Avenue of the Saints

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Avenue of the Saints logo.svg

Avenue of the Saints
High Priority Corridor 2
Route information
Length: 563 mi (906 km)
Existed: 1991 – present
Component
highways:
Major junctions
South end: I-64 near St. Louis, Mo.
 
North end: I-94 at St. Paul, Minn.
Highway system

Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act

Iowa 26 Iowa Highway 27 shield Iowa 28
Route 25 Route 27 shield Route 28

The Avenue of the Saints is a 563-mile-long (906 km) highway in the Midwestern United States that connects St. Paul, Minnesota and St. Louis, Missouri.

Route description[edit]

Missouri[edit]

The southern end of the Avenue of the Saints is at exit 28A of Interstate 64 (I-64) /U.S. Route 40 (US 40), which is also the southern end of its concurrency with US 61. The Avenue of the Saints heads west, to Chesterfield, crossing I-270. Here, the Avenue of the Saints turns northwest, crosses the Missouri River via the Daniel Boone Bridge. In Wentzville, the route interchanges with I-70. The western end of I-64 and the northern end of the concurrency with US 40 is here. The Avenue of the Saints continues north as just US 61, intersects with the western end of I-72 in Hannibal, reaches the northern terminoUS of its concurrency with US 61, then crosses the Des Moines River into Iowa.

The Avenue of the Saints is co-signed with Missouri Route 27 to the Iowa state line.

Iowa[edit]

In Iowa, the Avenue of the Saints is a 282-mile-long (454 km)[1] highway, which begins in Lee County where Missouri Route 27 crosses the Des Moines River, and ends at the Minnesota state line in Worth County, concurrent with Interstate 35. Construction of the Avenue of the Saints corridor in Iowa was completed on May 23, 2006.

The route runs north from the Missouri state line as just Iowa Highway 27 for about ten miles (16 km), then is co-signed with US 218 until just south of Cedar Rapids, crossing I-80 in Iowa City. This is also the location of the southern end of its concurrency with I-380, and this concurrency terminates in Waterloo. Near Floyd, US 218 splits off, just after the route starts a concurrency with US 18, running west to its intersection with I-35, where the route turns north again and runs into Minnesota.

In 2001, the Iowa Department of Transportation designated the Avenue of the Saints as Iowa 27. Prior to its creation, motorists wanting to travel the Avenue through Iowa had to follow a lengthy list of directions: (heading north from Missouri) Iowa 394, US 218, I-380, US 20, Iowa 58, US 218 (again), US 18 and I-35.

As with many rural expressways in Iowa, the Avenue of the Saints has exit numbers in that state. The exit numbers correspond to the underlying U.S. Highway or Interstate Highway – US 218, I-380, US 20, US 18 and I-35. The section along Iowa 58 in Cedar Falls has no exit numbers, and the separate section south of Donnellson has one numbered exit—the northbound one to US 218 south—based on Iowa 27's mileage.

Minnesota[edit]

In Minnesota, the Avenue of the Saints is co-signed with I-35 and I-35E for the entirety of its length in that state. The route runs straight north, crosses I-90 in Albert Lea, and runs to its northern end in St. Paul, shortly after crossing the Mississippi River via the Lexington Bridge.

History[edit]

The Avenue of the Saints was the idea of Mount Pleasant, Iowa, businessman Ernest Hayes, who envisioned a four-lane highway between St. Paul and St. Louis in the 1980s. The Iowa Department of Transportation decided to study the idea in 1988. Several politicians endorsed the idea, including then-Mount Pleasant mayor Tom Vilsack, Senator Chuck Grassley of Iowa, and Congressmen David Nagle and Fred Grandy of Iowa and Dick Gephardt of Missouri.

By the end of 1989, four possible routes for the Avenue of the Saints were under consideration by the Federal Highway Administration. Two of the rejected routes would have followed US 52 and US 63 from St. Paul through Rochester, Minnesota, to Waterloo, Iowa.
The third rejected route would have followed US 61 from St. Paul through La Crosse, Wisconsin, and Dubuque, Iowa, to Davenport, Iowa, and US 67 from Davenport crossing the Mississippi River through western Illinois to Alton, Illinois and crossing the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers to St. Louis.

