Avoca Beach, New South Wales
Central Coast, New South Wales
Avoca Beach, as seen from the Skillion
|• Density||1,049/km2 (2,720/sq mi)|
|Area||4.0 km2 (1.5 sq mi)|
|LGA(s)||City of Gosford|
Avoca Beach is a coastal suburb of the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, about 95 kilometres (59 mi) north of Sydney. Avoca Beach is primarily a residential suburb but also a popular tourist destination. Avoca Beach village has a variety of restaurants and cafes as well as a post office, newsagent, pharmacy and mini-mart. Avoca Beach also has a historic cinema, a hotel, bowling club, motel and caravan park. It is located within the City of Gosford local government area.
Avoca Beach is located on the Tasman Sea 17 kilometres (11 mi) east-southeast of the Gosford central business district, and about halfway between Newcastle and Sydney, being about 95 kilometres (59 mi) from each. It is bordered to the north by the Bulbararing Lagoon, to the west by Saltwater Creek and to the east by the ocean.
The area was originally inhabited by the Awabakal Aboriginal people. "Avoca" is an Irish name meaning "great estuary" or "where the river meets the sea", and is also the name of a town in County Wicklow, Ireland.
On 4 January 1830, 640 acres (259 ha) of land in the area were promised to Irish army officer John Moore. However, the official deeds were not issued until 30 September 1839, due to the difficulty in surveying the land. He built a house opposite Bulbararing Lake (now known as Avoca Lake) and planted vines, cereals and fruit trees. He left the area in 1857 for the Victorian goldfields. In the late 19th century, Tom Davis leased the area in order to exploit local timber, which was transported by tram to a mill at Terrigal via what is now Tramway Road in North Avoca.
A rich history exists in the community groups in this small village with the Avoca Beach Rural Fire Brigade operating since the 1940s, Avoca Beach Surf Life Saving Club (1929) and the 1st Avoca Beach Surf Cub Scouts being very active in the area.
In February 2010, following the proposal to scuttle the frigate HMAS Adelaide off the beach as a dive wreck in late March, a resident action group was formed to protest against this. The group claims that the wreck will negatively affect surf conditions, tides, and littoral sand drift, and is concerned over the thoroughness of inspection and removal of dangerous materials and chemicals from the former warship, with the chance that marine life and people could be poisoned. An appeal to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal three days before the planned scuttling date of 27 March led to a postponement of the plan until the residents' claims were investigated. The decision from the Tribunal, in favor of the project going ahead after further cleanup work, was handed down on 15 September 2010, and despite further attempts to delay, Adelaide was scuttled on 13 April 2011.
Avoca Beach residents had a median age of 38, compared to the Central Coast average of 40. Median individual incomes in Avoca Beach were above average for the region — $515 per week compared with $407 per week. The 2006 Census reported 1,513 occupied private dwellings, of which 7.8% were non-permanent (caravans, cabins and houseboats), and the median monthly housing loan repayment of $1,720 was well above the regional average of $1,500. In the year to July 2007, Avoca Beach's median house price was $571,250 versus $350,000 for the Central Coast region. In 2008, Avoca Beach was listed as the fourth most expensive place to live in New South Wales, and the sixteenth most expensive in Australia, based on the sale of units that year.
The population of Avoca Beach is predominantly Australian-born, with some 80.5% of its residents being born in Australia as at the 2006 census. The second most prevalent birthplace was the United Kingdom at 7.36%, followed by New Zealand, South Africa and Germany. The most popular religious affiliations in descending order in the 2006 census were Roman Catholic, Anglican, no religion, Uniting.
- Avoca Beach Surf Life Saving Club http://www.avocabeachslsc.asn.au/
- Avoca Beach Rugby Club http://www.avocasharks.rugbynet.com.au/
- Avoca Sharks Football Club http://www.avocafc.com/
- 1st Avoca Beach Surf Scouts http://www.avocascouts.com/
- Avoca Boardriders Club http://avocaboardriders.com/
- South Central Coast Bodyboarders Club http://www.sccbclub.com/
- Avoca Beach Rural Fire Brigade http://avocafire.info
Avoca Beach has a state primary school, which first opened in 1935. The suburb is within Kincumber High School's catchment area.
At federal level, Avoca Beach is within the Division of Robertson, which was won in the 2010 Federal Election by Deborah O'Neill of the Australian Labor Party, who defeated Liberal incumbent Darren Jameson on a 2.47% swing.
While Avoca Beach's booth, prior to the 2007 election, was considered more favourable to the Liberals than the electorate as a whole, the swing of 2.47% to Labor at the 2010 election at Avoca Beach represented a greater swing to Labor than the rest of the electorate on average.
Polling place statistics are presented below from the Avoca Beach polling place in the elections leading up to and including the 2010 federal and 2011 state elections as indicated.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Avoca Beach (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "Avoca Beach (Suburb)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "Avoca Beach". Destination NSW. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- UBD (2003). Central Coast Street Directory (13 ed.). Universal Press. Map 99. ISBN 0-7319-1475-9.
- Gosford City Library. "Placenames". Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- Pratt, Eileen (1978). Place Names of the Central Coast. Brisbane Water Historical Society and The Entrance and District Society. p. 4.
- Fairfax Digital (8 February 2004). "Travel - Avoca Beach". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- Trembath, Brendan (5 March 2010). "HMAS Adelaide to sleep with the fishes". ABC News. Archived from the original on 7 March 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- Denice Barnes (February 2010). "Avoca residents step up campaign to delay sinking of ex-HMAS Adelaide". Retrieved 2010-02-27.
- West, Andrew (7 March 2010). "Scuttled ship would wreck bay: residents". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 8 March 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- ABC News (25 March 2010). "Plans to sink warship scuttled by court order". ABC News. Archived from the original on 27 March 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
- Tovey, Josephine; Harvey, Ellie (25 March 2010). "Tribunal scuppers plan to sink ship". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 25 March 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
- Harvey, Ellie; West, Andrew (16 September 2010). "Judge orders tough new rules for scuttling". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 18 September 2010. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- McMahon, Jeanette (13 April 2011). "Dolphins delay scuttling of HMAS Adelaide". 1223 ABC Newcastle (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (19 November 2002). "Community Profile Series : Avoca Beach (State Suburb)". 2001 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Gosford-Wyong (Statistical Region)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- Domain (Fairfax Digital) (July 2007). "Locality details - Avoca Beach 2251". Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- Cossar, Charlotte (December 2008). "Australia's cheapest and most expensive suburbs". Realestate.com.au. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- Australian Electoral Commission (27 November 2007). "Polling Place - Avoca Beach". Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- Australian Electoral Commission (9 September 2010). "Polling Place - Avoca Beach". Retrieved 2010-11-21.
- Australian Electoral Commission (9 September 2010). "NSW Division - Robertson". Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- Swancott, Charles (1961). Enchanted waters : Terrigal, Wamberal, Erina, Avoca, Kincumber, etc. (2nd ed.). Woy Woy.
- Avoca Beach Primary School (1985). Avoca Beach Public School, 50th Anniversary, 1935-1985. ISBN 1-86252-136-0.
- Coasts and Rivers Branch (1991). Surf environment analysis : Avoca Beach (Report no. 91078). Department of Public Works (NSW). ISBN 0-7305-8655-3.
- DCP 159 - Character Statement for Avoca (Gosford City Council)
- Artificial Reef Dive (NSW Dept of Lands)