Autonomous regions of China

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Autonomous region (Zizhiqu)
China autonomous regions numbered.svg
Traditional Chinese 自治區
Simplified Chinese 自治区

An autonomous region (Chinese: 自治区; pinyin: Zìzhìqū) (AR) is a first-level administrative subdivision of China. Like Chinese provinces, an autonomous region has its own local government, but an autonomous region has more legislative rights. An autonomous region is a minority entity which has a higher population of a particular minority ethnic group.

The Inner Mongolia autonomous region was established in 1947; Xinjiang was made autonomous in 1955; Guangxi and Ningxia in 1958, and Tibet in 1965. The designation of Guangxi and Ningxia as Zhuang and Hui autonomous areas, respectively, was bitterly protested[citation needed] by the local Han Chinese, who made up two-thirds of the population of each region. Although Mongols made up even less of a percentage of Inner Mongolia, the ensuing Chinese Civil War gave little opportunity for protest.[1]

List of autonomous regions[edit]

Designated
minority
Name in English Hanzi (Simpl.) & Pinyin Local name
(Language)
Abbreviation Capital
Uyghur Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى
Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni (Uyghur)

Xīn
(XUAR)
Ürümqi
(乌鲁木齐; ئۈرۈمچی‎)
Mongol Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
(Nei Mongol Autonomous Region)
内蒙古自治区
Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū
OvormonggolAR.svg
Öbür Mongghul-un Öbertegen Jasaqu Orun (Mongolian)

Měng
(IMAR)
Hohhot
(呼和浩特; Kökeqota.svg)
Tibetan Tibet Autonomous Region
(Xizang Autonomous Region)
西藏自治区
Xīzàng Zìzhìqū
བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས
Poi Ranggyong Jong (Tibetan)

Zàng
(TAR)
Lhasa
(拉萨; ལྷ་ས་)
Hui Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
نٍ شيَا خُوِ ذُوْ ذِ جِ ثُوْ
Nengsẖyạ Kẖuidẖwu Dẖjtẖü
(Xiao'erjing Chinese)

Níng
(NHAR)
Yinchuan
(银川; ىٍ ﭼُﻮًا‎)
Zhuang Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 广西壮族自治区
Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
Gvangjish Bouxcuengh Swcigih (Zhuang)
Guì
(GZAR)
Nanning
(南宁; Namzningz)

Statistics[edit]

Population[edit]

Administrative Division National Share (%) 2010 Census[2] 2000 Census[3] 1990 Census[4] 1982 Census[5] 1964 Census[6] 1954 Census[7]
Guangxi 3.5 46,026,629 43,854,538 42,245,765 36,420,960 20,845,017 19,560,822
Inner Mongolia 1.9 24,706,321 23,323,347 21,456,798 19,274,279 12,348,638 6,100,104
Ningxia 0.5 6,176,900 5,486,393 4,655,451 3,895,578 * *
Tibet 0.2 3,002,166 2,616,329 2,196,010 1,892,393 1,251,225 1,273,969
Xinjiang 1.6 21,813,334 18,459,511 15,155,778 13,081,681 7,270,067 4,873,608

Ethnic composition of Autonomous Regions (%, 2000)[edit]

Administrative Division Titular Ethnic Group Han Chinese Third Largest Ethnic
Xinjiang (Uyghur) 45.21% 40.58% 6.74% (Kazakh)
Tibet (Tibetan) 92.8% 6.1% 0.35% (Hui)
Inner Mongolia (Mongol) 17.13% 79.17% 2.14% (Manchu)
Ningxia (Hui) 33.9% 65.5 % 1.16 (Manchu)
Guangxi (Zhuang) 32.0% 62.0 % 3.0% (Yao)

Note: In the "Third Largest Ethnic" column is the ethnic group given in brackets, after the names of the autonomous regions and Han people.

See also[edit]

References[edit]