In 1990 the FHWA chose its route for the Avenue of the Saints:
The highway would follow the existing Interstate 35 from St. Paul to a point south of Clear Lake, Iowa; U.S. Route 18 to Charles City, Iowa; U.S. Route 218 to Cedar Falls, Iowa; Iowa Highway 58 and U.S. Route 20 around Cedar Falls and Waterloo, Iowa; Interstate 380 from Waterloo through Cedar Rapids to Interstate 80 near Coralville, Iowa and Iowa City, Iowa; U.S. 218 to Donnellson, Iowa; Iowa Highway 394 and Route B to Wayland, Missouri; and U.S. 61 and Interstate 64 from Wayland to St. Louis.

The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 made the Avenue of the Saints an official "high-priority corridor," and signs were put along the route by the end of the year. At that time the only four-lane segments were I-35, I-380, and I-64; US&nbsp20 around Waterloo; US 218 from I-80 to Iowa 22 near Riverside, Iowa; and two segments of US 61 in Missouri (from La Grange to New London and from Bowling Green to St. Louis). The decision had also been made to build the Avenue of the Saints to expressway standards—with intersections at rural roads—rather than to full freeway standards as a cost-saving measure. Freeway segments would be built around cities that needed to be bypassed.

After the routing was approved, both Iowa and Missouri began constructing new four-lane segments. Iowa opened bypasses around Waverly (1998), Mason City (1999), Charles City (2000), Mount Pleasant (2001), and Donnellson (2004). A four-lane link between I-35 and I-380 was completed with the opening of a segment near Nashua in November 2003. Missouri completed four-lane segments from New London to Bowling Green in November 2000 and from Canton to La Grange in 2003.

In 2001, the Iowa Department of Transportation gave the Avenue of the Saints its own highway number: Iowa 27. The number was added as an additional number to the existing routes; however, after the Donnellson bypass opened in 2004, Iowa 394 was decommissioned and Iowa 27 is now a standalone highway south of the split with US 218.

On December 8, 2004, a new four-lane bridge across the Des Moines River opened; this replaced an existing toll bridge operated by the Wayland Special Road District. A new four-lane road between the bridge and U.S. 61 south of Wayland also opened that day. This road was numbered Route 27 to match Iowa's number for the Avenue of the Saints.

In June 2005, a four-lane segment from the end of the Mount Pleasant bypass to the junction with Iowa Highway 16 east of Houghton was opened to four lanes of traffic. The segment of Iowa 27 between the split with U.S. 218 and the Des Moines River bridge opened to four lanes on August 25, 2005. The last remaining segment in Iowa was opened to traffic May 23, 2006.

A "festival" was held from June 16–18[when?] amongst towns along the corridor to celebrate the completion of Iowa's segment.

On July 25, 2008, the final nine miles (14 km) of highway between the Lewis—Clark county line and Wayland, Missouri, was open to four-lane traffic. A ceremony was held at the intersection of US 61 and Route 27 to commemorate the completion of the four-lane highway in Missouri. The Avenue of the Saints is now complete from suburban St. Louis to St. Paul.

Future construction[edit]

Ongoing construction projects and future proposals along the Avenue of the Saints include:

  • The upgrading of US 61 to interstate standards from I-70 in Wentzville to Route 47 in Troy, Missouri. In 2007, an interchange was installed at Route C in Moscow Mills, Missouri. Proposals include installing interchanges at Route U in Moscow Mills and South Lincoln Drive just south of Troy.
  • MoDOT has published initial maps for the Hannibal Expressway, a bypass around Hannibal, MO.[2] According to the maps, the Hannibal Expressway would depart from US 61 south of Hannibal, travel in a northwesterly direction toward the Rocket Junction where it would intersect with US 36/I-72 and US 24 West. The Hannibal Expressway would then travel along the current US 24 East alignment and re-connect with US 61 four miles (6.4 km) north of the Rocket Junction. The "Hannibal Expressway" project is presently unfunded. Presently, there are seven stoplights along US 61 in Hannibal: Red Devil Rd./Warren Barrett Dr., Market St. (Business 61), Hwy MM (Business 36), West Ely Rd., I-72/US 36, Stardust Dr./Pirate Pride, and MO 168.

