Avontuur Railway

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Avontuur Railway
Avontuur railway map
Avontuur railway map
0,0 Port Elizabeth 4 m
1,5 Humewood RoadActual terminal 21 m
4,4 Valley
Junction Walmer Branch (1906-1928)
7 Emerald Hill
Walmer (14th Avenue)
10 Bog Farm (Walmer Road)
14 Lorraine 150 m
17 Theescombe
N2 road crossing over line
22 ChelseaJunction EPPC Branch (1927-2001)
24 Greenbushes
27 Progress
30 St Albans
37 Geduldrivier
40 Witteklip
43 Van Stadens 249 m
44 Van Stadens Railway Bridge
47 Sunnyside 255 m
Bridge over N2
53 Thornhill 221 m
N2 road crossing over line
59 Summit 228 m
67 Kwaaibrand
72 LoerieLast station on the Apple Express 30 m
76 Melon
80 Gamtoos 7 m
Branch line to Patensie
81 Bridge over the Gamtoos River
83 Togo
85 Mondplaas 92 m
85 Bodker
N2 road crossing over line
Bridge over the Kabeljous River
90 Wagon Drift
92 Duplex
93 Kabeljousrivier 14 m
93 Hankey 22 m
100 Jeffreys Bay 100 m
104 Goonakop
104 The Burns
104 Patensie 55m
108 Drie Werve
113 Humansdorp 153 m
117 Kruisfontein
N2 road crossing over line
124 Kerkplaas 247 m
130 Billson
135 Howley 50 m
Bridge over the Dieprivier
R62 overpass
140 Salielaagte 204 m
146 Two Streams 280 m
153 Essenbos
161 Majoorskraal 189 m
164 AssegaaibosEnd of Regular operation 204 m
170 Melkhoutkraal
177 Jagersbos
183 Kammiebos
191 Kompanjiesdrif
201 Heights 533 m
209 Tweeriviere
214 Joubertina 544 m
215 Bridge over the Wabooms River
225 Krakeelrivier
232 LouterwaterLast station during Citrus Season 659 m
235
238 Bruinklip
243 Nuweplaas
251 Misgund
256 Gaviota
261 Ongelegen
269 Haarlem
273 Siesta
285 Avontuur 871 m

The Avontuur Railway is a closed railway line between Port Elizabeth and Avontuur in South Africa. It is the longest 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge route in the world at a length of 285 kilometres (177 mi).[1] "Avontuur" is the Afrikaans and Dutch word for "adventure".

History[edit]

SAR Class NG G13 No 80 plinthed at Joubertina
A Spoornet Class 91-000 on the Avontuur Railway near Humansdorp
The 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge rail bridge over the Kabeljous River outside Jeffreys Bay

The railway was built by the government of the Cape Colony between 1890 and 1906, to connect the Langkloof fruit growing industry with the new port at Port Elizabeth.[2] The section of line between Humewood Road and Humansdorp was opened for public traffic on 1 November 1905.[3]

In 1903 a request was laid before the then government in order to add a branch line to Patensie. This branch was commissioned on 3 April 1914.[4]

In 1906 a branch line was opened to the Port Elizabeth's suburb Walmer and in 1928 a twelve mile long private branch was constructed to the Eastern Province Cement Company (EPCC).[5]

Passenger traffic[edit]

Scheduled trains[edit]

Scheduled passenger trains were discontinued in the 1940s, although limited space was available on scheduled freight trains until the mid-1970s.[6]

Walmer Branch[edit]

From 1906 to 1928 a passenger only branch line, from Valley junction near Port Elisabeth, to the suburb of Walmer, serviced up to 22 trains a day between Port Elizabeth and the terminus at 14th Avenue in Walmer.[7] It was closed as a result from competition from a bus service.

Apple Express[edit]

The line was best known for its tourist train, the Apple Express, which commenced operations in 1965 to Loerie, later to Thornhill or Van Stadens River, the highest two foot narrow-gauge railway bridge in the world. The motive power for the Apple Express was retained as steam, normally a SAR NGG16 Class Garratt. The Apple Express ceased operations in 2011.

Freight traffic[edit]

Fruit and agriculture[edit]

The presence of the railway contributed significantly to the development of agriculture in the Lankloof and Gamtoos Valley, enabling farmers to transport their produce conveniently to the warehouses and harbour at Port Elizabeth.[8] Unfortunately, agricultural transport was lost due to competition from road haulage.[9]

Limestone[edit]

In the 1920s a limestone quarry was opened near Loerie to serve the Eastern Province Cement Company (EPCC) in New Brighton near Port Elizabeth via the EPCC owned private line branching off at Chelsea. The limestone traffic ceased in 2001 when the quarries were closed.[9]

Operations[edit]

The railway was operated by the South African national railway company Spoornet.

As the South African Government has deregulated the road transport industry, a large amount of traffic has moved from the railway to the roads. Spoornet has hence designated the line as "low density," and always had the threat of closure hanging over it.

After all major freight traffic ceased, only the tourist train Apple Express continued operations but finally ceased in 2011.

Motive power[edit]

Tender locomotives[edit]

The first locomotives entering service on the Langkloof line were the NG8 class from 1903 to 1931.

From 1915 to 1935 the NG6, from 1915 to 1939 the NG9 and from 1916 to 1948 the NG10.

The final and largest class to be employed on the Avontuur Railway were 21 NG15's from 1960 to the mid-1980s.

Tank locomotive[edit]

Class NG3 performed yard duties around Humewood Road Station in Port Elizabeth from 1939 to 1946

Garratt locomotives[edit]

The first Garratt locomotive to be introduced was the NGG11 class, soon to be followed with the NGG13 class in 1927, the latter setting the standard for motive power on the Avontuur railway for the next decades, to be followed with the NGG16 class, very similar to the NGG13.

The smaller Garratt classes NGG12 and NGG14 performed yard duties at Humewood Road railway station in Port Elizabeth until the 1950s.

Diesel locomotives[edit]

From 1973 the South African Class 91-000 General Electric diesels were introduced, the most powerful 2 foot gauge diesel in the world.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lewis, Charles; Pivnic, Les. "Soul of A Railway". System 3: Cape Midland, based in Port Elizabeth. 
  2. ^ Sellick, W.S.J. (1904). Uitenhage, past and present : souvenir of the Centenary, 1804-1904. p. 194. 
  3. ^ Report of the general manager of railways (1910). 1906. 
  4. ^ Mescht, J (July 2003). Proceedings of the 22nd Southern African Transport Conference (SATC2003). ISBN 0-9584609-6-5. hdl:2263/6834. 
  5. ^ Payling, David; Paxton, Leith (January–February 2007). Narrow Gauge World & Modeling (49). p. 1. 
  6. ^ "Avontuur Adventurer". geoffs-trains.com. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  7. ^ Rollison, Richard (1973-11-23). "Saga of the Apple Express". Evening Post. Retrieved 2011-12-26.  a-b.
  8. ^ Green, Lawrence. "Chapter Seven - Bay of lost cargoes". Harbours of Memory. 
  9. ^ a b http://www.apple-express.co.za/files/apple_express_history.pdf

External links[edit]