||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (August 2013)|
|City of Aventura, Florida|
|Motto: "City Of Excellence"|
|Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida|
|• Mayor||Susan Gottlieb|
|• Total||3.5 sq mi (9.1 km2)|
|• Land||2.7 sq mi (7.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.8 sq mi (1.1 km2)|
|Elevation||3 ft (1 m)|
|• Density||13,245/sq mi (5,114/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||305, 786|
|GNIS feature ID||1777315|
Aventura is a planned, suburban city located in northeastern Miami-Dade County, Florida. The city name is from the Spanish word for "adventure", and was named "Aventura" after one of the developers of the original group of condominiums in the area remarked to the others, "What an adventure this is going to be." The name predates the well known mall (Aventura Mall) built near the condominium developments. According to the U.S. Census estimates of 2010, the city had a population of 35,762.
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Aventura began its development during the early 1970s. The area was initially referred to as Turnberry. Aventura became an incorporated city in 1995. The Aventura Police Department was formed in 1997.
Aventura is home to the luxury resort Turnberry Isle, where the yacht Monkey Business was docked during the Gary Hart/Donna Rice incident, which contributed to Hart ending his 1988 bid for presidency.
The Aventura Mall, the fifth largest shopping mall in the US, is also located here,.
Geography and climate
Aventura is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2). Of that, 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (23.08%) is water.
- Hallandale Beach
- Hallandale Beach Hallandale Beach
- Ojus Golden Beach, Sunny Isles Beach
- North Miami Beach Sunny Isles Beach
- North Miami Beach
Aventura has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am) with hot and humid summers and short, warm winters, with a marked drier season in the winter. The city sees most of its rain in the summer (wet season) and is mainly dry in winter (dry season). The wet season, which is hot and humid, lasts from May to September, when it gives way to the dry season, which features mild temperatures with some invasions of colder air, which is when the little winter rainfall occurs-with the passing of a front. The hurricane season largely coincides with the wet season.
In addition to its sea-level elevation, coastal location and position just north of the Tropic of Cancer, the area owes its warm, humid climate to the Gulf Stream, which moderates climate year-round. A typical summer day does not see temperatures below 75 °F (24 °C). Temperatures in the high 80s to low 90s (30–35 °C) accompanied by high humidity are often relieved by afternoon thunderstorms or a sea breeze that develops off the Atlantic Ocean, which then allow lower temperatures, although conditions still remain very muggy. During winter, humidity is significantly lower, allowing for cooler weather to develop. Average minimum temperatures during that time are around 59 °F (15 °C), rarely dipping below 40 °F (4 °C), and the equivalent maxima usually range between 65 and 75 °F (18 and 24 °C).
Hurricane season begins June 1 and is officially over November 30. Aventura was severely hit by Hurricane Wilma on October 24, 2005 and was still undergoing recovery as of November 2011. The library was decimated and still yet to be rebuilt. Terraces flew off of highrises and condos on high floors were flooded with many of their walls exploding into next-door apartments and adjacent hallways. Countless highrise windows exploded and electricity stopped.
As of the census of 2000, there were 25,267 people, 14,000 households, and 6,691 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,344.7 inhabitants per square mile (3,613.2/km2). There were 20,020 housing units at an average density of 7,404.2 per square mile (2,862.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75% White (non-Hispanic), 20.65% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 1.70% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.22% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.45% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races.
There were 14,000 households out of which 11.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 52.2% were non-families. 45.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.79 and the average family size was 2.45.
In the city the population was spread out with 10.1% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 35.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53 years. For every 100 females there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,526, and the median income for a family was $59,507. Males had a median income of $50,791 versus $37,682 for females. The per capita income for the city was $41,092. About 5.6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2000, speakers of English as their first language accounted for 59.92% of the population, while Spanish accounted for 22.63% of residents. Those who spoke Hebrew were at 3.66%, and Yiddish was spoken 2.78% of the population. Other languages spoken include Portuguese 2.65%, French 2.40%, Russian 1.75%, and German at 1.46% of city residents.
Aventura is known for its substantial Jewish population, many of whom come from the Northeast (New York, Chicago, Boston, etc.) Besides American Jews, Aventura also has experienced a significant influx of Hispanic Jews (especially Argentine Jews, Cuban Jews, Colombian Jews, and Venezuelan Jews,) Brazilian Jews, French Jews, Russian Jews, Portuguese Jews, German Jews, Canadian Jews and Israelis also residing in the city.
As of 2000, Aventura had the seventeenth highest percentage of Brazilian residents in the US, with 1.9% of the US populace. the thirtieth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 4.25% of the city's population, and the ninety-second highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, at 2.89% of the city's population. It also had the twelfth most Israelis in the US, at 2.4%, while it had the thirteenth highest percentage of Romanians (tied with Hartford, Ohio and Bern, Pennsylvania,) at 1.8% of all residents. Aventura's Russian community had the twenty-fifth highest percentage of residents, which was at 12.4%, while it was the thirteenth highest Venezuelan community in the US, which made up 1.31% of the population.
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The Aventura Express shuttle bus is a city run public bus service, free to Aventura residents. The Miami-Dade Transit, and Broward County transit bus systems also run through the city. The Metrorail and Metromover do, however, serve the city, but via Metrobus connections to Government Center via Biscayne Boulevard/US 1. Aventura is one of Miami-Dade's most car-centric neighborhoods, and due to the increasing population growth over a 25 year period, traffic has become congested, despite the fact that Biscayne Boulevard (US-1) is up to ten lanes wide through the city. The intersection where Ives Dairy Road meets US-1 has been raised, but still creates a back up. Buildings in Aventura have large parking lots or garages that are often free, encouraging car use. For example, Aventura Mall has nearly 10,000 free parking spaces.
