Automotive industry in Ukraine

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Ukraine was one of two only Soviet republics having production of all types of automobiles and was second by volume part of automotive industry of the Soviet Union with more than 200 thousands annual production.

Ukraine automobile manufacturers astably produces 100-200 thousands per year now and includes UkrAvto (ZAZ), Bogdan (LuAZ), KrAZ, KrASZ, Eurocar, Etalon-Avto (BAZ, CHAZ), HALAZ, Anto-Rus and LAZ. While domestic trucks, buses and trolleybuses continues to make, a production of own-designed cars (such as ZAZ Tavria) decreased and now Ukraine assemblies Chinese, Russian, Korean developed cars mainly.

History[edit]

Automobile manufacturers[edit]

ZAZ[edit]

ZAZ Sens is a Ukrainian version of Daewoo Lanos
ZAZ Forza - copy of Chinese Chery A13

ZAZ (Zaporizhia Automobile Building Plant) is the main automobile-manufacturer of Ukraine, based in the south-eastern city of Zaporizhia. It is also known for its former mother company name, AvtoZAZ.

Beginning of passenger cars manufacturing in Ukraine started in 1959. Totally (from 1960 to 1994) there were 3,422,444 Zaporozhets vehicles manufactured in Zaporizhia and engines with air-cooling in Melitopol.

In 1988 serial production of ZAZ Tavria family passenger cars was started in Zaporizhia and manufacturing of engines with liquid cooling - in Melitopol.

The Joint Ukrainian-Korean Venture with Foreign Investment in the form of a Closed Joint Stock Company "AvtoZAZ-DAEWOO" was registered in 1998. Manufacturing of a new "Tavria-nova" car was started. Works on production preparation were completed and SKD assembly of the European level vehicles: Daewoo Lanos, Daewoo Nubira and Daewoo Leganza was started in Illichivsk Plant of Automobile Units.

Following bankruptcy of Daewoo Motors in 2001, UkrAVTO corporation bought out AvtoZAZ holding in 2002. All of the AvtoZAZ manufacturing facilities (most notably, MeMZ and Illichivsk assembling plant) were reincorporated into ZAZ. The company even adopted a new logo. The Daewoo part in the joint venture was bought out by Swiss venture Hirsch & CIE in 2003.

End of 2004 saw the beginning of full-scale production of completely domestic ZAZ Lanos (T150), now that CKD kits of Lanos were no longer supplied. In 2006, ZAZ reached an agreement with the Chinese manufacturer Chery Automobile to assemble passenger cars from kits.

In 2011 ZAZ started full-scale production of the Chery A13 under its own badge as ZAZ Forza. The same year production of the Chevrolet Aveo (T250) was moved from the FSO car factory to ZAZ.

In 2012 Zaporizhia Automobile Building Plant started serial full-scale production of new car - ZAZ Vida.

Bogdan[edit]

Bogdan 2110/Lada 2110
Hyundai Elantra XD
Bogdan A092.80 Bus

Bogdan Corporation is a leading Ukrainian automobile-manufacturing group, including several car- and bus-makers of the country. Its most popular model is the Bogdan Isuzu-powered light bus made in Cherkasy.

In 2000, the company bought the bankrupted Soviet LuAZ based in Lutsk (Volyn Oblast), and during the same period, started to produce its own cars based on the Russian AvtoVAZ. In 2003, the company's began exporting the buses. In 2004, the company signed a general agreement with Isuzu to use the Isuzu brand on the company's exported buses. In 2005, the company Bogdan Motors became a corporation.

The facilities of Bogdan Corporation allow to produce 120-150 thousands of cars, up to 9 000 buses and trolleybuses of all types, and around 15 thousands of cargo trucks and specialized equipment a year. Facilities are located in Lutsk and Cherkasy.

Cars and trucks are produced or assembled in Cherkasy. The facilities in Cherkasy are the most modern auto-manufacturing facilities in Ukraine. Car manufacturing launched in 2000. Cherkasy plant allows to produce 120,000-150,000 cars per year. The plant produces/assembles Bogdan 2110, Bogdan 2111, Bogdan 2310 (pick-up), Hyundai Accent, Hyundai Tucson and Hyundai Elantra XD.

Buses mostly produced in Cherkasy while trolleybuses are manufactured in Lutsk. A bus "Bogdan" is the most widespread used small bus for city transportation in most Ukrainian cities. Facilities located in Cherkasy allow to produce up to 3000 buses a year along with cars and trucks production. The plant in Lutsk formerly known as LuAZ now manufactures buses and trolleybuses branded as "Bogdan". Maximum capacity of Lutsk plant is 8000 buses and trolleybuses a year.

