Avram Bunaciu

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Avram Bunaciu
Avram Bunaciu.jpg
Minister of Justice of Romania
In office
March 25, 1948 – September 23, 1949
Preceded by Ion Gheorghe Maurer
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania
In office
January 23, 1958 – March 20, 1961
President Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
Succeeded by Corneliu Mănescu
acting President of the State Council
In office
March 19, 1965 – March 24, 1965
Personal details
Born (1909-11-11)November 11, 1909
Transylvania, Romania
Died December 0, 1983(1983-12-00) (aged 73)

Avram Bunaciu (Romanian pronunciation: [aˈvram buˈnat͡ʃju]; November 11, 1909 - 1983) was a Romanian communist politician who served as the Minister of Justice, Minister of Foreign Affairs and was the acting President of the State Council of Romania.

Early life[edit]

Bunaciu was born in Transylvania. He was a communist intellectual during World War II and had several high ranking positions after the war, mostly within the Ministry of Justice.[1] Bunaciu was a lawyer by profession and close ally to Ion Gheorghe Maurer with whom he defended communists at pre-war trials and was also close to Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej who eventually became the President of Romania.[2] After the war, Bunaciu was the Chief Public Prosecutor at Cluj tribunal which was set up on June 22, 1945 to prosecute war criminals. There were two tribunals in the post-war Romania (one in Bucharest and one in Cluj) which were charged with trials of individuals involved in war crimes. Bunaciu was involved in prosecuting mainly crimes committed by Hungarian authorities and their collaborators in Northern Transylvania while the Bucharest tribunal mostly dealt with crimes perpetrated by Romanians under Marshal Antonescu.[3]

Political career[edit]

Bunaciu served as the Minister of Justice of Romania from March 25, 1948 until September 23, 1949.[4] In 1952, Bunaciu was appointed Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs when Ana Pauker was the minister.[2] At the time he also was the Chairman of the National Assembly for the Application of Constitution.[1] When Pauker was sacked by the communist leadership aided by Joseph Stalin, Bunaciu left the foreign service and became the rector of the Bucharest University in 1954.[2] On January 23, 1958 he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs.[5] On March 20, 1961, when he left the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he was elected the Vice President of the State Council.[2] From March 19 to March 24, 1965, before Nicolae Ceaușescu came to power, he was the acting President of State Council.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Balas, Egon (2000). Will to Freedom: A Perilous Journey Through Fascism and Communism. United States: Syracure University. p. 430. ISBN 0-8156-0603-6. Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d "SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN RUMANIAN GOVERNMENT RESHUFFLE". RL/RFE. 1965-08-28. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  3. ^ "TRIALS OF THE WAR CRIMINALS". Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  4. ^ "Rulers. Ministers of Justice". Archived from the original on 27 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  5. ^ Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich; Khrushchev, Sergeĭ; Shriver, George; Shenfield, Stephen (2007). Memoirs of Nikita Khrushchev: Statesman, 1953-1964. United States: Pennsylvania State University. p. 292. ISBN 978-0-271-02935-1. Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  6. ^ "President of the State Council". Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  7. ^ "Romania statesmen". Archived from the original on 4 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-19.