Avoca, Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Avoca, Iowa
City
Location of Avoca, Iowa
Location of Avoca, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°29′N 95°20′W / 41.483°N 95.333°W / 41.483; -95.333Coordinates: 41°29′N 95°20′W / 41.483°N 95.333°W / 41.483; -95.333
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Pottawattamie
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Jennie Maassen
Area[1]
 • Total 2.13 sq mi (5.52 km2)
 • Land 2.13 sq mi (5.52 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,194 ft (364 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,506
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,503
 • Density 707.0/sq mi (273.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 51521
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-03970
GNIS feature ID 0454290
Website City of Avoca

Avoca is a city in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, United States. The population was 1,506 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Avoca was founded in 1869 in connection with the construction of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad through the area.[4] It is named after Avoca in Ireland. It quickly developed as a regional service center for the surrounding farms.[5]

Geography[edit]

Avoca is located at 41°29′N 95°20′W / 41.483°N 95.333°W / 41.483; -95.333 (41.4790, -95.3373).[6] The city is sited between the West Nishnabotna River and its East Branch.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.13 square miles (5.52 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1900 1,627 —    
1910 1,520 −6.6%
1920 1,482 −2.5%
1930 1,673 +12.9%
1940 1,598 −4.5%
1950 1,595 −0.2%
1960 1,540 −3.4%
1970 1,535 −0.3%
1980 1,650 +7.5%
1990 1,497 −9.3%
2000 1,610 +7.5%
2010 1,506 −6.5%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,506 people, 662 households, and 436 families residing in the city. The population density was 707.0 inhabitants per square mile (273.0 /km2). There were 711 housing units at an average density of 333.8 per square mile (128.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.8% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 662 households of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.1% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the city was 43.2 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 29.3% were from 45 to 64; and 18.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,610 people, 666 households, and 458 families residing in the city. The population density was 830.6 people per square mile (320.4/km²). There were 706 housing units at an average density of 364.2 per square mile (140.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.19% White, 0.06% African American, 0.06% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.37% of the population.

There were 666 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.85.

23.2% are under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,826, and the median income for a family was $45,000. Males had a median income of $30,272 versus $20,284 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,908. About 1.5% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ History of Pottawattamie County, Iowa: Containing a History from the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time. O. L. Baskin & Company. 1883. p. 244. 
  5. ^ Pottawatamie Count Historical Society article on Avoca
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "FilmReference". Richard Beymer biography. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  9. ^ "Miller Center of Public Affairs University of Virginia". American President Woodrow Wilson/Edwin T. Meredith Secretary of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 

External links[edit]