The main north-south road in the city is Biscayne Bouelevard (US-1) and the main east-west route is the William H. Lehman Causeway. Although no interstates run through the city, I-95 is just five minutes away.
By 2015, Tri-Rail commuter rail service may run on the FEC line that runs parallel to Biscayne Boulevard through Aventura. Until then, Aventura has no other means of transportation other than roads. One of the proposed lines for the Miami Metrorail was a corridor that would follow US-1 from downtown Miami to the Dade-Broward County line between Aventura and Hallandale Beach.
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The City Commission enacts local ordinances and laws, adopts resolutions authorizing actions on behalf of the city, reviews plans for development, and establishes the policies by which the city is governed. The City Commission comprises seven members—six commissioners and the mayor:
- Susan Gottlieb, Mayor
- Enbar Cohen, Commissioner
- Howard Weinberg, Commissioner
- Terry Holzberg, Commissioner & wife of one of the founders of Aventura and former commissioner, Harry Holzberg
- Billy Joel, Commissioner
- Michael Stern, Commissioner
- Luz Urbáez Weinberg, Commissioner
The City Commission also hires the City Attorney, City Clerk, and City Manager, who then hire all subordinate employees. The city manager oversees the day-to-day operations of the city government, administers the city's service providers, prepares long-range plans, and implements the policies established by the City Commission. Eric M. Soroka is the current City Manager, while Teresa M. Soroka is the current City Clerk.
Aventura is served by the Miami–Ft. Lauderdale market for local radio and television. Aventura has its own newspaper, Aventura News, which is published weekly and is part of Miami's Community Newspapers, "The Voice of the Community". The city has a magazine named Aventura Magazine and is served by The Miami Herald and El Nuevo Herald.
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The most famous shopping attraction is Aventura Mall, a 2,400,000 sq ft (222,967 m2) indoor shopping center. The outdoor malls are "Loehmann's Fashion Island", "Aventura Shopping Center", "Aventura Commons", "The Promenade Shops", and "The Shoppes at the Waterways".
The city also has its own exclusive parks and recreation department which operate Founders Park, Founders Park Bayside, Waterways Park, Waterways Dog Park, Veterans Park, The Community Recreation Center, and the new Liberal Arts theater.
In the center of the heart of Aventura is The Turnberry Golf Course encapsulated by Aventura's Country Club Drive Circle, a multimillion dollar horticultural three-mile walking/jogging paved promenade which overlooks lakes, opulent residential highrises, yachts and the Atlantic Ocean.
Aventura is served by the Miami-Dade County Public Schools system.
The Aventura City of Excellence School was for years the only public school located within the City of Aventura. It is a K–8 charter school that is sponsored by the city. The Aventura City of Excellence School is operated by a private charter school company called Charter Schools USA. It is an award winning school despite the fact that it was built and opened in 2003. The school was ranked in the top 10 of all schools in Florida in 2006. Children who live in Aventura are given admission preference during the admission lottery held every year. The school has an enrollment cap of 100 students per grade so that the school will never be overcrowded. There is another public school that serves the residents of Aventura called Aventura Waterways K–8 center. It is not funded or run by the City of Aventura but by Miami-Dade public schools. The school is located outside of the city limits but all children that live in Aventura are in the boundary for that school. Dr. Michael Krop High School in unincorporated Miami-Dade County is currently the sole high school serving Aventura residents. Even though parts of Aventura are closer to Alonzo and Tracy Mourning Senior High Biscayne Bay Campus than to Krop, no Aventura residents were rezoned there after Mourning opened.
Regional universities and higher education institutions include:
- Florida International University: Biscayne Bay Campus (North Miami)
Charter Schools USA was named in a lawsuit brought on by Principal Katherine Murphy of the Aventura City of Excellence School. Murphy sued the City Manager of Aventura and CSUSA for wrongful termination in 2006. At the time of the termination and lawsuit, Murphy did not work for CSUSA but instead worked for the City. Judge Rosa Rodriguez reversed the Jury's verdict, finding in favor of Aventura and CSUSA.[16
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Dellagloria, Rebecca (January 2, 2009). "Historian's new project: Aventura". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2009-01-06.[dead link]
- Aventura city, Florida, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2007.
- "Clinton's Golden Voice". The Washington Post.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "World Map of Köppen−Geiger Climate Classification".
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 8 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-30.
- Census figures in 1980 & 1990 were enumerated prior to incorporation as Aventura CDP.
- "Modern Language Association Data Results of Aventura, Florida". Modern Language Association. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
- Major Jewish American Communities
- "Ancestry Map of Brazilian Communities". Epodunk.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
- "Ancestry Map of Colombian Communities". Epodunk.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
- "Ancestry Map of Cuban Communities". Epodunk.com. Archived from the original on 7 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
- "Ancestry Map of Israeli Communities". Epodunk.com. Archived from the original on 7 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
- "Ancestry Map of Romanian Communities". Epodunk.com. Archived from the original on 7 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
- "Ancestry Map of Russian Communities". Epodunk.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
- "Ancestry Map of Venezuelan Communities". Epodunk.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-27.
- "AVENTURA: In Aventura, high school boundaries take center stage, The Aventura City Commission will hold a workshop to address concerns about the school boundaries for the Alonzo and Tracy Mourning High School Biscayne Bay Campus." Miami Herald. November 19, 2009. Retrieved on May 6, 2012.
- Miami-Dade Public Library System - Northeast Branch