Autry-Issards

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Autry-Issards
Autry-Issards decorated bicycle
Autry-Issards decorated bicycle
Autry-Issards is located in France
Autry-Issards
Autry-Issards
Coordinates: 46°32′58″N 3°08′11″E / 46.5494°N 3.1364°E / 46.5494; 3.1364Coordinates: 46°32′58″N 3°08′11″E / 46.5494°N 3.1364°E / 46.5494; 3.1364
Country France
Region Auvergne
Department Allier
Arrondissement Moulins
Canton Souvigny
Intercommunality Bocage Bourbonnais
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Bernard Debeauvais
Area1 19.45 km2 (7.51 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 356
 • Density 18/km2 (47/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 03012 / 03210
Elevation 227–335 m (745–1,099 ft)
(avg. 180 m or 590 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Autry-Issards is a French commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne region of central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Issardiens or Issardiennes.[1]

Geography[edit]

Autry-Issards is located some 14 km west of Moulins and 5 km north-west of Souvigny. Access to the commune is by the D134 from Bourbon-l'Archambault in the north-west to the village and also the D104 goes to Souvigny in the south-east. The D58 comes from Saint-Menoux in the north-east and passes through the village before continuing south-east to join the D11 east of Gipcy. The D293 comes from Saint-Menoux in the north-east and passes through the north of the commune before turning south to join the D58 west of the commune. The D73 passes through the commune in the south going from Gipcy to Souvigny. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of:

  • Ardennes
  • Les Barons
  • La Basse Troliere
  • Beau Merle
  • Beau Soleil
  • Bordiere
  • Boucheron
  • Les Burches
  • Champ Juvenier
  • Les Chaumes
  • Charbonneau
  • Chateau d'Issards
  • Chateau du Plessis
  • Les Chenardeieres
  • Coulette
  • La Croix de Fromenteau
  • Les Etanieres
  • La Foultiere
  • Fromenteau
  • Les Genivres
  • Le Grand Bigut
  • La Grand Mouillere
  • Jaliere
  • Le Livrot
  • La Loge
  • Le Mai
  • Malleret
  • Le Moulin de la Pirouette
  • Les Noisettes
  • L'Ouche
  • Les Pechoirs
  • La Peliere
  • Les Perolles
  • Le Petit Bigut
  • Le Petit Mai
  • Les Planches
  • Provencheres
  • Rancy
  • Les Renauds
  • Rimasoir
  • La Rouche Coupee
  • Saint-Priest
  • La Troliere
  • La Tuilerie de Malleret
  • Les Ulferts
  • Vilban
  • Villard
  • Virjolais

The commune is mostly farmland with a few scattered patches of forest.[2]

The Ourts river rises in the south of the commune and flows north-east to join the Burge south-east of Couzon. The Rose rises in the south-west of the commune and flows north-east to join the Ours.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Jean-Pierre Laloue
2014 2020 Bernard Debeauvais

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 356 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
590 590 680 665 639 638 629 613 566
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
609 642 673 713 738 628 650 658 672
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
688 678 659 531 527 443 466 411 366
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
347 339 311 307 327 307 320 356 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Autry-Issards

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Chateau du Plessis (1497).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4][5] The Chateau has one item that is registered as an historical object:
    • A half-plane relief: pregnant woman (Middle Ages)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[6]
  • The Chateau d'Issards (15th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7][8] The chateau has an old part (the tower and attached main staircase) dating from the end of the 15th century and a part built between 1862 and 1870 by the architect Jean Moreau (1828-1899) for Count Louis Gabriel Carré d'Aligny.
  • The Rouche Coupée Farm (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • A Farmhouse (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • The Champ Bouca Farm (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • The Amorins Farm (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • A House at La Loge (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • The Ecalits Farm (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • The Jalière Farm (1780)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • The Vilban Mill (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • Houses and Farms (15th - 19th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • The Plessis Farm (1497)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • The Croix Fromenteau Farm (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • The Benêts Farm (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • The Villard Farm (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • The Chateau de La Trolière (15th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22] The Chateau contains one item that is registered as an historical object:
    • A Roof Ornament depicting a pigeon (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
  • Boucheron Manor (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]
  • Petit Bigut Manor (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25]
  • Ardennes Manor (1623)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[26]

Religious heritage[edit]

The old Benedictine Priory

The commune has many religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The old Benedictine Priory of Saint-Maurice(13th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[27][28] The Priory contains three items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Sculpture: Bust of Saint-Auréolé (11th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[29]
    • 3 decorative plaques: Adam and Eve seated (11th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[30]
    • 2 Statues: Virgin and Child and Saint-Cyriaque (disappeared) (12th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[31]
The Church of the Trinity
  • The Church of the Trinity (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[32][33] The Church of the Holy Trinity is a Romanesque church which dates from the early 12th century which has a magnificent portal and a carved tympanum and bell tower. It is typical of the Middle Ages (a long, low building with repeated use of the tapering lintel) with decorative influences from Cluny Abbey (especially fluted pilasters) combined. The decor of the portal (fluted pilasters and tangled foliage) is strongly reminiscent of some decorative elements of the Abbey at Chezal-Benoît (Cher) which was built in the first half of the 12th century. The steeple topped by its stone spire is one of the highest in the department. The Tympanum has two angels holding a Mandorla which surrounds Christ in glory which is also found in the nearby church of Meillers. This is a very rare instance of the artist signing his work: "Natalis me fecit". They are surrounded by arched ways with hanging lamps.

