|Comune di Avigliano|
|Frazioni||Bancone, Castel Lagopesole, Frusci, Masi, Possidente, Sarnelli, Sant'Angelo|
|• Mayor||Vito Summa|
|• Total||84 km2 (32 sq mi)|
|Elevation||827 m (2,713 ft)|
|Population (September 2012)|
|• Density||140/km2 (360/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Vitus|
|Saint day||15 June|
The area surrounding Avigliano is considered mountainous with elevations varying between 550 and 1,239 metres (1,804 and 4,065 ft). The center of town is at an elevation of 857 metres (2,812 ft).
Avigliano is surrounded by numerous peaks of various heights:
- Mount Caruso, 1239 meters (4064 feet)
- Mount Carmine, 1228 meters (4029 feet)
- Mount Saint Angelo, 1121 meters (3678 feet)
- Montalto (High Mountain), 938 meters (3077 feet)
- Mount Marcone, 857 meters (2812 feet)
Castel Lagopesole is a frazione of the comune of Avigliano. It has a population of 652. It is home to a large castle, built by the Saracens. Later it was expanded by the Normans and was a hunter mansion for Frederick II of Hohenstaufen and a summer residence for the Angevine kings of Naples.
The mean annual temperature of Avigliano is 12 °C (54 °F). The mean temperature of January is 3.3 °C (37.9 °F), making January the coldest month annually. Conversely, July is the warmest month, with an average temperature of 21.4 °C (70.5 °F). The annual temperature ranges between −12 °C (10 °F) as an annual low to an annual high of 38 °C (100 °F).
The mean annual precipitation of Avigliano is 844 millimetres (33.2 in), with a record high of 1,192 millimetres (46.9 in) and low of 679 millimetres (26.7 in).
The earliest archaeological and documented reports that confirm the existence of Avigliano go back to Medieval times, but there remain many elaborate theories over the origin of the city. One legend suggests that the center was founded in the 15th century by the Sabellians, who were attracted to the location.
Another legend derives from the origin of the name Avigliano from the Latin Avis locum, which is "place of the fowl", a name given to the area by a group of sailors from the East.
- Schweinfurt, Germany
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
Media related to Avigliano at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (Italian)