Aviat Husky

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Aviat Husky
AviatA-1BHuskyC-GTHY01.jpg
Aviat A-1B Husky
Role Light utility aircraft
Manufacturer Aviat
Designer Christen Industries
First flight 1986
Introduction 1987
Status Active service
Number built 650+[1]
Husky A-1-C on floats

The Aviat Husky is a two-seat, high-wing, utility light aircraft built by Aviat Aircraft of Afton, Wyoming.[2]

It is the only all-new light aircraft that was designed and entered series production in the United States in the mid-to-late 1980s.[2]

Development[edit]

Design work by Christen Industries began in 1985. The aircraft is one of the few in its class designed with the benefit of CAD software. The prototype first flew in 1986, and certification was awarded the following year.[2]

The Husky has been one of the best-selling light aircraft designs of the last 20 years, with more than 650 sold since production began.[1]

Design[edit]

The Husky features a braced high wing, tandem seating and dual controls. The structure is steel tube frames and Dacron covering over all but the rear of the fuselage, plus metal leading edges on the wings. The high wing was selected for good all-around visibility, making the Husky ideal for observation and patrol roles. Power is supplied by a relatively powerful (for the Husky's weight) 180 hp (134 kW) Textron Lycoming O-360 flat-four piston engine turning a constant speed propeller. The Husky's high power-to-weight ratio and low wing loading result in good short-field performance.[2]

Options include floats, skis and banner and glider tow hooks.[2]

Operational history[edit]

The Husky has been used for observation duties, fisheries patrol, pipeline inspection, glider towing, border patrol and other utility missions. Notable users include the US Department of the Interior and Agriculture and the Kenya Wildlife Service, which flies seven on aerial patrols of elephant herds as part of the fight against illegal ivory poaching.[2]

Variants[edit]

A 2005-built A-1B Husky at Biggin Hill, modified with a 200 hp (149 kW) Lycoming IO-360-A1D6 engine

The Husky comes in six versions:[3]

Husky A-1
Certified on 1 May 1987. Maximum gross weight is 1,800 lb (816 kg). Powered by a Lycoming 0-360-A1P or a Lycoming O-360-C1G of 180 hp (134 kW)[4]
Husky A-1A
Certified on 28 January 1998. Maximum gross weight is 1,890 lb (857 kg). Powered by a Lycoming 0-360-A1P of 180 hp (134 kW)[4]
Aviat A-1B Husky
Husky A-1B
Certified on 28 January 1998. Powered by a Lycoming 0-360-A1P of 180 hp (134 kW)[4] The A-1B can be modified to accept a Lycoming IO-360-A1D6 engine of 200 hp (149 kW) and an MT MTV-15-B/205-58 propeller under an STC.[5]
Husky A-1B-160 Pup
Certified on 18 August 2003 without flaps and 21 October 2005 with flaps. Powered by a Lycoming 0-320-D2A, 160 hp (119 kW). The Pup has a smaller engine, a gross weight of 2,000 lb (907 kg) and a useful load of 775 lb (352 kg)[3][4]
Husky A-1C-180
A Garmin equipped A-1C cockpit
Certified on 24 September 2007. Powered by a Lycoming 0-360-A1P of 180 hp (134 kW). The 180 has a gross weight of 2,200 lb (998 kg) and a useful load of 925 lb (420 kg)[3][4]
Husky A-1C-200
Certified on 24 September 2007. Powered by a Lycoming IO-360-A1D6 of 200 hp (149 kW). The 200 has a gross weight of 2,200 lb (998 kg) and a useful load of 880 lb (399 kg)[3][4]


Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On July 14, 1989 a Husky A-1 operated by the U.S. Border Patrol crashed in flat desert terrain in Arizona while tracking footprints near the U.S.-Mexican border, killing the pilot. The aircraft was flying with flaps set at 20 degrees, while the pilot operating handbook recommends 30 degrees for all maneuvering with flaps extended and indicates that a loss of altitude of 150 feet can be expected in a power-off stall condition. The US National Transportation Safety Board determined the cause of the accident to be "failure of the pilot to maintain adequate airspeed, which resulted in a stall. The lack of altitude for recovery was a related factor."[6][7] The U.S. Border Patrol eliminated the Husky from its inventory following this accident.[citation needed]

Specifications (A-1C Husky)[edit]

Data from Aviat website[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: one passenger
  • Length: 22 ft 7 in (6.88 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 6 in (10.82 m)
  • Wing area: 183 sq ft (17.0 m2)
  • Empty weight: 1,275 lb (578 kg) on wheels
  • Gross weight: 2,200 lb (998 kg) on wheels and floats
  • Fuel capacity: 50 US gallons (190 litres)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming O-360-A1P four cylinder, four stroke piston aircraft engine, 180 hp (130 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed Hartzell Propeller, 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) diameter

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 145 mph (233 km/h; 126 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 140 mph (122 kn; 225 km/h)
  • Stall speed: 53 mph (46 kn; 85 km/h) flaps down, power off
  • Range: 800 mi (695 nmi; 1,287 km) at 55% power
  • Service ceiling: 20,000 ft (6,096 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,500 ft/min (7.6 m/s)

Avionics

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b "Aviat Aircraft: About Us." Aviat Aircraft, 2008. Retrieved: May 4, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "The Aviat A-1 Husky." Demand Media, 2008. Retrieved: May 4, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Aviat Husky Specs." Aviat Aircraft, 2009. Retrieved: May 4, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Type certificate Data Sheet No. A22NM." Federal Aviation Administration, February 2009. Retrieved: December 18, 2009.
  5. ^ "Supplemental type certificate SA10463SC." Federal Aviation Administration, December 2005. Retrieved: December 18, 2009.
  6. ^ "Accident description: Husky A-1." Aviation Safety Network, July 1989. Retrieved: August 28, 2009.
  7. ^ "LAX89FA239." National Transportation Safety Board, July 1989. Retrieved: August 28, 2009.

External links[edit]

Media related to Aviat A-1 Husky at Wikimedia Commons