M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria Yes
S5 B8 Coupé 2010 M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria Yes
RS5 B8 Coupé 2010 M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria Yes
S6 C6 Saloon 2007 V10 5.2S 429 hp M Germany Ingolstadt, Bavaria Yes
RS6 C5 Saloon 2003 2004 V8 4.2T 444 hp No
S8 D2 Saloon No
R8 Coupé 2009 V8 4.2i 414 hp M Germany Neckarsulm, Baden-Württemberg Yes
R8 Coupé 2010 V10 5.2i 518 hp M Germany Neckarsulm, Baden-Württemberg Yes

United Kingdom Bentley (2008–present)[10][edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine(s) Transmission(s) Origin Available?
Mulsanne Saloon 2011 V8 6.8i 530 hp M England Crewe, Cheshire Yes
Continental GT Coupé 2008 2010 W12 6.0i 602 hp M England Crewe, Cheshire No
Continental GT II Coupé 2011 W12 6.0i 602 hp M England Crewe, Cheshire Yes
Continental Flying Spur Saloon 2008 W12 6.0i 602 hp M England Crewe, Cheshire Yes

Germany BMW[11] (1997–present)[edit]

  • 1-Series The 120i and 130i are available in 3- and 5-door Hatchback, 125i and 135i are available as Coupé. The 1-series Convertible is scheduled to be introduced next December
  • 3-Series The 325i and 335i are available as Sedan, Coupé and Convertible
  • 5-Series The 525i, 530i, and 550i are available only as Sedan
  • 6-Series The 650i is available as Coupé and Convertible
  • 7-Series The 750i is available in short- and long-wheelbase bodies, while the 760i is available only as a long-wheelbase sedan
  • M3 Available as Sedan and Coupé
  • M5 Available as Sedan only
  • M6 Available as Coupé and Convertible
  • X3 2.5 and 3.0 variants are available
  • X5 3.0 and 4.8 variants are available as 5 or 7-seater SUV
  • X6 3.0i, 4.8i
  • Z4; 2.0i, 3.0i
  • Z4 M Coupé

United States Cadillac[12] (1991–present)[edit]

United States Chevrolet[13] (1923–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
Spark Hatchback 2010 I4 1.2 80 hp S Yes
Chevy Hatchback 1994 I4 1.6 100 hp S/A Mexico Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila Yes
Monza Notchback 1996 I4 1.6 100 hp S/A Mexico Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila Yes
Chevy Station wagon 1996 2002 I4 1.6 100 hp S/A Mexico Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila No
Aveo Notchback 2008 I4 1.6 110 hp S/A Mexico San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí Yes
Corsa C Hatchback 2002 2005 I4 1.4 89 hp S/A Brazil São Caetano do Sul, São Paulo No
Corsa C Notchback 2002 2008 I4 1.8 123 hp S/A Brazil São Caetano do Sul, São Paulo No
Optra Notchback 2008 2010 I4 1.8 120 hp S No
Cruze Notchback 2010 S/A Yes
Astra G Hatchback 2001 2005 S/A Belgium Antwerp, Flanders No
Astra G Notchback 2001 2005 S/A Belgium Antwerp, Flanders No
Astra G Station wagon 2001 2003 S/A Belgium Antwerp, Flanders No
Astra H Hatchback 2006 2008 S/A Belgium Antwerp, Flanders No
Astra H Saloon 2006 2008 S/A Belgium Antwerp, Flanders No
Epica Saloon 2007 2008 A No
Malibu IV Saloon 1978 1983 Mexico Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila No
Malibu IV Coupé 1978 1983 Mexico Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila No
Malibu V Saloon 1997 2003 No
Malibu VI Saloon 2005 2007 United States Kansas City, Kansas No
Malibu VII Saloon 2008 Yes
HHR SUV 2006 2009 Mexico Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila No
Camaro IV Coupé 1993 2002 V6 3.4 160 hp S/A Canada Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec No
Camaro V Coupé 2010 V8 6.2 426 hp S/A Canada Oshawa, Ontario Yes
Corvette C5 Coupé 1997 2005 V8 5.7 350 hp S United States Bowling Green, Kentucky No
Corvette C6 Coupé 2006 V8 6.2 426 hp A United States Bowling Green, Kentucky Yes

United States Chrysler[14] (1929–present)[edit]

United States Dodge[15] (1928–present)[edit]

