Auxey-Duresses

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Auxey-Duresses
Auxey-Duresses paysage.jpg
Coat of arms of Auxey-Duresses
Coat of arms
Auxey-Duresses is located in France
Auxey-Duresses
Auxey-Duresses
Coordinates: 46°59′15″N 4°44′56″E / 46.9875°N 4.7489°E / 46.9875; 4.7489Coordinates: 46°59′15″N 4°44′56″E / 46.9875°N 4.7489°E / 46.9875; 4.7489
Country France
Region Burgundy
Department Côte-d'Or
Arrondissement Beaune
Canton Beaune Nord
Intercommunality Beaune Côte et Sud
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Bernard Battault
Area
 • Land1 11.09 km2 (4.28 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 333
 • Population2 density 30/km2 (78/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 21037 / 21190
Elevation 245–482 m (804–1,581 ft)
(avg. 220 m or 720 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Auxey-Duresses is a French commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Burgundy region of eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Alcéens or Alcéennes.[1]

Geography[edit]

Auxey-Duresses is a wine-growing commune some 10 km south-west of Beaume and 11 km north of Chagny. Access to the commune is by the D973 road from Pommard in the north-east which passes through the length of the commune and the village and continues south-west to La Rochepot. The D17E comes from Saint-Romain in the west and passes through the village continuing east to Meursault. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Melin in the south-west and Petit-Auxey west of the village. The north and south of the commune are rugged and heavily forested with the valley in the centre and west farmland.[2]

The Ruisseau des Cloux flows from the south-west through the centre of the commune from west to east where it continues to join the River Dheune near Merceuil.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

The Auxey valley was one of the first places where grapevines were planted in Burgundy during the 2nd century BC. when Auxey-le-Petit, which was dependent on Auxey-Duresses, was a high place of Druid worship. On Mount Mélian the remains of a large prehistoric enclosure can be found which was at that time occupied by the Gauls and the Romans. During the Gallo-Roman period the town grew and became known by the Latin name Alcius.

After the barbarian invasions of the 5th century AD the commune reached new heights thanks to the monks of the Abbey of Saint-Symphorien at Autun who built a church at Auxey-le-Petit in 696. It was rebuilt in the 10th century by monks from the Cluny Abbey and it had a large vineyard in the village. The bell tower and the gate are Romanesque and date from the 12th century. These monks also left the "Moines Mill". At that time there were many mills in the valley and the hamlet of Melin, another dependency of the commune, inherited the name.

At the site of the medieval castle there is now the Church of Saint-Martin-Duresses Auxey whose steeple is made from Tuff. Inside there are some paintings, including a triptych relating the life of Mary.Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[3] The present chateau belonged to the Marquis de MacMahon, one of whose descendants became Marshal of France and Duke of Magenta.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Auxey-Duresses
Blazon:

Party per pale of Or and Gules, over all a chevron inverted of Vert debruised by a billhook Argent handled in Sable in pale.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

Mayors from 1934
From To Name Party Position
1934 1945 François Lafouge
1945 1977 Robert Creusefond
1977 1995 Jean Lafouge
1995 2008 Dominique Boire
2008 2014 Agnès Diconne
2014 2020 Bernard Battault

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 333 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
684 733 776 856 877 915 879 834 823
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
801 780 810 801 789 742 768 680 645
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
649 659 526 421 431 413 415 365 374
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
398 407 329 345 351 367 343 333 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Auxey-Duresses
Panorama of the Vineyards

Wine[edit]

A bottle of Auxey-Duresses wine
Main article: Auxey-Duresses wine

Auxey-Duresses is one of the wine communes of the Côte de Beaune with 80 hectares of red wines (including 27 hectares in 1st Vintage) and 35.60 hectares of white wines (including 1.35 hectare in 1st Vintage).[5]

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Petit-Auxey (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Meulin (1867)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) at an unnamed place (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-Martin

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Church of Petit-Auxey (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • The Church of Saint-Martin (14th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11] The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Painting: Saint Theresa of Avila and Saint John of the Cross (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[12]
    • A Painting: Fainting of Saint Theresa of Avila (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[13]
    • A Painting: Saint Catherine of Sienna (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[14]
    • A Painting: Saint Hyacinthe (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[15]
    • A Painting: The dead Christ (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[16]
    • A Retable (Triptyque) depicting the life of the Virgin (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[3]


  • A Cemetery CrossLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • The Cemetery (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Pierre Poupon, Pierre Forgeot, Paul Devaux, and Louis Régis Affre, The Wines of Burgundy, 9th edition, Presses universitaires de France, 1980, 351 pages (French)

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Côte-d'Or (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM2100011922 A Retable (Triptyque) depicting the life of the Virgin (French)Camera aabb.svg
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Burgundy wines website
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000609 Lavoir at Petit-Auxey (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000608 Lavoir at Meulin (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000607 Lavoir at an unnamed place (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000606 Lavoir (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112080 Church of Petit-Auxey (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112079 Church (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000124 Painting: Saint Theresa of Avila and Saint John of the Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000123 Painting: Fainting of Saint Theresa of Avila (French)Camera aabb.svg
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000122 Painting: Saint Catherine of Sienna (French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000121 Painting: Saint Hyacinthe (French)Camera aabb.svg
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000120 Painting: The dead Christ (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112078 Cemetery Cross (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112077 Cemetery (French)Camera aabb.svg