Automotive industry in Serbia
|Economy of Serbia|
Serbia's automotive industry is one of the most important industrial sectors and makes about 15% of industrial output of the country and 18% of all exports (expected to reach $2 billion in 2013).
The Serbian automotive industry has a tradition of more than 70 years, within the existence of Yugoslavia, dating back to 1939 in the city of Kragujevac, where Zastava, the Yugoslavian/Serbian producer of motor vehicles, manufactured various models of automobiles under the license of FIAT.
Zastava's suppliers manufactured under strict, high-quality production standards that enabled them to work with other western car manufacturers such as Mercedes, Ford, Peugeot Citroën-PSA Renault,and Opel.
Today, the automotive industry is one of the most prominent sectors in Serbia, accounting for almost 10% of the entire FDI stock in Serbia since 2000. 27 international investors have invested almost €1.5 billion in the sector, creating more than 19,000 jobs. The Serbian automotive industry supplies almost all major European and some Asian car manufacturers.
The manufacturing of vehicle chassis system parts, especially tires and suspension parts is the most prominent activity in the industry. Electrical system components are another dominant product group with car batteries and wiring installations as the most important products. Also, the production of engine components, mostly casted, is very significant, along with forged and machined parts like camshafts, brake discs, valves and flywheels.
In 2008, FIAT bought a majority stake in the Zastava Automobili and invested in period 2008-2012 over a $1 billion in plant which is set to have a capacity of 200,000 cars a year. As a result, the Zastava name was shelved and the assembly line in Kragujevac now produces FIAT automobiles (Fiat 500L).
In 1952 Fabrika automobila Priboj - FAP was founded ad a year later the first trucks were produced based on licence from Saurer. First domestically designed vehicles where introduced in serial production by 1965. In 1970 a production, technical and financial cooperation contract was signed by FAP with Daimler-Benz. In 1978 FAP begin its collaboration with the Military Technical Institute Belgrade and starts developing and producing special military vehicles. Nowadays FAP produces military vehicles, lorries trucks, dump trucks, tractors and bases.
Ikarbus is a bus manufacturer based in Belgrade. The company was first founded in 1923 as an aircraft manufacturer. After World War II the company was nationalised and two other Serbian aircraft manufacturers, Rogožarski and Zmaj aircraft, were merged into Ikarus. However, during the 1950s most of the personal and infrastructure of the aircraft factory were relocated to SOKO, and since then Ikarus has focused completelly on bus production, first under licence originally of Sauer and MAN designs, and later of company's own designs. In 1992 the company was privatised and, due to name dispute with Hungarian bus manufacturer Ikarus Bus, they changed the name to Ikarbus.
Neobus was a bus manufacturer based in Novi Sad. Founded in 1952 as Autokaroserija, they closelly cooperated with Slovenian manufacturer TAM. In 1992 with the independence of Slovenia the cooperation ended and Autokaroserija became an independent bus manufacturer and changed its name to Neobus. In 2012 the Neobus went officially into bankruptcy.
BIK (Bus industries Kragujevac), in collaboration with Belorussian truck and bus manufacturer MAZ, began a production by the late 2000s of gas-powered buses named BIK-203 which are based on the platform of MAZ-203 model. These buses have been delivered at several Serbian towns to be in use in public transportation companies.
IMT produces tractors and agricultural machinery since the 1950s.
- "Fiat Investing $1b into Zastava". Macedoniaonline.eu. Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- Gas-powered bus from Kragujevac at ekapija.rs, 20-4-2009
- MAZ-BIK 203 at Vulović Transport official website