||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (March 2013)|
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
|— Department —|
|• President of the General Council||Jean-Claude Luche (UMP)|
|• Total||8,735 km2 (3,373 sq mi)|
|• Density||31/km2 ( 81/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
The first known historical inhabitants of the region were the Rutenii tribe, but the area was inhabited previously to this, boasting many prehistoric ruins.
In 1797, Victor of Aveyron (the Wild Boy of Aveyron) was found wandering the woods in the area.
In 1817, a local prosecutor Antoine Bernardin Fualdès was assassinated. The sordid circumstances of his death, following which his body was found floating in the Aveyron River, led to the matter becoming publicised as a cause célèbre. Recent studies have indicated that he met his end on the initiative of a right wing royalist organisation known as the Chevaliers de la Foi (Knights of the Faith).
Lac de Villefranche-de-Panat is used as a reservoir to provide drinking water supplies for the region.
The inhabitants of the department are called Aveyronnais, inhabitants of Rodez are called Ruthénois, based on the first Celtic settlers, the rutenii.
The President of the General Council is Jean-Claude Luche of the Union for a Popular Movement.
|•||Union for a Popular Movement||13|
|Left Radical Party||2|
Aveyron contains a part of the Cévennes National Park. Well-known tourist attractions are the castle of Najac, a medieval ruin perched high on a hill, and the many beautiful old castles and monasteries such as Conques Abbey, Sylvanès Abbey, Bonneval Abbey and Loc-Dieu Abbey, located near Martiel in a region with many dolmens. The small city of Millau is the site of the world's tallest bridge, the Millau viaduct, opened by President Chirac in December 2004.
Activities include horseriding, fishing, swimming in the Lacs du Lévézou and hiking/camping. The inhabitants are also very good craftsmen, and Aveyron is full of various craft objects, handmade, that can be found locally. Examples include the couteau de Laguiole, the world famous Roquefort cheese, from the village of the same name and other local produce. Markets take place every Saturday on market places around the region.
See also 
- Cantons of the Aveyron department
- Communes of the Aveyron department
- Arrondissements of the Aveyron department
- (French) Prefecture website
- (French) General council of Aveyron's website
- (French) Aveyron's bulletin board
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Aveyron". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.