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile[3][1] km Exit[3][1] Destinations Notes
St. Louis Frontenac I-64 east / US 40 east Continuation beyond interchange; south end of I-64 and US 40 overlaps
0.000 0.000 28A US 61 south / US 67 (Lindbergh Boulevard) Avenue of the Saints begins; south end of US 61 overlap
0.522 0.840 27 Spoede Road
Town and Country 2.060 3.315 26 Ballas Road
2.403–
2.390
3.867–
3.846
25 I-270 – Tulsa, Chicago, Memphis
4.081 6.568 24 Mason Road
5.036 8.105 23 Maryville Centre Road No eastbound exit
5.719 9.204 22 Route 141 (Woods Mill Road)
Chesterfield 6.836 11.001 21 Timberlake Manor Parkway
7.951 12.796 20 Chesterfield Parkway Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
8.427 13.562 19B Route 340 (Olive Boulevard, Clarkson Road)
9.047 14.560 19A Chesterfield Parkway
11.119 17.894 17 Boone's Crossing
11.913 19.172 16 Long Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
13.618 21.916 14 Spirit of Saint Louis Boulevard Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only
14.512 23.355 Chesterfield Airport Road Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only
Missouri River 15.803 25.432 Daniel Boone Bridge
St. Charles Weldon Spring 16.338 26.293 11 Research Park Circle No westbound entrance
17.534 28.218 10 Route 94 – St. Charles Westbound exit via exit 9
O'Fallon 18.273 29.408 9 Route K – O'Fallon
21.998 35.402 6 Route DD (WingHaven Boulevard)
  24.034 38.679 4 Route N
Lake St. Louis 25.229 40.602 2 Lake St. Louis Boulevard
Wentzville 26.834 43.185 1C Prospect Road
28.267 45.491 1A-B I-64 ends / I-70 / US 40 west – Kansas City, St. Charles North end of I-64 and US 40 overlaps
28.662 46.127 Pitman Avenue Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
29.505 47.484 Route A (Wentzville Parkway) – Wentzville
Lincoln Moscow Mills 37.023 59.583 Route U (Crossroads Boulevard)
39.709 63.905 Route C – Moscow Mills
Troy 42.557 68.489 Old Cap au Gris Road Northbound exit and entrance only
43.221 69.557 Route 47 – Troy, Winfield
Pike Eolia 61.099 98.329 Route D / Route FF – Eolia
Bowling Green 72.799 117.159
US 61 Bus. / Route 161 – Bowling Green, Ashley
75.100 120.862 US 54 – Louisiana, Mexico
  76.285 122.769
US 61 Bus. / Route UU – Bowling Green
Frankford 86.668 139.479 Route B / Route C / Route ZZ – Frankford
Ralls New London 93.648 150.712
US 61 Bus. / Route 19 – Center, New London
95.430 153.580
US 61 Bus.
Marion Hannibal 103.463 166.508
US 36 Bus. east / Route MM
South end of US 36 Bus. overlap
104.113 167.554
I-72 east / US 36 / Route 110 / US 36 Bus. ends – Downtown Hannibal, Monroe City, Springfield
North end of US 36 Bus. overlap; I-72 begins at interchange
105.126 169.184 Route 168 west / Route W
Barkley 111.689 179.746 US 24 west – Monroe City South end of US 24 overlap
Palmyra 113.413 182.521
US 61 Bus. – Palmyra
116.251 187.088
US 61 Bus. / Route 168 – Palmyra
  123.855 199.325 Route 6 west – Edina, Taylor
Taylor 124.922–
125.199
201.042–
201.488
US 24 east – Quincy, Ill. North end of US 24 overlap
Lewis La Grange 130.588 210.161
US 61 Bus. / Route B – La Grange, Wakonda State Park
133.105 214.212
US 61 Bus. / Route C – La Grange
Canton 138.464 222.836
US 61 Bus. / Route P – Canton
