|Città di Avigliana|
|• Mayor||Angelo Patrizio|
|• Total||23.3 km2 (9.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||383 m (1,257 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2012)|
|• Density||520/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. John the Baptist|
|Saint day||June 24|
Avigliana is a town and comune (municipality) in the Province of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, with about 11,000 inhabitants, located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Turin. Avigliana lies in the Susa valley, on the highway going from Turin to Frejus (France).
In 574 the Lombard King Cleph built a castle here. According to some sources, the battle between the Franks of Pippin the Younger and the Lombards of Aistulf occurred in the nearby in 750. Later Avigliana depended from the Abbey of Novalesa. Later it was a possession of the House of Savoy.
Avigliana was captured by Emperor Henry VI in 1187, but later it was acquired by Thomas I of Savoy. In 1536, in the course of the Italian Wars, it was again stormed by French troops. French attacks repeated in 1630 and 1690, the latter with the destruction of the castle.
- Ruins of the castle, destroyed in the 17th century by the French.
- Church of San Giovanni, with several works by Defendente Ferrari.
- the Romanesque church of San Pietro.
- Natural Park of the Lakes of Avigliana.
Avigliana has two gates on the A32 Bardonecchia-Turin motorway. It has also a station on the Turin-Modane railroad
- Tresserve, France
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Avigliana.|