Avnei Eitan was founded after the 1973 Yom Kippur War in memory of six Israeli soldiers killed in battle. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the Golan Heights illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this. The Black Waterfall, named for its black basalt rock and the White Waterfall, named for its white limestone rock, are located near Avnei Eitan.
Avnei Eitan is an Orthodox Jewish agricultural community in Gush Hispin, a bloc of religious communities in the southern Golan Heights. The moshav receives municipal services from the Golan Regional Council.
About 80 families live on Avnei Eitan, including 20 families evicted from Gush Katif, mainly from Netzer Hazani and Kfar Darom. The community is host to the Mechinat Avnei Eitan pre-military yeshiva, also known as the "Leadership Yeshiva Academy," attended by mainly by English-speaking overseas students. Many graduates of the school serve in elite units in the Israel Defense Forces.