Avianca Flight 011
HK-2910X, the aircraft involved in the accident at Charles de Gaulle Airport in August 1983.
|Date||November 27, 1983|
|Summary||Controlled flight into terrain|
|Site||Mejorada del Campo, Madrid, Spain|
|Aircraft type||Boeing 747-283B|
|Flight origin||Frankfurt Airport
Frankfurt, West Germany
|2nd stopover||Charles de Gaulle Airport
|3rd stopover||Madrid Barajas Int'l Airport
|4th stopover||Simón Bolívar Int'l Airport
|Destination||El Dorado International Airport
Avianca Flight 011, registration HK-2910X (formerly LN-RNA), was a Boeing 747-283B on an international scheduled passenger flight from Frankfurt via Paris, Madrid, and Caracas to Bogotá that crashed on November 27, 1983.
The Frankfurt-Paris segment on this day had been cancelled by Avianca. As a result, the passengers who were to board Avianca flight 011 in Frankfurt had been placed on a Lufthansa flight to Paris. Because they had to wait for these passengers to land, the flight was delayed departing Paris. At 23:31 the airplane started descent to Madrid-Barajas Airport. During the descent, the airplane contacted a hill, then a second one, before falling to the ground and disintegrating. All 19 crew members, as well as 162 out of 173 passengers, were killed. The cause of the accident was judged to be a mistake of the pilot who incorrectly determined the position of the plane.
As of 2013, Avianca Flight 011 remains the second-deadliest aviation accident in Spanish territory behind the Tenerife airport disaster. Today, Avianca still operates Flight 011, a daily flight from Madrid to Bogota, using an Airbus A330-200.
Notable people killed
- Jorge Ibargüengoitia - Mexican novelist;
- Ángel Rama - Uruguayan writer, academic, and literary critic;
- Manuel Scorza - Peruvian novelist, poet, and political activist;
- Marta Traba - Argentine writer and art critic;
- Rosa Sabater - Spanish pianist.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
|Pre-Crash photos of HK-2910 at Airliners.net|
|Photo of the crashed airliner from AirDisaster.com|
- Report from the Ministry of Infrastructures, Spain - Civil Aviation Accident and Incident Investigation Commission (Spanish).
- Transcript of the cockpit voice recorder (CVR)
- Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network