139.205 224.029 Route 16 to Route 81 – Canton, Monticello
142.220 228.881
US 61 Bus.
Clark   155.658 250.507 US 61 north / Route 27 begins – Keokuk North end of US 61 overlap; south end of Route 27 overlap
Wayland 158.397 254.915 US 136 – Wayland, Kahoka
Des Moines River 165.784
0.000
266.803
0.000
Missouri–Iowa state line
Lee Charleston Township 10.395 16.729 10
18
US 218 south – Keokuk South end of US 218 overlap; exit numbers follow US 218
Donnellson 12.322 19.830 19 Iowa 2 – Donnellson, Fort Madison
Marion Township 22.409 36.064 Iowa 16
Henry Mount Pleasant 33.312 53.610 40 255th Street, Old Thresher's Grounds – Mount Pleasant
34.998 56.324 42
US 34 east / Iowa 163 east / US 34 Bus. / US 218 Bus. – Mount Pleasant, Burlington
South end of US 34 and Iowa 163 overlaps; signed as exits 42A (east) and 42B (west)
38.872 62.558 45 US 34 west / Iowa 163 west – Mount Pleasant, Ottumwa North end of US 34 and Iowa 163 overlap; northbound exit and southbound entrance only
38.872 62.558 45
US 218 Bus. (Iowa 438) to US 34 west – Mount Pleasant, Ottumwa
Southbound exit and northbound entrance only
Olds 37.096 59.700 Iowa 78
Washington Oregon Township 59.230 95.321 66 Iowa 92 – Washington, Columbus Junction
62.609 100.759 70 CR G36
Riverside 72.721 117.033 80 Iowa 22 – Kalona, Lone Tree
Johnson Liberty Township 77.448 124.640 85 Hills
West Lucas Township 81.622 131.358 89 CR F50 (Riverside Drive) – Iowa City Municipal Airport
Iowa City 83.232 133.949 91 Iowa 1 – Iowa City, Kalona
85.475 137.559 93 CR F46 (Melrose Avenue) – University Heights
Coralville 88.847 142.985 0 I-80 / I-380 begins – Iowa City, Davenport, Des Moines South end of I-380 overlap; signed as exits 0A (eastbound) and 0B (westbound); no exit numbers northbound
North Liberty 92.893 149.497 4 CR F28 – North Liberty
Jefferson Township 99.705 160.460 10 CR F12 – Swisher, Shueyville
Linn Cedar Rapids 102.663 165.220 13 Ely, The Eastern Iowa Airport
105.176 169.264 16 US 30 / US 151 / US 218 north – Mt. Vernon, Tama North end of US 218 overlap; northbound exits signed 16A (east) and 16B (west)
106.432 171.286 17 33rd Avenue SW – Hawkeye Downs
107.176 172.483 18 Wilson Avenue SW
108.262 174.231 19A
To US 151 Bus. / Diagonal Drive / 5th Avenue SW – Downtown Cedar Rapids
Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
108.594 174.765 19B-C
US 151 Bus. (1st Avenue W) / 1st Street W – Veterans Memorial Stadium, Kingston Stadium
No southbound entrance, northbound exit signed as exit 19C
109.008 175.431 20A
To US 151 Bus. / 1st Street East – Downtown Cedar Rapids
Southbound exit and northbound entrance only
109.501 176.225 20B 7th Street E – U.S. Cellular Center
110.412 177.691 21 H Avenue, J Avenue
11.195 18.017 22 Coldstream–29th Street, Glass Road – 32nd Street
112.220 180.601 23 42nd Street Southbound exit from exit 24
112.728–
113.208
181.418–
182.191
24 Iowa 100 (Collins Road) / Blairs Ferry Road Signed as exits 24A (Iowa 100) and 24B (Blairs Ferry Road) northbound
Hiawatha 114.119 183.657 25 Boyson Road
Monroe Township 117.696 189.413 28 CR E34 – Toddville, Robins
Center Point 124.673 200.642 35 CR W36 – Center Point
Benton Urbana 130.716 210.367 41 Urbana
132.374 213.035 43 Iowa 150 – Vinton, Independence