China FAW (2008–2010)[16][edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine(s) Transmission(s) Origin Available?
F1 Hatchback 2008 2010 I3 1.0i 65 hp S China Changchun, Jilin No
F4 Notchback 2008 2010 I3 1.0i 65 hp S China Changchun, Jilin No
F5 Hatchback 2008 2010 I4 1.5i 101 hp S China Changchun, Jilin No
F5 Notchback 2008 2010 I4 1.5i 101 hp S China Changchun, Jilin No

Italy Ferrari[17] (1998–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
California Coupé-cabrio 2009 V8 4.3i 453 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna Yes
360 Módena Coupé 1999 2005 V8 3.6i 400 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No
360 Spider Cabrio 1999 2005 V8 3.6i 400 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No
360 Challenge Stradale Coupé 2004 2005 V8 3.6i 420 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No
F430 Coupé Coupé 2005 V8 4.3i 490 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna Yes
F430 Spider Spider 2005 V8 4.3i 490 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna Yes
F430 Scuderia Coupé 2005 2009 V8 4.3i 508 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No
F430 Scuderia 16M Spider 2008 2009 V8 4.3i 503 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No
458 Italia Coupé 2010 V8 4.5i 560 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna Yes
550 Maranello Coupé 1999 2002 V12 5.5i 485 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No
550 Barchetta Coupé 1999 2002 V12 5.5i 485 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No
575M Maranello Coupé 2003 2006 V12 5.7i 508 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No
575M Superamerica Coupé 2007 2007 V12 5.7i 530 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No
599 GTB Fiorano Coupé 2008 V12 6.0i 620 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna Yes
456M Coupé 1999 2004 V12 5.5i 442 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No
612 Scaglietti Coupé 2005 V12 5.7i 540 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna Yes
Enzo Coupé 2003 2004 V12 6.0i 660 hp S Italy Maranello, Emilia-Romagna No

Italy Fiat[18] (2005–present)[edit]

United States Ford[19] (1925–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
Ka Hatchback 2001 2008 I4 1.6i 94 hp S Brazil São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo No
Fiesta IV Hatchback 1998 2002 S Brazil São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo No
Fiesta IV Ikon Notchback 2001 2007 S Mexico Cuautitlán Izcalli, Mexico No
Fiesta V Hatchback 2002 2007 S Brazil Camaçari, Bahia No
Fiesta V Ikon Notchback 2005 S Brazil Camaçari, Bahia Yes
Fiesta VI Hatchback 2010 S/A Mexico Cuautitlán Izcalli, Mexico Yes
Fiesta VI Sedán Notchback 2010 S/A Mexico Cuautitlán Izcalli, Mexico Yes
Focus Hatchback 2000 2004 S/A Mexico Hermosillo, Sonora No
Focus Notchback 2000 2007 S/A Mexico Hermosillo, Sonora No
Focus Station wagon 2000 2004 S/A Mexico Hermosillo, Sonora No
Focus II Hatchback 2009 2011 S/A Argentina General Pacheco, Argentina Yes
Focus II Hatchback 2007 2011 S/A Argentina General Pacheco, Argentina Yes
Mondeo III Notchback 2002 2006 S/A Belgium Genk, Limburg No No

United States GMC[18][edit]

Japan Honda[20] (1995–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
Fit I Hatchback 2005 2008 No
Fit II Hatchback 2009 Yes
City V Notchback 2009 Yes
Civic VI Notchback 1997 1999 No
Civic VII Notchback 2000 2005 No
Civic VIII Notchback 2006 2011 No
Civic IX Notchback 2012 Yes
Accord V Notchback No
Accord VI Notchback No
Accord VII Notchback No
Accord VIII Notchback Yes
CR-V II SUV No
CR-V III SUV 2007 Yes
Pilot I SUV 2004 2008 No
Pilot II SUV 2008 Yes
Odyssey II SUV 2000 2004 United States Lincoln, Alabama No
Odyssey III MPV 2004 United States Lincoln, Alabama Yes

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United States Hummer[21] (2006–2010)[edit]

Japan Isuzu[22][edit]

United Kingdom Jaguar[23][edit]

United States Jeep (1994–present)[edit]

