Autricourt

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Autricourt
General view of Autricourt
General view of Autricourt
Autricourt is located in France
Autricourt
Autricourt
Coordinates: 47°59′55″N 4°37′15″E / 47.9986°N 4.6208°E / 47.9986; 4.6208Coordinates: 47°59′55″N 4°37′15″E / 47.9986°N 4.6208°E / 47.9986; 4.6208
Country France
Region Burgundy
Department Côte-d'Or
Arrondissement Montbard
Canton Montigny-sur-Aube
Intercommunality Pays Châtillonnais
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Christian Volterrani
Area
 • Land1 26.77 km2 (10.34 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 122
 • Population2 density 4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 21034 / 21570
Elevation 195–356 m (640–1,168 ft)
(avg. 203 m or 666 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Autricourt is a French commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Burgundy region of eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Astricurtois or Astricurtoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Autricourt is located some 55 km south-east of Troyes and 22 km north by north-east of Châtillon-sur-Seine. The northern border of the commune is the departmental border between Côte-d'Or and Aube. Access to the commune is by the D13 road from Grancey-sur-Ource in the north-west passing through the centre of the commune and the village and continuing south-east to Belan-sur-Ource. Much of the commune in the north and south is heavily forested however the centre of the commune is farmland.[2]

The Ource river flows through the centre of the commune from south-east to north-west before it continues north-west to join the Seine at Merrey-sur-Arce. The Ruisseau de Beaumont flows from the north-east towards the south-west to join the Ource in the commune.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

The village has Celtic origins with ditches and embankments that have been observed near the present village. In the hamlet of Champigny Gallic tombs have been found. The name Autricourt came from the Frankish era and was the name of a landowner: Auster with curtis meaning "domain". Araound the 11th century a feudal fief was created as evidenced by the presence of the castle and which later came under the rule of the Dukes of Burgundy.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
1813 1830 Louis Gautier de Vinfrais
1843 1859 Alexandre de Treil de Pardailhan
2001 2008 Daniel Verpy
2008 2020 Christian Volterrani

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 122 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
822 870 980 943 960 915 960 959 983
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
862 861 808 748 702 673 641 608 545
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
511 488 446 332 356 326 257 257 240
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
209 160 135 126 137 133 125 122 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The Ource river at Autricourt
An old postcard of the village in 1910
Population of Autricourt

Culture and heritage[edit]

The Town Hall / School

Civil heritage[edit]

The Chateau

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Town Hall / School (1853)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • The Cottenet House (1734)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Ruelle du Four (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Bridge (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg (destroyed)[7]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) (1846)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Chateau (14th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9] The chateau is in a park in the village centre and is privately owned. The oldest part dates to the end of the 11th century and it is surrounded by a moat fed by a branch of the Ource. The existing building, a lodging flanked by two round towers, dates to the 14th and 16th centuries. Over time it belonged to the lords of Autricourt, Rupt, Anglure, Ligneville, Crillon, Valois, Mursey, and Gaucourt.[10] In 1795 the chateau and its grounds were purchased by Jacques-Alexandre Gautier de Vinfrais, formerly Lord of Villeneuve-le-Roi and of Ablon. In 1809 the chateau was inherited by the Treil de Pardailhan family who have conserved it until recent years.

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-Valentin

The commune has many religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Parish Church of Saint Valentin (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • A Monumental Cross (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • The Church of Saint Valentin excluding the facade and bell tower (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • A Cemetery Cross (1832)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • A Chapel (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]

The Church of Saint-Valentin contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

  • The Furniture in the ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[16]
  • A Banner (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[17]
  • 2 Processional Crosses (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18][19]
  • 4 Processional Staffs (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20][21][22][23]
  • A Cabinet (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
  • A Painting: Saint Anne, Saint Joachim, and the Virgin Mary (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
  • A Painting: The Last Supper (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
  • A Painting: Donation of the Rosary to Saint Dominique and Saint Catherine of Sienne (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]
  • A Sculpture: Saint Nicolas (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]
  • A Statue: Virgin and child (2) (14th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[29]
  • A Statue: Virgin and child (1) (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[30]
  • A Statue: Saint Catherine of Alexandria (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[31]
  • A Statue: Saint Barbe (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[32]
  • A Statue: Saint Valentin of Rome (2) (1793)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[33]
  • A Statue: Saint Valentin of Rome (1) (1793)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[34]
  • A Cross: Christ on the Cross (2) (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[35]
  • A Cross: Christ on the Cross (1) (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[36]
  • The Choir enclosure (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[37]
  • The Baptismal font (13th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[38]
  • The Pulpit (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[39]
  • The Secondary Altar and Retable (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[40]
  • The main Altar, Tabernacle, and altar seating (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[41]

Environmental heritage[edit]

Because of its efforts to raise the quality of its nocturnal environment the commune was labeled a "2 star Village" in 2013.[42] The label is awarded by the National Association for the Protection of the sky and nocturnal environment (ANPCEN) and has 5 levels. A panel is displayed at the entrance to the village to show this distinction.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Côte-d'Or (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00050518 Town Hall / School (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00050517 Cottenet House (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00050569 Lavoir at Ruelle du Four (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00050568 Bridge (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00050570 Lavoir (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00050519 Chateau (French)
  10. ^ Notice on the Lords of Autricourt (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00050520 Parish Church of Saint Valentin (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00050567 Monumental Cross (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112075 Church of Saint Valentin excluding the facade and bell tower (French)Camera aabb.svg
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00050566 Cemetery Cross (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00050516 Chapel (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002697 Furniture in the church (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002696 Banner (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002695 Processional Cross (2) (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002694 Processional Cross (1) (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002693 Processional Staff (4) (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002692 Processional Staff (3) (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002691 Processional Staff (2) (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002690 Processional Staff (1) (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002689 Cabinet (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002688 Painting: Saint Anne, Saint Joachim, and the Virgin Mary (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002687 Painting: The Last Supper (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002686 Painting: Donation of the Rosary to Saint Dominique and Saint Catherine of Sienne (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002685 Sculpture: Saint Nicolas (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002684 Statue: Virgin and child (2) (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002683 Statue: Virgin and child (1) (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002682 Statue: Saint Catherine of Alexandria (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002681 Statue: Saint Barbe (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002680 Statue: Saint Valentin of Rome (2) (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002679 Statue: Saint Valentin of Rome (1) (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002678 Cross: Christ on the Cross (2) (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002677 Cross: Christ on the Cross (1) (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002676 Choir enclosure (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002675 Baptismal font (French)
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002674 Pulpit (French)
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002673 Secondary Altar and Retable (French)
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21002672 main Altar, Tabernacle, and altar seating (French)
  42. ^ Rain of stars on Côte d'Or article on the Le Bien Public website, 19 February 2014. (French)
  43. ^ Genealogy of the Gautier de Vinfrais family (French)