Avezzano

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Avezzano
Comune
Città di Avezzano
19th-century etching of Avezzano Castle
19th-century etching of Avezzano Castle
Coat of arms of Avezzano
Coat of arms
Avezzano is located in Italy
Avezzano
Avezzano
Location of Avezzano in Italy
Coordinates: 42°2′28″N 13°26′23″E / 42.04111°N 13.43972°E / 42.04111; 13.43972Coordinates: 42°2′28″N 13°26′23″E / 42.04111°N 13.43972°E / 42.04111; 13.43972
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province L'Aquila (AQ)
Frazioni Antrosano, Castelnuovo, Cese, Paterno, San Pelino, San Giuseppe di Caruscino, Case Incile, Borgo Via Nuova[1]
Government
 • Mayor Giovanni Di Pangrazio (PD)
Area
 • Total 104.05 km2 (40.17 sq mi)
Elevation 695 m (2,280 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 42,641
 • Density 410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demonym Avezzanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 67051
Dialing code 0863
Patron saint Bartholomew the Apostle and Madonna of Pietraquaria
Saint day 24 August and 27 April
Website Official website

Avezzano (Italian pronunciation: [avedˈdzaːno] or [avetˈtsaːno]) is a town and comune in the Abruzzo region, province of L'Aquila. It is the main commercial, industrial and agricultural centre of the Marsica area, with high-tech industries such as a LFoundry GmbH semi-conductor plant, and a large Telespazio satellite farm.

History[edit]

There are two common etymologies for the name of the town: from "Ave Jane", an invocation to the Roman God Janus and from "Ad Vetianum" which means a "to the Vetia family", domiciled in the nearby town of Alba Fucens. The first settlements in this area began with the construction works for the lake's drainage ordered by Emperor Claudius in the first century A.D. In the 15th century Avezzano was under Gentile Virgilio Orsini, who built the castle in 1490.

Avezzano once lay on the shores of the largest lake in peninsular Italy, Lake Fucino, which was drained in the late 19th century. After the draining of the Lake, wide fields became available for cultivation and the area underwent terrific growth. It was completely destroyed by the possibly worst recorded earthquake in the history of Italy on the early morning of January 13, 1915 with only Casa dei Palazzi and a wing of Orsini Castle spared. More than 12,000 people died.

The town streets were then completely rebuilt along straight, parallel lines, with wide green areas and villas in the "Liberty" style.

Main sights[edit]

Notable births[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comune di Avezzano (AQ)". Prometheo Srl. Archived from the original on 18 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-16.