Italy Lamborghini (2010–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
Gallardo LP 560-4 Coupé 2010 V10 5.2i 552 hp Italy Sant'Agata Bolognese, Emilia-Romagna Yes
Gallardo LP 560-4 Spyder Cabrio 2010 V10 5.2i 552 hp Italy Sant'Agata Bolognese, Emilia-Romagna Yes
Gallardo LP 570-4 Superleggera Coupé 2010 V10 5.2i 562 hp Italy Sant'Agata Bolognese, Emilia-Romagna Yes
Murciélago LP 640 Coupé 2010 2011 V12 6.5i 631 hp Italy Sant'Agata Bolognese, Emilia-Romagna No
Murciélago LP 640 Roadster Cabrio 2010 2011 V12 6.5i 631 hp Italy Sant'Agata Bolognese, Emilia-Romagna No
Murciélago LP 670-4 SuperVeloce Coupé 2010 2011 V12 6.5i 661 hp Italy Sant'Agata Bolognese, Emilia-Romagna No

United Kingdom Land Rover[edit]

United States Lincoln (1991–present)[edit]

The Navigator is Lincoln's most popular and successful car in Mexico.

ItalyMaserati (1998–present)[edit]

Mexico Mastretta[24] (1989–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
MXA Coupé 1998 1998 B4 1.6i 44 hp S Mexico Mexico City No
MXB Coupé 1998 1998 B4 1.6i 44 hp S Mexico Mexico City No
MXT Coupé 2011 L4 2.0ti 250 hp S Mexico Ocoyoacac, Mexico Yes

Japan Mazda[25] (2005–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission Origin Available?
2 DE Hatchback 2011 No
3 Hatchback 2006 2008 L4 2.0i 148 hp S No
3 Notchback 2006 2008 L4 2.0i 148 hp S No
3 II Hatchback 2009 L4 2.0i 148 hp S Yes
3 Notchback 2009 L4 2.0i 148 hp S Yes
5 II MPV No
5 III MPV 2011 Yes
6 Saloon No
6 Saloon Yes
CX-7 SUV Yes
CX-9 SUV Yes
MX-5 Roadster Yes
Mazdaspeed3 Hot hatch Yes

Germany Mercedes-Benz (1984–present)[edit]

United States Mercury (1994–2011)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
Mariner II 4X2 SUV 2007 2011 V6 3.0i 240 hp M United States Claycomo, Missouri No
Mariner II 4WD SUV 2007 2011 V6 3.0i 240 hp M United States Claycomo, Missouri No

United Kingdom MINI (2002–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
Cooper II Coupé 2008 L4 1.6i 118 hp S/M England Oxford, Oxfordshire Yes
Cabrio II Coupé 2008 L4 1.6i 118 hp S/M England Oxford, Oxfordshire Yes
Cooper II S Coupé 2008 L4 1.6i 172 hp S/M England Oxford, Oxfordshire Yes
Clubman II S Station wagon 2008 L4 1.6i 172 hp S/M England Oxford, Oxfordshire Yes
Cabrio II S Coupé 2008 L4 1.6i 118 hp S/M England Oxford, Oxfordshire Yes
John Cooper Works Coupé 2008 L4 1.6i 208 hp S England Oxford, Oxfordshire Yes
John Cooper Works Cabrio 2008 L4 1.6i 208 hp S England Oxford, Oxfordshire Yes

Japan Mitsubishi (2003–present)[edit]

Japan Nissan (1984–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine options Transmission options Origin Available?
Micra K12 Hatchback I4 1.4i 88 hp S No
Aprio Notchback 2008 I4 1.6i 101 hp S/A Brazil São José dos Pinhais, Paraná Yes
Platina Notchback 2002 2010 I4 1.6i 110 hp S/A Mexico Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes No
Tsuru B11 Notchback 1984 1986 S Mexico Cuernavaca, Morelos No
Tsuru B11 Coupé 1984 1986 S Mexico Cuernavaca, Morelos No
Tsuru B12 Notchback 1986 1990 S Mexico Cuernavaca, Morelos No
Tsuru B12 Station wagon 1986 1990 S Mexico Cuernavaca, Morelos No
Tsuru B13 Notchback 1993 I4 1.6i 105 hp S Mexico Cuernavaca, Morelos Yes
Tsubame B13 Station wagon 1993 2004 I4 1.6i 105 hp S Mexico Cuernavaca, Morelos Yes
Sentra B14 Notchback 1995 1999 S Mexico Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes No
Sentra B15 Notchback 2000 2006 S Mexico Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes No
Sentra B16 Notchback 2007 S/CVT Mexico Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes Yes
Almera N16 Hatchback 2001 2006 S England Sunderland, Tyne and Wear No
Tiida Hatchback 2006 I4 1.8i 125 hp S/A Mexico Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes
Mexico Cuernavaca, Morelos
Yes
Tiida Notchback 2006 I4 1.8i 125 hp S/A Mexico Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes
Mexico Cuernavaca, Morelos
Yes
Rogue SUV 2006 I4 2.5i 160 hp S/A Japan Yes

