Avalon (Roxy Music album)
|Studio album by Roxy Music|
|Released||28 May 1982 (LP)
September 1983 (CD)
|Studio||Compass Point Studios, Nassau; The Power Station, Manhattan, New York|
|Producer||Rhett Davies and Roxy Music|
|Roxy Music chronology|
|Singles from Avalon|
Avalon is the eighth and final studio album by the British band Roxy Music. Released in May 1982, it was recorded in 1981–82 at Compass Point Studios in Nassau, Bahamas, and is generally regarded as the culmination of the smoother, more adult-oriented sound of the band's later work. It was the band's most successful studio album, reaching No. 1 in the UK (for 3 weeks) and staying on the album charts for over a year. Although it only climbed as high as No. 53, Avalon is notable as the band's only platinum record in the US.
A single, "More Than This," preceded the album and was a Top 10 hit in Britain, Australia, and several European countries. The title track was released as the album's second single and also became a UK Top 20 hit. A third extract, "Take a Chance With Me", with a remixed version of album track "The Main Thing" on the b-side, reached the UK Top 30 and was Roxy Music's last UK hit single to date.
Though perhaps less apparently than previous albums, Avalon continued the tradition for Roxy Music albums to feature images of women on the cover artwork. Bryan Ferry's girlfriend (and soon to be wife) Lucy Helmore appeared on the album cover (designed by Peter Saville) wearing a medieval helmet with a falcon perched on her gloved hand, evoking King Arthur's last journey to the mysterious land of Avalon.
Background and production
Bryan Ferry started working on the material for Avalon while staying at Crumlin Lodge on the west coast of Ireland. Ferry was there with his girlfriend, Lucy Helmore, who would become his wife in 1983. The album cover artwork featured the same lake that can be seen from the lodge. Phil Manzanera has said about the making of the record "By the time you get to Avalon, 90 per cent of it was being written in the studio. That album was a product of completely changing our working methods," adding "for the last three albums, quite frankly, there were a lot more drugs around as well, which was good and bad. It created a lot of paranoia and a lot of spaced-out stuff." Bryan Ferry said "I've often thought I should do an album where the songs are all bound together in the style of West Side Story, but it's always seemed like too much bother to work that way. So instead, I have these 10 poems, or short stories, that could, with a bit more work, be fashioned into a novel. Avalon is part of the King Arthur legend and is a very romantic thing, when King Arthur dies, the Queens ferry him off to Avalon, which is sort of an enchanted island. It's the ultimate romantic fantasy place.”
Phil Manzenara has said of the title track, "Avalon", "When we were recording the third or fourth album in London we'd often be working in the same studio as Bob Marley, who'd be downstairs doing all of those famous albums. It just had to rub off somewhere." Rhett Davies recounted the story of how the song got made: "With the 'Avalon' song we had to recut the entire song right at the end of the album. We were actually mixing the album, and the version of the song that we'd done just wasn't working out, so as we were mixing we recut the entire song with a completely different groove. We finished it off the last weekend we were mixing. We put some percussion on and some drums on, and then on the Sunday, in the quiet studio time they used to let local bands come in to do demos, Bryan and I popped out for a coffee, and we heard a girl singing in the studio next door. It was a Haitian band that had come in to do some demos, and Bryan and I just looked at each other and went 'What a fantastic voice!' That turned out to be Yanick Etienne, who sang all the high stuff on 'Avalon'. She didn't speak a word of English. Her boyfriend, who was the band's manager, came in and translated. And then the next day we mixed it."
In 1989, the album was ranked No. 31 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "The 100 Greatest Albums of the 1980s". In 1993, Entertainment Weekly included the CD as No. 25 in their 100 Greatest CDs A Love-It-Or-Loathe-It Guide to the Essential Disc Library. In 2003, the album was ranked number 307 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Avalon is the highest entry of four Roxy Music albums that made the list (Siren, For Your Pleasure and Country Life being the others). In 2012, Slant Magazine listed the album at No. 45 on its list of "Best Albums of the 1980s". In the 1982 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll done by the Village Voice, Avalon was voted the 11th best album of 1982.
