Avers

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Avers
Avers -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Avers
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
46°28′N 9°31′E / 46.467°N 9.517°E / 46.467; 9.517Coordinates: 46°28′N 9°31′E / 46.467°N 9.517°E / 46.467; 9.517
Population 172 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 2 /km2 (5 /sq mi)
Area 93.13 km2 (35.96 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,960 m (6,430 ft)
Cresta
Postal code 7447
SFOS number 3681
Surrounded by Bivio, Ferrera, Mulegns, Piuro (IT-SO), Soglio
Website www.avers.ch
SFSO statistics
Avers is located in Switzerland
Avers
Avers
Avers

Avers (Romansh: Avras) is a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. It includes Juf, the highest-altitude year-round settlement in Europe.

History[edit]

Avers is first mentioned in 1292 as Anue or Avre. In 1354 it was mentioned as Auers.[3]

Geography[edit]

Church in Cresta, part of Avers
Avers valley

Avers has an area, as of 2006, of 93.1 km2 (35.9 sq mi). Of this area, 50% is used for agricultural purposes, while 5.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (44%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The following villages are part of the municipality: Campsut (and Maxsut, 1,668 m (5,472 ft) ), Cröt (1,715 m (5,627 ft)), Cresta (1,960 m (6,430 ft)), Pürt (1,921 m (6,302 ft)), Am Bach (1,959 m (6,427 ft)), Juppa (2,004 m (6,575 ft)), Podestatsch Hus (2,046 m (6,713 ft)) and Juf (2,126 m (6,975 ft)).

The municipality is located in the Hinterrhein district and is the capital and only municipality in the Avers sub-district. It includes the Jufer valley, the Averser branch of the Rhine as well as the side valleys of Madris and Bergalga.

Demographics[edit]

Despite being surrounded by Romansh speaking areas and the Italian speaking side valley of Valle di Lei, the people here speak German due to the Walser immigrants that settled the higher and remote valleys in Graubünden after migrating from the west. Their culture can be followed on a multi-day hike through all of the Canton of Graubünden, called the Walserweg.[5]

Avers has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 172.[1] As of 2008, 4.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -9.1%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 46.5% male and 53.5% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Avers is; 28 people or 17.5% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 7 people or 4.4% are 10 to 14, and 5 people or 3.1% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 8 people or 5.0% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 22 people or 13.8% are 30 to 39, 27 people or 16.9% are 40 to 49, and 15 people or 9.4% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 18 people or 11.3% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 21 people or 13.1% are 70 to 79, there are 8 people or 5.0% who are 80 to 89, and there is 1 person or 0.6% who is 90 to 99.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 70.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (19%), the CVP (5.8%) and the FDP (4.7%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Avers about 66.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Avers has an unemployment rate of 1.56%. As of 2005, there were 51 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 18 businesses involved in this sector. 11 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 31 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 12 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1645 498
1850 293
1900 204
1950 167
1960 270
2000 160

Languages[edit]

German is spoken by the vast majority of the population and is the only official language of the municipality. As of 2000 93.8% of the population speaks German, with Romansh being second most common ( 1.9%) and Italian being third ( 1.3%).[4]

Languages in Avers
Language Census of 1980 Census of 1990 Census of 2000
Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
German 133 95.00% 124 96.88% 150 93.75%
Romansh 4 2.86% 2 1.56% 3 1.88%
Italian 3 2.14% 2 1.56% 2 1.25%
Population 140 100% 128 100% 160 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Reformed Church in Avers is listed as a Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[8]

Houses[edit]

A custom in the Avers valley (found also in Bosco Gurin, Ticino) was to build houses with a Seelabalga ("soul-beam"). This was a sliding wooden door covering a small round hole through the wall, which was opened to allow the soul of a deceased inhabitant to depart.[9]

Weather[edit]

Avers valley near Juf

Avers has an average of 120.2 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,091 mm (43.0 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Avers receives an average of 150 mm (5.9 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12.4 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 13.2, but with only 113 mm (4.4 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 42 mm (1.7 in) of precipitation over 12.4 days.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Avers in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 02-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Information on Juf (English)
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 02-Oct-2009
  9. ^ Meissner, Hans Otto (1963). Unknown Europe. trans. Florence and Isabel McHugh. London and Glasgow: Blackie & Sons. p. 153. 
  10. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1960 meters above sea level.

External links[edit]