France Peugeot[26] (1958–1962; 1997–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine options Transmission options Origin Available?
206 Hatchback 2002 2009 I4 1.4i 75 hp S/A No
206 Hatchback 2002 2009 I4 1.6i 110 hp S/A No
206 CC Coupé-cabrio 2002 2006 I4 1.6i 110 hp S/A No
207 Compact Hatchback 2009 I4 1.6i 110 hp S/A Yes
207 Compact Notchback 2009 I4 1.6i 110 hp S/A Yes
207 Hatchback 2009 2009 S/A No
207 CC Hatchback 2009 2009 S/A No
306 Notchback 1997 2002 S/A No
307 Hatchback 2002 2009 S/A No
307 Notchback 2005 2010 S/A No
307 SW Station wagon 2002 2005 S/A No
307 CC Coupé-cabrio 2003 2009 S/A No
308 Hatchback 2009 S/A Yes
308 CC Coupé-cabrio 2010 Yes
405 Saloon 1997 1998 S/A No
406 Saloon 1998 2004 S/A No
406 Coupé Coupé 1999 2005 S/A No
407 Saloon 2005 2012 S/A No
508 Saloon 2012 S/A Yes
607 Saloon 2003 2008 S/A No
3008 MPV 2010 S/A Yes
207 RC Hot hatch 2009 2009 S No
RCZ Coupé 2010 I4 1.6ti 197 hp S Yes

United States Pontiac (1994–2010)[edit]

Germany Porsche[27] (1995–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine options Transmission options Country of origin Available?
986 Boxster Roadster 1997 2004 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
986 Boxster S Roadster 1997 2004 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
987 Boxster Roadster 2005 S/A/PDK Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg Yes
987 Boxster S Roadster 2005 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg Yes
987 Cayman Coupé 2005 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg Yes
987 Cayman S Coupé 2005 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg Yes
987 Cayman S Coupé 2005 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg Yes
993 Carrera Coupé 1997 1998 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
993 Turbo Coupé 1997 1998 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
996 Carrera Coupé 1998 2004 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
996 Carrera S Coupé 1998 2004 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
996 Carrera 4S Coupé 1998 2004 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
996 Cabrio Cabrio 1998 2004 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
996 Turbo Coupé 1998 2004 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
996 GT3 Coupé 2000 2004 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
996 GT2 Coupé 2000 2004 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg No
997 Carrera Coupé 2005 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg Yes
997 Turbo Coupé 2005 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg Yes
997 GT3 Coupé 2005 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg Yes
997 GT2 Coupé 2005 S Germany Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg Yes

United Kingdom Radical[28][edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine options Transmission options Origin Available?
SR3 RS Racecar 2009 L4 1.5i 265 hp S England Westwood, Cambridgeshire Yes

