Awake and Sing!

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Awake and Sing!
Awake and Sing! Playbill.jpg
Playbill title page, Belasco Theatre, 1935
Written by Clifford Odets
Date premiered February 19, 1935
Place premiered Belasco Theatre
New York City, New York, United States
Original language English
Subject A family struggles for survival amongst harsh conditions
Genre Drama
Setting The Bronx, 1933

Awake and Sing! is a drama written by American playwright Clifford Odets. The play was initially produced by The Group Theatre in 1935.

Summary and characters[edit]

The play is set in The Bronx borough of New York City, New York, in 1933; it concerns the impoverished Berger family and their conflicts as the parents scheme to manipulate their children's relationships to their own ends, while their children strive for their own dreams.


  • Myron Berger – the father of the family
  • Bessie Berger – his wife
  • Hennie Berger – their daughter, age 26
  • Ralph Berger – their son, age 22
  • Uncle Morty – Bessie's brother, a successful businessman
  • Jacob – father of Bessie and Morty; a Marxist; he lives with the Bergers
  • Moe Axelrod – a friend of the family who eventually boards with the Bergers
  • Sam Feinschreiber – an immigrant who courts Hennie
  • Schlosser – the janitor in the Bergers' apartment building


Federal Theater Project WPA Yiddish language production

The play premiered on Broadway at the Belasco Theatre on February 19, 1935, running for 184 performances before closing on July 27, 1935; it returned two months later on September 9 for an additional 24 performances through September 28, 1935. Directed by Harold Clurman, the cast starred Luther Adler (Moe Axelrod), Stella Adler (Bessie Berger), Morris Carnovsky (Jacob), John Garfield (Ralph Berger) and Sanford Meisner (Sam Feinschreiber).

It was revived in 1961 at the Teatro Oficina, São Paulo, Brasil.

It was revived off-Broadway in 1970, 1979, 1993 and 1995.[1] It was revived on Broadway in 1938, 1939, 1984 and 2006.

A television adaptation aired on PBS March 6, 1972.[2] It featured Walter Matthau[3] (Moe), Ruth Storey (Bessie), Felicia Farr (Hennie), Robert Lipton (Ralph), Leo Fuchs (Jacob), Milton Selzer (Myron), Martin Ritt (Uncle Morty), Ron Rifkin (Sam), and John Myhers (Schlosser).[2]

It was produced at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in Ashland, Oregon, in 1996.

It was last revived in a Lincoln Center Theater production on Broadway at the Belasco Theatre that won the Tony Award for Best Revival of a Play, opening on April 17, 2006, and closing on June 25, 2006 after 80 performances and 27 previews. Directed by Bartlett Sher, the cast featured Ben Gazzara (Jacob), Zoë Wanamaker (Bessie), Mark Ruffalo (Moe) and Lauren Ambrose (Hennie).[4][5] Gazzara and Ruffalo repeated their roles (with Sher directing) in a 2010 L.A. Theatre Works recording of the play that also starred Jane Kaczmarek.[6]

Following its American success, the play was staged in London at the Off West End Almeida Theatre, from August 31, 2007, through October 20, 2007. Directed by Michael Attenborough, the cast featured Stockard Channing as Bessie.[7]

The play opened in Toronto, Ontario, on June 6, 2009, for a two-month run at the Soulpepper Theatre Company. The National Asian American Theatre Company in New York ran of production of the play from August to September 2013.[8]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Tony Awards (2006)[edit]

  • Best Revival of a Play (win)
  • Best Costume Design of a Play (win)
  • Best Lighting Design of a Play (nomination)
  • Best Scenic Design of a Play (nomination)
  • Best Direction of a Play (nomination)
  • Featured Actress – Zoe Wanamaker (nomination)
  • Featured Actor – Mark Ruffalo (nomination) and Pablo Schreiber (nomination)

Drama Desk Awards (2006)[edit]

  • Outstanding Revival of a Play (win)
  • Outstanding Set Design of a Play (win)
  • Outstanding Ensemble Performance (win)
  • Outstanding Lighting Design (nomination)

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Odets, Clifford (1900s). Shtey uf un zing (in Yiddish). United States: O.fg. OCLC 83856392. 
  • Odets, Clifford (1935). Awake and Sing, A Play in Three Acts. New York City: Random House. OCLC 2128928. 

External links[edit]