Averys Gore, Vermont
Averys Gore (or Avery's Gore) is a gore located in Essex County, Vermont, United States. In Vermont, gores and grants are unincorporated portions of a county which are not part of any town and have limited self-government (if any, as some are uninhabited). The population was 0 at the 2000 census. However, the gore does have a few hundred feet of dirt road and one building or structure, on the North Branch of the Nulhegan River by the Lewis town line. More prominently, Gore Mountain, one of the 50 highest in the state, is in the eastern portion of Averys Gore.
Averys Gore is named for Samuel Avery, a Westminster deputy sheriff and jailkeeper. Avery received roughly 52,000 acres (210 km2) in eight separate gores and grants in the 1790s as compensation for land he had owned in a part of the state previously claimed by New York.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the gore has a total area of 17.6 square miles (45.6 km²), of which 17.6 square miles (45.5 km2) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km2) (0.11%) is water.
Sources are inconsistent on whether the name of the gore is Averys Gore or Avery's Gore (i.e. with the apostrophe or without). State of Vermont records seem to have consistently used the apostrophe, however independent sources have been less consistent.
The original charter (as reproduced in State Papers of Vermont, Volume Two: Charters Granted by the State of Vermont, VT Secretary of State, 1922, pp 9–11) merely mentions the boundaries of the tract of land, along with two others included in the same charter, granting them to Samuel Avery, but not mentioning any names for the tracts of land.
State Papers of Vermont, Volume One: Index to the Papers of the Surveyors-General (VT Secretary of State, 1918) lists all the gores granted to Samuel Avery collectively as "Avery's Gores (Alias Vermont Grants to Samuel Avery)" (p. 31).
The Vermont Statutes mention the gore in at least three places, each time using the term Avery's Gore (Title 17, Chapter 34, Section 1893, T. 24, Ch. 1, Sec. 6, and T. 24, Ch. 117, Sec. 4341(e)).
The Gazetteer of Caledonia and Essex Counties, VT, 1764-1887 (Hamilton Child, 1887) lists the name as Avery's Gore (p. 15), as does The Vermont Road Atlas and Guide (Northern Cartographic, 1989, p. 63).
The apostrophe is omitted, however, in Vermont Place-Names: Footprints of History by Esther M. Swift (The Stephen Greene Press, 1977, pp 198–9) and in the Vermont Atlas and Gazetteer (Delorme, 9th ed., 1996, p. 55).
Overall, most sources tend to use the apostrophe, and the state seems to have used it consistently, thus that appears to be the more accepted form.