France Renault[29] (1963–1984; 2000–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine options Transmission options Origin Available?
R4 Hatchback 1961 1970 S Mexico Ciudad Sahagún, Hidalgo No
R5 Hatchback 1972 1984 I4 1.3i 59 hp S Mexico Ciudad Sahagún, Hidalgo No
Sandero Hatchback 2010 I4 1.6i 101 hp S/A Brazil São José dos Pinhais, Paraná Yes
Clio II Hatchback 2002 2010 I4 1.6i 110 hp S/A Mexico Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes No
Clio III Hatchback 2006 2008 I4 1.6i 110 hp S/A France Strasbourg, Alsace No
Encore Hatchback 1984 1986 I4 1.7i 89 hp S Mexico Mexico, Distrito Federal No
Alliance Notchback 1984 1986 I4 1.4i 59 hp S Mexico Mexico, Distrito Federal No
Scala Notchback 2010 I4 1.6i 101 hp S/A South Korea Busan, Yeongnam Yes
Mégane Notchback 2000 2004 I4 2.0i 140 hp S/A Turkey Bursa, Bursa No
Mégane II Hatchback 2003 2009 I4 2.0i 140 hp S/A Spain Palencia, Castile and León No
Mégane II Notchback 2007 2010 I4 1.6i 110 hp
I4 2.0i 138 hp
S
S/A
Turkey Bursa, Bursa No
Mégane II CC Coupé-cabrio 2004 2009 I4 2.0i 138 hp
I4 2.0t 162 hp
M No
Fluence Notchback 2010 I4 2.0i 138 hp S/A Turkey Bursa, Bursa Yes
R12 Notchback 1972 1978 S No
R18 Notchback 1978 1984 I4 2.0i S No
Laguna II Hatchback 2002 2008 V6 3.0i M France No
Laguna II Grand Tour Station wagon 2002 2007 V6 3.0i M France No
Safrane II Sedan 2009 V6 2.3i 168 hp M South Korea Busan, Yeongnam Yes
Safrane III Sedan 2011 V6 3.5i 240 hp M South Korea Busan, Yeongnam Yes
Scénic I MPV 2000 2005 I4 2.0i 138 hp S/A Mexico Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes No
Scénic II MPV 2005 2009 I4 2.0i 138 hp S/A No
Koleos SUV 2008 I4 2.5i 170 hp A South Korea Busan, Yeongnam Yes
Kangoo I LAV 2004 I4 1.6i 110 hp S Argentina Santa Isabel, Córdoba Yes
Trafic Panel 2007 I4 1.9d 99 hp S Yes
Trafic Van 2007 2009 I4 1.9d 99 hp S No
Clio II RS Coupé 2001 2004 I4 2.0i 176 hp S France Dieppe, Seine-Maritime No
Clio II RS Team Coupé 2005 2007 I4 2.0i 188 hp S France Dieppe, Seine-Maritime No
Mégane II GT Hatchback 2008 2009 I4 2.0ti 165 hp S Spain Palencia, Castile and León No
Mégane II GT Coupé 2008 2009 I4 2.0ti 165 hp S Spain Palencia, Castile and León No
Mégane II RS Coupé 2004 2009 I4 2.0ti 247 hp S France Dieppe, Seine-Maritime No

Sweden Saab[edit]

Spain SEAT[30] (2001–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine options Transmission options Country of origin Available?
Ibiza II Hatchback 2001 2003 I4 1.6i 103 hp S No
Ibiza III Hatchback 2003 2009 I4 1.6i 103 hp S No
Ibiza IV Hatchback 2009 I4 2.0i 115 hp S/DSG Yes
León Hatchback 2001 2005 S/A No
León II Hatchback 2005 S/DSG Yes
Toledo II Notchback 2001 2005 S/A No
Toledo III LMPV 2005 2007 S/A No
Altea SMPV 2005 S/A No
León Cupra R Hot hatch 2003 2005 I4 1.8t 221 hp S/A No
León II Cupra R Hot hatch 2003 2005 I4 2.0t 261 hp S/A No

Germany Smart (2001–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine options Transmission options Country of origin [31] Available?
Fortwo I Coupé 2001 2007 I3 1.0i 70 hp S France Hambach No
Fortwo I Cabrio 2001 2007 I3 1.0i 70 hp S France Hambach No
Fortwo II Coupé 2007 I3 1.0i 70 hp S France Hambach Yes
Fortwo II Cabrio 2007 I3 1.0i 70 hp S France Hambach Yes
Fortwo II Passion Coupé 2007 I3 1.0i 84 hp S France Hambach Yes
Fortwo II Passion Cabrio 2007 I3 1.0i 84 hp S France Hambach Yes
Roadster Cabrio 2003 2005 S France Hambach No
Roadster Coupé Coupé 2003 2005 I3 1.0i 81 hp S France Hambach No

Japan Suzuki (2005–present)[32][edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine(s) Transmission(s) Origin Available?
Swift V Hatchback 2006 S Yes
Aerio Hatchback 2005 2006 I4 2.3i 155 hp S Japan Kosai, Shizuoka No
SX4 Hatchback 2007 S Yes
SX4 Notchback 2007 S Yes
Kizashi Saloon 2010 I4 2.4i 185 hp Japan Sagara, Shizuoka Yes
Grand Vitara II SUV 2005 Yes
XL7 II SUV 2008 2009 Japan Hamamatsu, Shizuoka No

Japan Toyota (2002-present)[edit]

