Location of Auxvasse, Missouri
|• Total||0.76 sq mi (1.97 km2)|
|• Land||0.76 sq mi (1.97 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||869 ft (265 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||981|
|• Density||1,293.4/sq mi (499.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0713496|
Auxvasse is located at .(39.016478, -91.896780)
As of the census of 2010, there were 983 people, 405 households, and 261 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,293.4 inhabitants per square mile (499.4 /km2). There were 472 housing units at an average density of 621.1 per square mile (239.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.1% White, 3.2% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 405 households of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.6% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03.
The median age in the city was 36.5 years. 28.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 13.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 901 people, 381 households, and 240 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,356.6 people per square mile (527.1/km²). There were 400 housing units at an average density of 602.3 per square mile (234.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.01% White, 3.22% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population.
There were 381 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,875, and the median income for a family was $42,700. Males had a median income of $28,214 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,785. About 6.7% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 18.1% of those age 65 or over.
Auxvasse was laid out in the fall of 1871. Mr. Thomas B. Harris, who owned the land, founded the town when the Louisiana and Missouri River Railroad announced plans to build a rail line from Mexico, Missouri, to Cedar City. He named the town Clinton City. The official plat was filed in the Callaway County Recorder's office on October 23, 1873. Mr. Harris's town was bustling with nearly 100 people by that time.
Carpenter S.B. Meyers built the first Auxvasse homes in 1872. He also built a carpenter shop that was later converted into a blacksmith shop.
The first post office was established in about 1874. That brought to light the existence of another Missouri town named Clinton in Henry County. It was clear the name of the town had to be changed to avoid confusion. In fact, the U.S. Post Office insisted. A town meeting was called to allow citizens to suggest a new name. No one could agree on any certain name until the supervisor in charge of construction of the new Auxvasse Creek railroad bridge stepped forward. He suggested the town be named Auxvasse, after the creek. Everyone quickly agreed and the name was changed to Auxvasse.
The name Auxvasse was given to the creek by early French explorers who had trouble crossing the stream in the area east of the present town of Mokane. Lillbourn W. Boggs, who later became governor of Missouri, was traveling with the Frenchmen at the time. Some of the wagons became mired and were pulled free only after long hard labor by the entire company. Thereafter, the French called the stream "Riviere Aux Vases" or river with miry places.
The first Board of Trustees of Auxvasse was appointed by the County Court in 1885. Members of that first board were J.A. Harrison, Edwin Swon, E.M. Dudley, Joseph F. Rohn, and W.D. Frisbie. All of these men were prominent in the early development of Auxvasse.
John A. Harrison, who came from Mexico, Missouri, to Auxvasse, appears many times in the early records. He was the first postmaster. He served from 1874 until 1883. He was also appointed another term as postmaster in the early 1890s. The post office was housed in the town's first mercantile building, erected by Mr. Harrison in 1872. He was also in a lumber business and a brick making business. In 1878, J.A. and his brother, James N. Harrison, began burning lime, putting up the first draw kiln of important size in the county. The kiln was located south of Auxvasse.
J.A. Harrison also built the first brick building in town in 1876. The first story was used as a general store and the second for the Odd Fellows Lodge room. The building was enlarged in 1884 and has been used for many purposes over the years.
Lloyd King started the Auxvasse Review, a weekly newspaper, in 1888. Until 1923 it was located on the second floor of the J.A. Harrison building mentioned above. Another J.A. Harrison building, the Auxvasse Bank building, was erected in 1886. The bank remained open until July 5, 1924.
The Auxvasse Flour Mill and Saw Mill was established in 1881 by Charles Martin. It was located on the west side of town on Harrison Street. It was destroyed by fire. Another flour mill was built on the southwest corner of Walnut and Mill Streets. It was also destroyed by fire.
Following the disastrous drought of 1901, there was a strong demand for a better water supply than the cisterns then in use. The service of a "water witch" and his peach tree branch was enlisted. He located a vein of water in the center of Main Street. A well was drilled at that point and water was found in abundance. A wooden water tower and tank were erected and a pump operated by a gasoline engine was installed. A few stores then had water piped into them. Several outdoor hydrants were placed in the business section of town. A watering trough for horses was located on the east side of Main Street a short distance south of the Walnut Street intersection. This waterworks served the town until 1914.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Auxvasse city, Missouri". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 267.