From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- The basic meaning of the word aviv is the stage in the growth of grain when the seeds have reached full size and are filling with starch, but have not dried yet. During the plague of hail (Exodus 9:31), the barley was said to be aviv and the flax giv`ol.
- The month in the Hebrew calendar when the barley has reached or passed this stage (Exodus 13:4; 23:15) is called Aviv, or the "month of the aviv": the seventh of the Jewish civil year, and the first of the Biblical ecclesiastical year. It begins about the time of the Northern spring equinox (March 21). Since the Babylonian captivity, this month has mainly been called Nisan (Nehemiah 2:1, Esther 3:7). On the sixteenth day of the month, harvest was begun by gathering a sheaf of barley, which was offered as a sacrifice to God (Lev 23:4-11), when the Temple in Jerusalem existed.
- "Aviv" accordingly also means spring, one of the four seasons. Thus the major modern Israeli city of Tel Aviv means "Spring Hill".
- Since Passover is always celebrated on 15–21 (or 22 outside Israel) Nisan, near the beginning of spring, "Holiday of Aviv" (Pesach or Passover Is always on the 14th of Nisan. The 1st day of Chag ha Matzoh or The Feast of Unleavened Bread is always the dayafter that, the 15th of Nisan. See: Leviticus 23:5,6) (Hebrew: Chag Ha'Aviv חג האביב ) is an additional name for Passover.
- Aviv is also a Hebrew male given name (the female equivalent is Aviva) that may refer to:
- Abib of God
- Abib (Barley) in the Hebrew Bible: a description of the importance of aviv in the Karaite calendar by the World Karaite Movement
- 2011 Aviv Report: Aviv Reports added Annually