Germany Volkswagen[33] (1954–present)[edit]

Name Body Introduced Retired Engine Transmission options Origin Available?
Sedán Coupé 1954 2003 B4 1.6i 44 hp S Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Pointer II Hatchback 1998 2008 I4 1.8i 98 hp S Brazil São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo No
Gol V Hatchback 2008 I4 1.8i 98 hp S Brazil São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo Yes
Gol V Notchback 2008 I4 1.8i 98 hp S Brazil São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo Yes
Lupo II Hatchback 2004 2009 I4 1.6i 100 hp S Brazil São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo No
SportVan Hatchback 2004 I4 1.6i 100 hp S Argentina General Pacheco, Buenos Aires Yes
CrossFox Hatchback 2005 I4 1.6i 100 hp S Brazil São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo Yes
Caribe I Hatchback 1977 1987 I4 1.6i 66 hp S Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Atlantic I Notchback 1981 1985 I4 1.6i 66 hp S No
Caribe I GT Hatchback 1984 1987 I4 1.8i 85 hp S Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Golf II Hatchback 1987 1992 I4 1.8i 72 hp S Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Golf II Hatchback 1987 1992 I4 1.8i 85 hp S/A Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Jetta II Notchback 1985 1992 I4 1.8i 85 hp S/A Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Golf II GTI Hatchback 1989 1992 I4 1.8i 105 hp S Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Golf III Hatchback 1993 1999 S Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Golf III Cabrio 1993 1999 S Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Jetta III Notchback 1993 1999 S Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Golf III GTI Hatchback VR6 2.8i 172 hp S Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Golf IV Hatchback 1999 2007 I4 2.0 115 hp S/A Germany Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony No
Jetta IV Notchback 1999 I4 2.0 115 hp S/A Mexico Puebla, Puebla Yes
Golf IV Cabrio 1999 2004 I4 2.0 115 hp S/A Germany Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony No
Golf IV GTI Hatchback 1999 2004 I4 1.8ti 180 hp S Germany Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony No
Golf IV R32 Hatchback 2003 2004 VR6 3.2i 237 hp S/A Germany Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony No
Golf IV R32 Hatchback 2003 2004 VR6 3.2i 237 hp S/A Germany Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony No
Golf V GTI Hatchback 2006 2010 I4 2.0ti 197 hp S/DSG Germany Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony Yes
Bora II Notchback 2005 I5 2.5i 172 hp S/M Mexico Puebla, Puebla Yes
Bora II Notchback 2007 I4 1.9td 103 hp S/DSG Mexico Puebla, Puebla Yes
Bora II GLI Notchback 2005 I4 2.0ti 197 hp S/DSG Mexico Puebla, Puebla Yes
Jetta VI Notchback 2010 I5 2.5i 172 hp S/DSG Mexico Puebla, Puebla Yes
Jetta VI Notchback 2010 I4 1.9td 103 hp DSG Mexico Puebla, Puebla No
Golf V GTI Pirelli Hatchback 2006 2010 I4 2.0ti 227 hp DSG Germany Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony Yes
Golf VI Sportwagen Station wagon 2009 I5 2.5i 170 hp S/M Mexico Puebla, Puebla Yes
Passat VI CC Coupé 2008 I4 2.0ti 197 hp DSG Germany Emden, East Frisia Yes
Passat VI CC Coupé 2008 V6 3.6i 276 hp M Germany Emden, East Frisia Yes
  • Argentina Amarok (Imported from Argentina).
  • Eurovan (T5 Transporter cargo and passenger van w/long wheelbase. Only sold with the 1.9TDi/105 hp engine)
  • Mexico Jetta IV; 2.0i, 1.9TDi
  • Mexico Beetle(Sold as GLS with 2.0 115 hp engine, Sport, Cabriolet and Sport GLX trims with 5 cil. 2.5 lt 170 hp engine. All variants with 5-speed manual and 6-speed tiptronic gearboxes)
  • Routan
  • Germany Passat (It is sold with 2.0 TFSi 200 hp, and V6 3.6 280 hp engines with 6-speed Tiptronic gearbox, the latter one is available also as a 4Motion model. Imported from Germany)
  • Tiguan
  • Slovakia Touareg; V6, V8 Petrol, V6 TDI.
  • Crafter
  • Mexico Jetta GLI; 1.8T
  • GLI; 2.0 TFSi/DSG

Sweden Volvo[edit]


References[edit]

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