Etalon-Avto[edit]

Eurocar[edit]

Skoda Fabia
Skoda Octavia
Skoda Superb

PJSC Eurocar is a car manufacturer situated in Solomonovo village, Zakarpattia oblast. The territory of the location of Eurocar plant borders with Slovakia and Hungary. Construction began on July 23, 2001, since then the company has been constantly implementing innovative and investment activity. On December 19, 2011 Eurocar celebrated the tenth anniversary of industrial activity since the technical commissioning of the plant in 2001. Total investment in the project Eurocar is 250 million USD. The company is a member of Atoll Holding Group.

Since the start of its activity Eurocar plant has been implementing a strategy of annual increases in production and expansion of product range. In May 2006 the second part of the project to produce cars was officially opened. This production, in which the assembly of cars carried on the conveyor line using a process similar to Skoda Auto a.s. In 2008 the third part of the project was launched. In September 2009 PJSC Eurocar completed construction of the building of welding and painting workshops. In December 2011 the next phase was completed, it also was approved by the Ministry of Industrial Policy and the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine program to create production capacity and jobs. The program in welding production Eurocar plant produced a pilot batch of bodies. On December 7, 2011 successful launch of the new paint and varnish production had place. Welding and painting was carried out on the equipment of such companies as Transsystem (Poland), Chropynska Strojirna (Czech Republic), EISENMANN (Germany). In the manufacturing process using the most modern approaches, European technology, high-robot systems, the system "vario shuttle", as well as high-tech geometric station AUDI Framer. New capacity of Eurocar plant is full of number of technological innovations, with the flexibility of the production process, in a unique for Ukraine's technical solutions. Current Eurocar plant produces a complete range of Skoda cars.

In 2003 quality management system of Eurocar plant was certified to the international standard ISO 9001:2000. Every year Eurocar confirms the certificate on the application of quality management system. Certification audits are carried out and confirm the Prague representative office of TUV NORD CERT GmbH (Germany). In 2009 PJSC Eurocar introduced an integrated enterprise management system according to international standards ISO 9001:2008 and OHSAS 18001:2007. Successful certification of PJSC Eurocar in October 2009 for compliance with the international standard OHSAS 18001:2007 implementation and operation shown on the company's OSH management system. Thus, the correspondence PJSC Eurocar with international standards (ISO 9001, OHSAS 18001) allows to implement the principles of enterprise policy, aiming at the exclusive attention to product quality, ensuring high standards of occupational safety and health, as well as openness and concern for customers.

From the very beginning the company personnel involved directly in production vehicles received specialized training in the Czech Republic at the enterprises of Skoda Auto a.s. In 2008 a teaching unit for training was arranged at the plant. The company has conducted certification of personnel, employment and working conditions.

LAZ[edit]

LAZ (Lviv Automobile Plant) is a bus manufacturing company in Lviv, Ukraine.

It was one of the major bus manufacturers in the Soviet Union and the largest-ever industrial company in the city. Now it is a private, holding company. It still manufactures buses of EURO class today.

KRAZ[edit]

KRAZ trucks

KRAZ (Kremenchuk Automobile Plant or AvtoKrAZ) is a factory that produces trucks and other special-purpose vehicles in Kremenchuk, Ukraine; particularly heavy-duty off-road models.[1]

On April 17th, 1958 the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union decreed to build up a plant for heavy-duty vehicles production in Kremenchuk. Heavy-duty trucks manufacture was transferred from the Yaroslav Automobile Plant.

In 1961 the plant delivered for export more than 500 vehicles in 26 countries of the world - Argentina, Afghanistan, Bulgaria, China, India, Vietnam etc.

In 1986 the output rate amounted to 30655 KrAZ vehicles - the maximum quantity over the period of its existence.

In 1996 Holding company "AvtoKrAZ" was registered.

In 2004 HC "AvtoKrAZ" signed one of the biggest contracts for delivery of 2200 KrAZ vehicles to Iraq. The quality control system of international standard 9001:2000 was introduced at the plant.

In January 2006 the 800,000th truck was assembled at the KrAZ main assembly plant. In October of the same year HC "AvtoKrAZ" won the first prize among 100 Ukrainian companies with the best rate of development according to the net profit growth pursuant to the results of rating "Top 100 Most dynamic companies"

On August 23, 2011 the KrAZ-5233 "Spetsnaz" has entered into service with Ukrainian army.[2]

KRASZ[edit]

Anto-Rus[edit]

Stryi-Avto[edit]

Former manufacturers[edit]

LuAZ[edit]

LuAZ

References[edit]

External links[edit]