Buchanan Jefferson Township 138.803 223.382 49 Brandon
144.197 232.063 55 CR V65 – Jesup
Black Hawk Fox Township 151.071 243.125 62 CR D38 – Gilbertville
Poyner Township 153.862 247.617 65 US 20 east – Dubuque South end of US 20 overlap
155.298 249.928 66 Raymond, Gilbertville
Evansdale 157.206 252.999 68 Evansdale Drive – Elk Run Heights
159.474 256.649 70 River Forest Road
Waterloo 160.282 257.949 71
232
I-380 north / US 218 – Waterloo, La Porte City North end of I-380 overlap;
northbound signed as exits 71A (north) and 71B (south);
southbound signed as exits 232A (south) and 232B (north)
162.064 260.817 230 Iowa 21 (Hawkeye Road) – Dysart
163.572 263.244 229 Ansborough Avenue
165.104 265.709 227 US 63 (Sergeant Road) – Hudson
Hudson 167.164 269.024 225 US 20 west / Iowa 58 south – Cedar Falls North end of US 20 overlap; south end of Iowa 58 overlap
Cedar Falls 170.862 274.976 University Avenue (Iowa 934)
171.468–
171.658
275.951–
276.257
18th Street, Waterloo Road
172.945 278.328 US 218 south / Iowa 57 west / Iowa 58 ends – Waterloo, Waterloo Regional Airport North end of Iowa 58 overlap; south end of US 218 overlap.
174.597 280.987 189 Lone Tree Road
Bremer Waverly 184.363 296.703 198
US 218 Bus. (Iowa 116) – Waverly
188.635 303.579 203 Iowa 3 – Waverly, Shell Rock
190.676 306.863 205
US 218 Bus. – Waverly, Waverly Municipal Airport
Plainfield 197.890 318.473 212 Iowa 188 – Plainfield
Chickasaw Nashua 205.194 330.228 220 Iowa 346 east / CR B60 west – Nashua
Floyd Charles City 214.416 345.069 218
US 18 east / US 218 Bus. / CR T64 – Charles City, New Hampton
South end of US 18 overlap
217.992 350.824 214 Iowa 14 – Charles City, Greene
220.116 354.242 212
US 218 Bus. / CR B35 – Charles City
Floyd 222.552 358.163 US 218 north – Floyd North end of US 218 overlap
Rock Grove Township 237.250 381.817 195 CR S70 – Nora Springs
Cerro Gordo Portland Township 242.387 390.084 190 CR S56 (California Avenue)
Mason City 246.439 396.605 186
US 18 Bus. / US 65 – Downtown Mason City, Rockwell
Lake Township 249.449 401.449 183 CR S36 (Eisenhower Avenue)
253.900 408.612 178
190
I-35 south – Des Moines South end of I-35 overlap
Clear Lake 256.349 412.554 193 I-35 Bus. north / CR B35 – Clear Lake, Mason City
257.219 413.954 194 US 18 west / I-35 Bus. south / Iowa 122 – Mason City, Clear Lake North end of US 18 overlap
Lincoln Township 260.910 419.894 197 CR B20
Worth Danville Township 266.831 429.423 203 Iowa 9 – Manly, Forest City
Brookfield Township 271.845 437.492 208 CR A38 – Joice, Kensett
Hartland Township 277.865 447.180 214 CR 105 – Lake Mills, Northwood Former Iowa 105
  281.689
0.000
453.335
0.000
Iowa–Minnesota state line; Iowa 27 ends
Freeborn Freeman Township 2.492–
2.522
4.010–
4.059
2 County 5
5.276 8.491 5 County 13 – Twin Lakes, Glenville
Albert Lea 7.987–
7.995
12.854–
12.867
8 I-35 Bus. north / US 65 – Albert Lea, Glenville
11.498 18.504 11 County 46 – Albert Lea
12.560–
12.654
20.213–
20.365
12 I-35 Bus. south / US 65 south – Albert Lea Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Bancroft Township 13.247 21.319 13 I-90 – La Crosse, Sioux Falls Signed as exits 13A (east) and 13B (west)
Clarks Grove 18.745 30.167 18 MN 251 east – Clarks Grove, Hollandale
