Avro 571 Buffalo

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Type 571 Buffalo
AvBuffalo.jpg
Role Torpedo Bomber
Manufacturer Avro
First flight 1926
Status Prototype
Number built 1

The Avro 571 Buffalo was a prototype British carrier-based torpedo bomber biplane, designed and built by Avro in the 1920s. It was not selected for service, the Blackburn Ripon being ordered instead.

Design and development[edit]

The Avro 571 Buffalo was designed by Avro as a private venture to meet the requirements of Air Ministry Specification 21/23, for a two-seat torpedo bomber and reconnaissance aircraft, intended to replace the Blackburn Dart. The prototype (G-EBNW) first flew at the Avro works at Hamble during 1926.[1] It was evaluated against the Blackburn Ripon and the Handley Page Harrow, but was found to have poor handling and was therefore rejected.[2]

The prototype was therefore rebuilt as the Avro 572 Buffalo II, with new, all-metal wings, fitted with controllable Handley Page slats and a more powerful engine. In this form, the Buffalo was much improved. By this time however, the Ripon had been declared the competition winner.[2]

Operational history[edit]

After it failed to be ordered into production, the Buffalo was converted into a seaplane in 1928 for the Air Ministry. As serial number N239, it was used for trials at the Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment at Felixstowe.

Variants[edit]

Avro 571 Buffalo I
Prototype powered by 450 hp (340 kW) Napier Lion Va engine.
Avro 572 Buffalo II
Rebuilt Buffalo I with new wing and powered by 530 hp (400 kW) Lion XIA.

Operators[edit]

 United Kingdom

Specifications (Buffalo II)[edit]

Data from Avro Aircraft since 1908. [3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 37 ft 3 in (11.35 m)
  • Wingspan: 46 ft 0 in (14.02 m)
  • Height: 14 ft 0 in (4.27 m)
  • Wing area: 684 ft2 (63.54 m2)
  • Empty weight: 4,233 lb (1,920 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 7,430 lb (3,370 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Napier Lion XIA 12-cylinder broad-arrow piston engine, 530 hp (395 kW)

Performance

Armament

Either

  • 1 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo

or

  • up to 3 × 520 lb (236 kg) bombs

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jackson 1990, p.229.
  2. ^ a b Mason 1994, p. 157.
  3. ^ Jackson 1990, pp. 231–232.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jackson, A.J. Avro Aircraft since 1908. London: Putnam Aeronautical Books 2nd edition, 1990. ISBN 0-85177-834-8.
  • Mason, Francis K. The British Bomber since 1914. London: Putnam Aeronautical Books, 1994. ISBN 0-85177-861-5.