Avigliano, Basilicata

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Avigliano
Comune
Comune di Avigliano
Panorama di Avigliano.jpg
Coat of arms of Avigliano
Coat of arms
Avigliano is located in Italy
Avigliano
Avigliano
Location of Avigliano in Italy
Coordinates: 40°44′N 15°43′E / 40.733°N 15.717°E / 40.733; 15.717
Country Italy
Region Basilicata
Province Potenza (PZ)
Frazioni Bancone, Castel Lagopesole, Frusci, Masi, Possidente, Sarnelli, Sant'Angelo
Government
 • Mayor Vito Summa
Area
 • Total 84 km2 (32 sq mi)
Elevation 827 m (2,713 ft)
Population (September 2012)[1]
 • Total 11,747
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Demonym Aviglianesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 85021
Dialing code 0971
Patron saint St. Vitus
Saint day 15 June
Website Official website

Avigliano is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the southern Italian region of Basilicata. It is bounded by the comuni of Atella, Bella, Filiano, Forenza, Pietragalla, Potenza, Ruoti.

Geography[edit]

The area surrounding Avigliano is considered mountainous with elevations varying between 550 and 1,239 metres (1,804 and 4,065 ft). The center of town is at an elevation of 857 metres (2,812 ft).

Avigliano is surrounded by numerous peaks of various heights:

  • Mount Caruso, 1239 meters (4064 feet)
  • Mount Carmine, 1228 meters (4029 feet)
  • Mount Saint Angelo, 1121 meters (3678 feet)
  • Montalto (High Mountain), 938 meters (3077 feet)
  • Mount Marcone, 857 meters (2812 feet)

Frazioni[edit]

View of Castel Lagopesole.

Castel Lagopesole is a frazione of the comune of Avigliano. It has a population of 652. It is home to a large castle, built by the Saracens. Later it was expanded by the Normans and was a hunter mansion for Frederick II of Hohenstaufen and a summer residence for the Angevine kings of Naples.

During the brigand age of southern Italy, the castle was captured by Carmine Crocco (1861) and used as his base.

Climate[edit]

The mean annual temperature of Avigliano is 12 °C (54 °F). The mean temperature of January is 3.3 °C (37.9 °F), making January the coldest month annually. Conversely, July is the warmest month, with an average temperature of 21.4 °C (70.5 °F). The annual temperature ranges between −12 °C (10 °F) as an annual low to an annual high of 38 °C (100 °F).

The mean annual precipitation of Avigliano is 844 millimetres (33.2 in), with a record high of 1,192 millimetres (46.9 in) and low of 679 millimetres (26.7 in).

History[edit]

The earliest archaeological and documented reports that confirm the existence of Avigliano go back to Medieval times, but there remain many elaborate theories over the origin of the city. One legend suggests that the center was founded in the 15th century by the Sabellians, who were attracted to the location.

Another legend derives from the origin of the name Avigliano from the Latin Avis locum, which is "place of the fowl", a name given to the area by a group of sailors from the East.

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

External links[edit]

Media related to Avigliano at Wikimedia Commons