The church contains many items that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Bronze Bell (1694)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[34]
  • A Bronze Bell (1656)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[35]
  • A Plaque commemorating the foundation of Masses by Jacques de Dreuille and Elisabeth Deculant, his wife (1715)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[36]
  • A Painting: Deposition of the Cross (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[37]
  • Group of 4 Capitals and bases (11th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[38]
  • A Statue: Christ in Majesty (13th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[39]
  • Group of 4 Capitals (12th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[40]
  • Group of 3 Capitals (12th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[41]
  • Group of 6 Capitals (12th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[42]
  • A Lintel: Christ Pantocrator or in Majesty (12th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[43]
  • A Painting: Lamentation on the dead Christ (15th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[44]
  • A Retable built into a niche (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[45]
  • A Processional Cross (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[46]
  • A Statue: Saint Roche (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[47]
  • A Statue: presumed to be Saint Abdon (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[48]
  • A Statue: Virgin and Child (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[49]
  • A Statue: Virgin and Child (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[50]
  • A Stained glass window roundel of Mgr. de Dreux-Brézé (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[51]
  • 4 decorative and 2 historical Stained glass windows (1869)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[52]
  • 2 historical Stained glass windows (1861)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[53]
  • 3 Stained glass windows of people (1854)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[54]
  • A Bronze Bell (1836)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[55]
  • A Bronze Bell (1694)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[56]
  • The Furniture in the Church of the Trinity (1836)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[57]
  • 7 Capitals, 5 bases, and a cornice (11th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[58]
Gallery of Pictures of the Church of the Trinity

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Pierre Lacorne, notary, born in 1940 at Autry-Issards and President of ASF France Aviation Sans Frontières.
  • Christian Chalmin, publisher, born in 1947 at Autry-Issards and Mayor of the commune from 1989 to 1995.
  • Sanne Spangenberg, French/Dutch born at Moulins in 1993, elected Miss Auvergne 2012 at 19 years old. She participated in Miss France 2013 on 8 December 2012 in live coverage on TF1 TV station.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Allier (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00092977 Chateau du Plessis (French)Camera aabb.svg
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000030 Chateau du Plessis (French)Camera aabb.svg
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000335 Half-plane relief: pregnant woman (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00092976 Chateau d'Issards (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000029 Chateau d'Issards (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000049 Rouche Coupée Farm (French)Camera aabb.svg
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000048 Farmhouse (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000047 Champ Bouca Farm (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000046 Amorins Farm (French)Camera aabb.svg
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000045 House at La Loge (French)Camera aabb.svg
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000044 Ecalits Farm (French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000043 Jalière Farm (French)Camera aabb.svg
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000042 Vilban Mill (French)Camera aabb.svg
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000040 Houses and Farms (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000039 Plessis Farm (French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000038 Croix Fromenteau Farm (French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000037 Benêts Farm (French)Camera aabb.svg
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000036 Villard Farm (French)Camera aabb.svg
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000035 Chateau de La Trolière (French)Camera aabb.svg
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000324 Roof Ornament depicting a pigeon (French)Camera aabb.svg
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000033 Boucheron Manor (French)Camera aabb.svg
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000032 Petit Bigut Manor (French)Camera aabb.svg
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000031 Ardennes Manor (French)Camera aabb.svg
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00092979 Benedictine Priory of Saint-Maurice (French)Camera aabb.svg
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000028 Benedictine Priory of Saint-Maurice (French)Camera aabb.svg
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000334 Sculpture: Bust of Saint-Auréolé (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000331 3 decorative plaques: Adam and Eve seated (French)Camera aabb.svg
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000325 2 Statues: Virgin and Child and Saint-Cyriaque (French)Camera aabb.svg
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00092978 Church of the Trinity (French)Camera aabb.svg
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA03000027 Church of the Trinity (French)Camera aabb.svg
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM03000019 Bronze Bell (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM03000018 Bronze Bell (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM03000017 Plaque commemorating the foundation of Masses (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM03000017 Plaque commemorating the foundation of Masses (French)Camera aabb.svg
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000333 Group of 4 Capitals and bases (French)Camera aabb.svg
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000332 Statue: Christ in Majesty (French)Camera aabb.svg
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000330 Group of 4 Capitals (French)Camera aabb.svg
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000329 Group of 3 Capitals (French)Camera aabb.svg
  42. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000328 Group of 6 Capitals (French)Camera aabb.svg
  43. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000327 Lintel: Christ Pantocrator or in Majesty (French)Camera aabb.svg
  44. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000326 Painting: Lamentation on the dead Christ (French)Camera aabb.svg
  45. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000323 Retable built into a niche (French)Camera aabb.svg
  46. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000322 Processional Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  47. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000321 Statue: Saint Roche (French)Camera aabb.svg
  48. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000320 Statue: presumed to be Saint Abdon (French)Camera aabb.svg
  49. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000319 Statue: Virgin and Child (French)Camera aabb.svg
  50. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000318 Statue: Virgin and Child (French)Camera aabb.svg
  51. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000316 Stained glass window roundel of Mgr. de Dreux-Brézé (French)Camera aabb.svg
  52. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000315 4 decorative and 2 historical Stained glass windows (French)Camera aabb.svg
  53. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000314 2 historical Stained glass windows (French)Camera aabb.svg
  54. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000313 3 Stained glass windows of people (French)Camera aabb.svg
  55. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000312 Bronze Bell (French)Camera aabb.svg
  56. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000311 Bronze Bell (French)Camera aabb.svg
  57. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000310 Furniture in the Church of the Trinity (French)Camera aabb.svg
  58. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM03000309 7 Capitals, 5 bases, and a cornice (French)Camera aabb.svg