The album has consistently been praised by critics. Reviewing the album in Rolling Stone, Kurt Loder wrote "Avalon takes a long time to kick in, but it finally does, and it's a good one. Bryan Ferry stars as a remarkably expressive keyboard player and singer whose familiar mannerisms are subsumed in a rich, benevolent self-assurance. And reed man Andy Mackay shines in a series of cameos (his oboe meditation on Ferry's "Tara" is particularly lovely). Ten years after its debut, Roxy Music has mellowed: the occasional stark piano chords in "While My Heart Is Still Beating," for example, recall the stately mood of "A Song for Europe," but the sound is softer, dreamier and less determinedly dramatic now. Ferry's songwriting, however, has seldom seemed stronger."
Mark Coleman in the Rolling Stone Album Guide gave the record 4 and half stars out of 5 and wrote; "this austere, beautiful set of songs represents a mature peak. The controlled chaotic edge of the early albums is completely gone, and cofounders Manzanera and Mackay provide only skeletal guitar and sax lines. Ferry fills in the details, creating layered synth landscapes around his tragic scenarios and melodic ruminations. Avalon's pervasive influence on the British pop scene of the '80s can't be overstated. Roxy Music's stature is even further enhanced by the absence of a latter-day comeback album. So far, anyway." The Spin Alternative Record Guide rated Avalon nine out of ten: "1982's Avalon remains one of the all-time great makeout infernos, a synthesized version of Al Green's Call Me, Van Morrison's Moondance, and João Gilberto's Amoroso."
2003 surround-sound remix
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2014)|
In 2003, Virgin reissued Avalon on Hybrid Super Audio CD with a new 5.1-channel surround sound remix by the original production team of Rhett Davies (the producer) and Bob Clearmountain (the mixing engineer). The original 1982 stereo mix is left intact and is the same for the CD layer and for the HD layer, allegedly being transferred from analogue master tapes to DSD and processed in DSD throughout the process. The surround part of the HD layer includes the full album in the original running order plus the bonus track "Always Unknowing", whose original stereo mix is only available on CD on the 4-CD boxed set The Thrill of It All and in the 2012 Roxy Music Complete Recordings boxed set.
Except for "India", the short instrumental piece whose original multi-track tape had been lost, all tracks in the surround mix were remixed from multi-track sources, as opposed to two-channel stereo mixes being 'upmixed' to 5.1 as in some DVD-Video releases. For "India," the stereo mix is panned clockwise a few times as the track plays, which ends in the rear right channel, from which the saxophone begins the next piece, "While My Heart Is Still Beating," making up for "India" not being a fully-fledged surround recording. The surround mix has roughly the same running times as the ten tracks present in the stereo mix. The main difference is in the stereo image being 360-degrees wide, as opposed to a front image plus rear ambiance, and the levels at which various tracks from the multi-track are mixed into the multi-channel mix. For instance, the guitar parts in "The Main Thing" and "Take a Chance With Me" are noticeably more prominent in the multi-channel mix than in the stereo mix. Guitar, saxophone, synthesizer, and percussion parts are often placed in the rear part of the sound field, while lead vocals tend to stick to the front centre, as opposed to being mixed in dual-mono in front left and right like in the somewhat traditional 2.0 stereo mixing.
In an interview with Sound on Sound regarding the surround-sound remix of Avalon, Clearmountain stated "This record probably means more to me than anything I've ever done. I've had more comments and compliments on this album by far than anything else I've ever done."
All songs written by Bryan Ferry except as noted.
