Avicularia

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This article is about the spider genus. For the bryozoan zooid form, see avicularium.
Avicularia
Avicularia versicolor 9 Fh.jpg
Female Avicularia versicolor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Family: Theraphosidae
Subfamily: Aviculariinae
Genus: Avicularia
Lamarck, 1818
Species

See article

Diversity
54 species
Synonyms

Ancylochiros Mello-Leitão, 1920
Avicuscodra Strand, 1908
Eurypelma C. L. Koch, 1850

Avicularia is a genus of the family Theraphosidae containing various species of tarantulas. The genus is native to tropical South America. Each species in the genus has very distinguishable pink foot pads.

One of the most notable features of the Avicularia species is its odd method of defense. When threatened, their first choice is to jump or run away as quickly as possible - occasionally, though, they will launch a jet of excrement at the perceived threat. Adults are capable of good accuracy and a range of 0.5–1 m (2 or 3 feet).

There is also a belief that they may be the reason behind rumors of "flying spiders" in the rainforests they are native to, as they are quite adept at jumping. Their legs, however, prevent them from gaining much height in making a jump.

Avicularia avicularia are among the tarantulas most commonly kept as pets.

Species[edit]

Avicularia (Lamarck, 1818) [Senior synonym of Eurypelma {C. L. Koch, 1850}, Ancylochiros (Mello-Leitão, 1920), and Avicuscodra [Strand, 1908]]
Type species: Avicularia avicularia

Transferred to other genera:
Avicularia annulipesEuoplos annulipes (Idiopidae)
Avicularia anthracinaGrammostola antracina
Avicularia aureocepsBrachypelma aureoceps
Avicularia bistriataEphebopus murinus
Avicularia borelliGrammostola borelli
Avicularia brunnipesKochiana brunnipes
Avicularia canicepsAphonopelma caniceps
Avicularia conspersaRachias conspersus (Nemesiidae)
Avicularia cyaneopubescensChromatopelma cyaneopubescens
Avicularia deborrii (Becker, 1879)Tapinauchenius plumipes
Avicularia dubiaVitalius dubius
Avicularia duplexAphonopelma duplex
Avicularia embrithesBrachypelma embrithes
Avicularia emiliaBrachypelma emilia
Avicularia epicureanaBrachypelma epicureanum
Avicularia geotomaAphonopelma geotoma
Avicularia guyanaEupalaestrus guyanus
Avicularia hageniAphonopelma hageni
Avicularia helluoAphonopelma helluo
Avicularia hesperaAphonopelma hesperum
Avicularia imperatrixPlesiopelma imperatrix
Avicularia lanceolataAphonopelma lanceolatum
Avicularia latensAphonopelma latens
Avicularia magdalena (Karsch, 1879)Hapalopus formosus
Avicularia marxiAphonopelma marxi
Avicularia mendozaeGrammostola mendozae
Avicularia mesomelasMegaphobema mesomelas
Avicularia minax (Thorell, 1894)Grammostola doeringi
Avicularia muritelaria (Holmberg, 1876)Kukulcani ahibernalis [Hentz, 1842] {Filistatidae}
Avicularia myodesPlesiopelma myodes
Avicularia obscuraAmi obscura
Avicularia pallidaAphonopelma pallidum
Avicularia palmicola (Mello-Leitão, 1945)Iridopelma hirsutum
Avicularia panamensisSericopelma panamense
Avicularia parvaCatumiri parvum
Avicularia parviorLasiodora parvior
Avicularia pulchra (Mello-Leitão, 1933) and Avicularia recifiensis [Struchen & Brändle, 1996]Pachistopelma rufonigrum
Avicularia regina (Chamberlin, 1917)Homoeomma strabo
Avicularia rusticaAphonopelma rusticum
Avicularia sabulosaBrachypelma sabulosum
Avicularia saltator (Pocock, 1903)Eupalaestrus weijenberghi
Avicularia seemanniAphonopelma seemani
Avicularia seladoniaTyphochlaena seladonia
Avicularia serrataAphonopelma serratum
Avicularia smithiBrachypelma smithi
Avicularia spinicrusCitharacanthus spinicrus
Avicularia steindachneriAphonopelma steindachneri
Avicularia stoicaAphonopelma stoicum
Avicularia tamaulipecaClavopelma tamaulipeca
Avicularia tripeppiNhandu tripeppi
Avicularia truncataAphonopelma truncatum
Avicularia vagansBrachypelma vagans
Avicularia vellutinaVitalius vellutinus
Avicularia violaceaTapinauchenius violaceus
Avicularia wacketiVitalius wacketi
Avicularia zorodesIridopelma zorodes

External links[edit]