|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (April 2012)|
Autonome Nationalisten ("Autonomous Nationalists," abbreviated AN) are German, Dutch and to a lesser degree Flemish neo-Nazis who have adopted some of the far left's traditional dress (black clothing, Che Guevara T-shirts, keffiyehs), symbolism, and tactics (black bloc). This adoption of codes and symbols coincided with the persistence of vibrant alternative subcultures of the radical left and a rejection of traditional skinhead and party-political forms of organisation on the extreme right. The AN thus see themselves as 'autonomous' from established neo-Nazi structures, developing their own music scenes and fashion codes. These are often meant to display anti-systemic rebellion and opposition to globalisation and 'American cultural imperialism'. The AN first emerged in 2003–4 and are more violent than other members of the far right. The AN are ideologically inspired by Strasserism. Mareš writes that they are "a strategic concept, organization and subculture – all three terms are possible for the designation of this phenomenon." In 2008 Germany's Autonomous Nationalists were estimated to number approximately 400 people, 10% of the country's neo-Nazis.
Their emergence was controversial within the German far right, both because some older activists objected to their "leftist" image and because the National Democratic Party of Germany feared they would complicate its efforts to take part in mainstream politics. Also controversial is that Autonome Nationalisten have occasionally expressed sympathy for Islamic extremism, as well as Hezbollah and Hamas for their opposition to Zionism and what is deemed "American imperialism". Autonome Nationalists have also been seen wearing t-shirts depicting Osama bin Laden.
Autonome Nationalisten at a 2006 protest. The black and red flags on their banner are identical to the logo of Antifaschistische Aktion.
- http://www.doorbraak.eu/gebladerte/11479f95.htm (Dutch)
- http://www.autonoom.net/ (Dutch)
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