|1.||"More than This"||4:30|
|2.||"The Space Between"||4:30|
|5.||"While My Heart Is Still Beating" (Ferry, Andy Mackay)||3:26|
|1.||"The Main Thing"||3:54|
|2.||"Take a Chance with Me" (Ferry, Phil Manzanera)||4:42|
|3.||"To Turn You On"||4:16|
|4.||"True to Life"||4:25|
|5.||"Tara" (Ferry, Mackay)||1:43|
- Roxy Music
- Bryan Ferry - lead vocals, keyboards, guitar synthesizer
- Andy Mackay - saxophone
- Phil Manzanera - lead guitar
- Additional personnel
- Paul Carrack - piano (on track 8)
- Yanick Etienne - backing vocals (on track 3)
- Neil Hubbard - guitar
- Neil Jason - bass (on tracks 2, 6, 7 & 9)
- Jimmy Maelen - percussion (on tracks 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 9)
- Rick Marotta - drums (on track 8)
- Kermit Moore - cello (on track 8)
- Andy Newmark - drums (on tracks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 9)
- Alan Spenner - bass (on tracks 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10)
- Fonzi Thornton - backing vocals (on tracks 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, and 9)
- Peter Revill - Assistant producer
- Ian Little - Assistant producer
- Benjamin Arbiter - Assistant producer
- Barry Bongiovi - Assistant producer
- Colin Good - Assistant producer
- Bob Clearmountain - Engineering, Mixing
- Michael Boddy - Tape archivist
- "More Than This" / "India" (March 1982) (#6 UK, #6 AUS, #2 NOR, #6 SWI, #8 FRA, #17 SWE, #24 GER, #24 NED, #32 ITA)
- "Avalon" / "Always Unknowing" (June 1982) (#13 UK, #22 AUS)
- "Take a Chance With Me" / "The Main Thing (Remix)" (September 1982) (#26 UK)
|1982||Australian Kent Music Report Albums Chart||1|
|1982||Canadian RPM Top 50 Albums Chart||1|
|1982||UK Albums Chart||1|
|1982||U.S. Billboard 200||53|
Avalon in popular culture
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2014)|
- Two songs from the album have been used in Grand Theft Auto, appearing on the in-game soundtrack on Emotion 98.3 in 2002 & 2006: "More Than This" in Grand Theft Auto: Vice City and "Avalon" in Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories.
- The Captain, a character from Marvel Comics' Nextwave: Agents of H.A.T.E., went briefly by the alias "Captain Avalon." He quickly dropped the moniker after learning from his mother that Avalon was the album playing when he was conceived.
- In the Max Brooks novel World War Z, the title song is mentioned. It is sung by a Scripps College student "with a voice like an angel" to inspire the exhausted defenders before the last major zombie incursion, during The Battle of the Five Colleges in Claremont, California.
- When the Toyota Avalon sedan was released to the New Zealand market in 2000, the advertising campaign used the song "Avalon". Due to the success of the campaign, Roxy Music/Bryan Ferry CD compilations in music shops soon had stickers proclaiming "Featuring 'Avalon,' from the Toyota Avalon car commercial".
- Bill Murray performs "More Than This" in a memorable karaoke scene in the 2003 movie Lost in Translation.
- "While My Heart Is Still Beating" was used in an episode of Ashes to Ashes.
- In 2008, Kate Ceberano recorded a version for her album So Much Beauty.
- "To Turn You On" was covered by Robyn Hitchcock on his 2014 album The Man Upstairs.
Complete Madness by Madness
|UK Albums Chart number one album
5 June 1982
19 June 1982 – 26 June 1982
Complete Madness by Madness
The Lexicon of Love by ABC
Rio by Duran Duran
|Australian Kent Music Report number-one album
12 July 1982 – 26 July 1982
Sons of Beaches by Australian Crawl
- Peter Saville (sleeves)
- Rigby, Jonathan. Roxy Music: Both Ends Burning. 2005 pg. 243
- "Birch, Ian (27 May 1982). "Album Reviews (Roxy Music - "Avalon")". Smash Hits (EMAP Metro) 4 (11): p19.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "allmusic ((( Avalon > Review )))". Allmusic. Retrieved 17 March 2010.
- Brackett, Nathan. "Roxy Music". The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. November 2004. pg. 705, cited 17 March 2010
- Christgau, Robert. "Roxy Music". robertchristgau.com, Retrieved on 17 March 2010.
- Tom Ewing. "The Complete Studio Records 1972–1982". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- DeCurtis, Anthony (Ed.). "Roxy Music". Rolling Stone Album Guide. 1992. pg. 607
- Weisbard, Eric. "Roxy Music". Spin Alternative Record Guide. October 1995. pg. 337
- "Recording & Remixing Roxy Music's Avalon". Sound On Sound. Retrieved 1 July 2014.