|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2014)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Punjabi, Saraiki, Hindko, Pashto, Urdu|
Awan (Urdu: اعوان), is a tribe living predominantly in northern, central, and western parts of Pakistani Punjab, with significant numbers also residing in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Azad Kashmir and to a lesser extent in Sindh and Balochistan.
The Awan deserve close attention, because of their historical importance and, above all, because they settled in the west, right up to the edge of Baluchi and Pashtun territory. [Tribal] Legend has it that their origins go back to Imam Ali and his second wife, Hanafiya. Historians describe them as valiant warriors and farmers who imposed their supremacy on the Janjuas in part of the Salt Range, and established large colonies all along the Indus to Sind, and a densely populated centre not far from Lahore.
On a rural level, Awans historically were of the zamindar or landowning class and many Awan families to this day live on and cultivate land, which their ancestors have held for centuries. They often carry titles typical to Punjabis who own tracts of ancestral land.
- Sultan Bahu, 17th-century Sufi mystic, poet, and scholar
- Dilip Kumar (born Muhammad Yusuf Khan on 11 December 1922), popular Indian Hindi film actor and Indian politician. 
- Air Marshal Nur Khan, Commander in Chief of the Pakistan Air Force, 1965–69, Governor of West Pakistan, 1969–70, and recipient of the Hilal-i-Jurat, Pakistan’s second highest military award. A close relative of Malik Amir Mohammad Khan, Nawab of Kalabagh. [need quotation to verify]
- Malik Amir Mohammad Khan, Nawab of Kalabagh, Governor of West Pakistan, (1960–66)[need quotation to verify]
- Malik Meraj Khalid, Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan, Speaker of the National Assembly, Chief Minister of Punjab, Federal Minister for Food and Agriculture, and Rector of the International Islamic University Islamabad)[need quotation to verify]
- Major General Ameer Faisal Alavi, First General Officer Commanding of the elite Special Service Group of the Pakistan Army 
- Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad, eminent legal scholar of the Qur'an, Hadith, and the Hanafi school of Islamic law [need quotation to verify]
Air Marshal Nur Khan, Commander in Chief of the Pakistan Air Force, 1965–69, Governor of West Pakistan, 1969–70
- Jones, P.E., 2003, The Pakistan People's Party: Rise To Power, Oxford University Press, p.61.
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- Jaffrelot, Christophe (2004). A History of Pakistan and Its Origins (Reprinted ed.). Anthem Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-1-84331-149-2.
- Ahmed, S., 1977, Class and Power in a Punjabi Village, Monthly Review Press, p.p. 131-132.
- Ahsan, A., 1996, The Indus Saga and the Making of Pakistan, Oxford University Press, p.88.
- Sult̤ān Bāhū (1998). Death Before Dying: The Sufi Poems of Sultan Bahu. University of California Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-520-92046-0.
- "Peshawar’s contribution to subcontinent’s cinema highlighted". The News International. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- Khan,R., 1999, The American Papers: Secret and Confidential India-Pakistan-Bangladesh Documents, 1965–1973, Oxford University Press, p.265.
- Feldman, H., 1972, From Crisis to Crisis: Pakistan 1962-1969, Oxford University Press, p.57.
- "City: Awan community grieved over Malik's demise. - PPI - Pakistan Press International | HighBeam Research - FREE trial". Highbeam.com. 2003-06-13. Retrieved 2010-12-29.
- "My soldier brother who died for honour, by Nobel laureate V.S. Naipaul's wife". Daily Mail (London). 31 January 2009.
- Sarwar, S., 2002, Wadi Soon Sakesar: The Soon Valley, Al-Faisal Nashran, p.35, p.149, p.152, p.163, p.177.
- Tareekh e Alvi Awan by Mohabbat Husain Awan.
- , Tareekh Bab-Ul-Awan (A History of the Awan Tribe), Muhammad Noor-ud-Din Sulemani
- , Awan: A research article on the origin and history of the Awan tribe, Malik Sultan Mahmood
- , Zia-e-Soon: A journal of Government College Naushera, dedicated to the history of the Awan tribe