Avontuur railway map
The Avontuur Railway is a closed railway line between Port Elizabeth and Avontuur in South Africa. It is the longest 610-mm-narrow gauge route in the world at a length of 285 kilometres (177 mi). "Avontuur" is the Afrikaans and Dutch word for "adventure".
The railway was built by the government of the Cape Colony between 1890 and 1906, to connect the Langkloof fruit growing industry with the new port at Port Elizabeth. The section of line between Humewood Road and Humansdorp was opened for public traffic on 1 November 1905.
In 1903 a request was laid before the then government in order to add a branch line to Patensie. This branch was commissioned on 3 April 1914.
Passenger Traffic 
Scheduled trains 
Scheduled passenger trains were discontinued in the 1940s, although limited space was available on scheduled freight trains until the mid-1970s.
Walmer Branch 
From 1906 to 1928 a passenger only branch line, from Valley junction near Port Elisabeth, to the suburb of Walmer, serviced up to 22 trains a day between Port Elizabeth and the terminus at 14th Avenue in Walmer. It was closed as a result from competition from a bus service.
Apple Express 
The line was best known for its tourist train, the Apple Express, which commenced operations in 1965 to Loerie, later to Thornhill or Van Stadens River, the highest two foot narrow-gauge railway bridge in the world. The motive power for the Apple Express was retained as steam, normally a SAR NGG16 Class Garratt. The Apple Express ceased operations in 2011.
Freight Traffic 
Fruit and Agriculture 
The presence of the railway contributed significantly to the development of agriculture in the Lankloof and Gamtoos Valley, enabling farmers to transport their produce conveniently to the warehouses and harbour at Port Elizabeth. Unfortunately, agricultural transport was lost due to competition from road haulage.
In the 1920s a limestone quarry was opened near Loerie to serve the Eastern Province Cement Company (EPCC) in New Brighton near Port Elizabeth via the EPCC owned private line branching off at Chelsea. The limestone traffic ceased in 2001 when the quarries were closed.
The railway was operated by the South African national railway company Spoornet.
As the South African Government has deregulated the road transport industry, a large amount of traffic has moved from the railway to the roads. Spoornet has hence designated the line as "low density," and always had the threat of closure hanging over it.
After all major freight traffic ceased, only the tourist train Apple Express continued operations but finally ceased in 2011.
Motive Power 
Tender locomotives 
The final and largest class to be employed on the Avontuur Railway were 21 NG15's from 1960 to the mid-1980s.
Tank locomotive 
Garratt locomotives 
The first Garratt locomotive to be introduced was the NGG11 class, soon to be followed with the NGG13 class in 1927, the latter setting the standard for motive power on the Avontuur railway for the next decades, to be followed with the NGG16 class, very similar to the NGG13.
Diesel locomotives 
See also 
- Alfred County Railway
- Sandstone Estates
- Welsh Highland Railway
- South African Class 91-000
- Two foot gauge railways in South Africa
- Sellick, W.S.J. (1904). Uitenhage, past and present : souvenir of the Centenary, 1804-1904. p. 194.
- Report of the general manager of railways (1910). 1906.
- Mescht, J (July 2003). Proceedings of the 22nd Southern African Transport Conference (SATC2003). ISBN 0-9584609-6-5. hdl:2263/6834.
- Narrow Gauge World & Modeling (49). January/February 2007. p. 1.
- "Avontuur Adventurer". geoffs-trains.com. Retrieved 2009-07-12.
- Rollison, Richard (1973-11-23). "Saga of the Apple Express". Evening Post. Retrieved 2011-12-26. a-b.
- Green, Lawrence. "Chapter Seven - Bay of lost cargoes". Harbours of Memory.