Avenay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the town in the Marne département, see Avenay-Val-d'Or.
Avenay
Tombstone in the old Fierville Church at Avenay
Tombstone in the old Fierville Church at Avenay
Avenay is located in France
Avenay
Avenay
Coordinates: 49°06′07″N 0°27′32″W / 49.1019°N 0.4589°W / 49.1019; -0.4589Coordinates: 49°06′07″N 0°27′32″W / 49.1019°N 0.4589°W / 49.1019; -0.4589
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Évrecy
Intercommunality Évrecy-Orne-Odon
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Louis Lechevalier
Area
 • Land1 5.62 km2 (2.17 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 519
 • Population2 density 92/km2 (240/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14034 / 14210
Elevation 35–120 m (115–394 ft)
(avg. 90 m or 300 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Avenay is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region of north-western France.

Geography[edit]

Avenay is located some 12 km south-west of Caen just east of Évrecy. Access to the commune is by the D36 road from Sainte-Honorine-du-Fay in the south-west which passes through the heart of the commune and the village and continues north to join the D8. Apart from the village there is the hamlet of La Coquerie on the eastern border. The commune consists entirely of farmland.[1]

The Guigne river flows along the northern border of the commune towards the east where it joins the Orne south of Bully.[1]

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

History[edit]

The oldest traces of Avenay village date from Gallo-Roman times. In 1820-1821 some remains of Gallo-Roman houses were found. In the Middle Ages, the village depended on the Bishop of Bayeux.[2]

In 1827 Avenay (336 inhabitants in 1821) absorbed Fierville-en-Bessin (68 people) in the east of its territory.[3]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1850 Louis Touraille
1850 1860 Jean Labbé
1860 1863 Adolphe Viel
1863 1870 Pierre Gallet
1870 1872 Jean-Louis Londe
1872 1875 Edouard Accard
1875 1881 Gustave Feron
1881 1883 Pierre Sauvage
1883 1902 Jean-Louis Londe
1902 1909 Louis Lebrun
1909 1923 Émile Lemoine
1923 1937 Louis Lemonnier
1937 1945 Jean Barbot
1945 1977 Pierre Lecorsu
1977 1989 François Lecorsu
1989 1995 Lucien Martin
1995 2014 Gérard Lemoine
2014 2020 Jean-Louis Lechevalier

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 519 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

This table includes the population of Fierville-en-Bassin prior to 1827.

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
390 287 402 404 435 430 433 435 395
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
409 398 370 345 338 314 310 289 267
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
238 242 257 240 239 230 232 184 210
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
238 293 302 372 384 406 - 519 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Avenay

Sites and Monuments[edit]

Tomb in the old Fierville Church
  • The Church of Mary of the Assumption (Reconstruction).
  • Ruins of the Church of Fierville.[5]
  • The Chateau of Fierville (16th century).
  • Pompierre Manor (15th century).

Activities and events[edit]

Each year, during the 3rd weekend in June, the Festival Committee of Avenay organises an inter-regional competition of bread.

One hundred bakers are judged every year. The competition focuses on different types of bread: Pain brié, Pain de campagne, traditional Baguettes, Croissants etc.

The jury, composed of baking professionals and consumers, use many criteria of quality and presentation.

The results are announced on Sunday afternoon at the fair in the village. The fair begins with a snack of Tripe at 9 am which brings hundreds of gourmands. The day continues with Mass and an exceptional sale of gold tripe.

On this day, the bakers make bread and pastries using bakery equipment and ovens installed specially for the festival. Visitors can buy bread made before their eyes.

The school fair is also held on the same day. On this occasion the students of the school perform several Norman dances in traditional costumes.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Arcisse de Caumont, Monumental Statistic of Calvados, Hardel, Caen, 1846, Vol. 1, p. 129-131 (French)
  3. ^ Communal Notice on Fierville-en Bessin (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Photo of the Church of Fierville on Ministryb of Culture Memoire database (French)