Autoroutes of Morocco
Morocco's network of expressways is administered by the state-owned company Autoroutes du Maroc (ADM). It runs the network on a pay-per-use basis, with toll stations placed along its length. The general speed-limit is 120 km/h.
The first expressway in the country is the A3: Casablanca-Rabat. Construction of the first section started in 1975 but completion of this road between the economic and the administrative capital took 13 years. Originally usage of the road was free of charge. The toll-road system was later introduced as one measure to prevent lengthy construction times (as happened with this first road). Finding investors for new roads would be easier when these roads would generate their own revenue to repay investors.
Realized and planned
As of July 2011, ADM manages 1420 km of Morocco's toll roads. In 2006, it was announced that ADM will be investing 6.18 billion dirhams ($859 million) to develop its highway network in 2007. These investment packages are part of the objective that aim to complete 1,500 km by 2012.
The main Moroccan expressways are:
- A1 Rabat-Tanger (223 km)
- A2 Rabat-Fes (207 km)
- A3 Casablanca-Rabat (65 km)
- A4 Tangier-TangerMed port (54 km)
- A5 Casablanca ring (34 km)
- A6 Fes-Oujda (320 km)
- A7 Casablanca-Agadir via Marrakesh (453 km )
- A5 Casablanca-El Jadida (80 km)
|Casablanca||Rabat||62||forming the A3 motorway|
|Larache||Sidi El yamani||28||1996–1999|
|Sidi El yamani||Asilah||15||2000–2002|
|together forming the A1 Rabat-Tangier expressway|
|Casablanca bypass||27||2000–2004||25||built in 2 phases|
|and||Had Soualem||Tnine Chtouka||35||2002–2005||20|
|and||Tnine Chtouka||El Jadida||28||2004–2006||26|
|Desserte du Port Tanger Med||54||2004–2008||73|
|Tétouan||Fnideq||28||2004–2008||36||last 11 km opened 21-07-08|
In 2007 762 accidents with casualties were reported, a 5% increase on 2006. The accident-rate per 100 million traveled kilometers dropped by 20% from 30.2 to 24.1 between these years, but the total number as well as rate of deaths didn't go down.
A breakdown of these figures:
|Type accident||2006||2007||% change||notes|
|serious accidents||726||762||+5%||is accident with serious inj. or deaths|
|rate per 100 mln km.||30,2||24.1||-20%|
|fatal accidents||74||86||+16%||is accident with at least one death|
|rate per 100 mln km.||3,1||2,7||-12%|
|is per 100 mln km.||20,0||16,9||-15%|
|is per 100 mln km.||3,7||4,0||+7%|
Increasing safety is an important goal for the ADM: the new autoroutes are designed to improve safety and the ADM also believes that extending the express-way network will increase overall safety as the through-going (and often high-speed) traffic is moved away from the Route Nationals, that run through the cities and villages along the way. Expressways also use non-level crossings and because there is no oncoming traffic overtaking cars is safer then on normal roads. The ADM also publishes accident figures to increase the attention of the public in road-safety.
In the first quarter of 2011 the number of accidents on expressways with injuries fell 21% compared to the same period in 2010
References and notes
- Website of ADM about its history, visited 4 August 2008.
- Overview main development figures on ADM site, visited september 2010.
- "Morocco strengthens infrastructural development". Retrieved September 28, 2006.
- Data obtained from key dates
- development program on ADM site as on 4 August 2008
- Detailed project figures on ADM site, visited 17 March 2012
- ADM Website projects Berrechid-Beni Mellal, (French), visited 17 March 2012
- ADM Website projects Rabat Ring,(French), visited 17 March 2012
- Official safety figures as reported by ADM, visited 3 August 2008
- ADM Website Detailed report on road-safety on expressways, PDF (French), retrieved 27 June 2011
- Newsarticle on ADM website 21% decrease in traffic accidents on motorways in Q1 2011, visited 27 June 2011