Geneva Township 22.963 36.955 22 County 35 – Hartland, Geneva
Steele Summit Township 26.640 42.873 26 MN 30 – New Richland, Blooming Prairie
Somerset Township 32.817 52.814 32 County 4 – Hope
Owatonna 39.981 64.343 40 US 14 east / US 218 south – Owatonna, Rochester, Austin South end of US 14 overlap
41.766 67.216 41 Bridge Street
42.509 68.412 42 US 14 west / County 45 east – Waseca, Owatonna North end of US 14 overlap; signed as exits 42A (east) and 42B (west)
43.524–
43.548
70.045–
70.084
43 County 34 (26th Street)
45.520–
45.544
73.257–
73.296
45 County 9 – Clinton Falls
Medford 48.057 77.340 48 County 12 / County 23 – Medford
Rice Faribault 55.590 89.463 55 Faribault Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
56.918 91.601 56 MN 60 – Waterville, Faribault
59.107 95.123 59 MN 21 – Le Center, Faribault
Forest Township 66.696 107.337 66 County 1 – Montgomery, Dundas
Webster Township 69.679 112.137 69 MN 19 – Northfield, New Prague
Scott New Market Township 76.841 123.664 76 County 2 – Elko New Market
Dakota Lakeville 81.842 131.712 81 County 70 – Farmington, Lakeville
84.340 135.732 84 County 60 (185th Street West)
85.509 137.613 85 County 5 / County 50
86.636 139.427 86 County 46
Burnsville 87.824 141.339 87 Crystal Lake Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
88.268 142.054 88A I-35W north – Minneapolis Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
I-35 ends / I-35E begins – St. Paul Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
88.794–
88.848
142.900–
142.987
88B County 42
Apple Valley 90.615–
90.659
145.831–
145.902
90 County 11
Eagan 92.629–
92.649
149.072–
149.104
92 MN 77 (Cedar Avenue) – Zoo
93.772 150.911 93 County 32 (Cliff Road)
94.906 152.736 94 County 30 (Diffley Road)
97.123 156.304 97A County 31 (Pilot Knob Road)
97.433 156.803 97B County 28 (Yankee Doodle Road) Northbound exit is via exit 97A
98.559 158.615 98 County 26 (Lone Oak Road)
Mendota Heights 99.667–
99.684
160.398–
160.426
99 I-494 Signed as exits 99A (east) and 99B (west)
101.169–
101.183
162.816–
162.838
101 MN 110 Signed as exits 101A (east) and 101B (west) southbound
102.590 165.103 102 MN 13 (Sibley Highway)
Mississippi River 102.630–
102.896
165.167–
165.595
Lexington Bridge
Ramsey Saint Paul 103.346–
103.364
166.319–
166.348
103A Shepard Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
103.688–
103.692
166.870–
166.876
103B MN 5 (West 7th Street)
104.464 168.119 104A Randolph Avenue (CR 38)
104.599–
104.639
168.336–
168.400
104B Ayd Mill Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
105.014–
105.038
169.004–
169.042
104C Victoria Street Southbound exit and northbound entrance
105.562 169.886 105 St. Clair Avenue Southbound exit and northbound entrance
106.281–
106.444
171.043–
171.305
106A Grand Avenue Northbound exit and southbound entrance
106.980 172.168 106B Kellogg Boulevard Northbound exit and southbound entrance
107.450 172.924 106C 11th Street – State Capitol Northbound exit and southbound entrance
107.497–
107.614
173.000–
173.188
107 I-94 / US 10 east / US 52 south / 10th Street, Wacouta Street – Minneapolis Signed as exits 107A (east) and 107B (west)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing