Award of Garden Merit
The Award of Garden Merit (AGM) is a mark of quality awarded, since 1922, to garden plants (including trees, vegetables and decorative plants) by the British Royal Horticultural Society (RHS). Awards are made annually after plant trials intended to judge the plants' performance under UK growing conditions. Trials may last for one or more years, depending on the type of plant being trialled, and may be performed at RHS Garden, Wisley, other RHS gardens or after observation of plants in specialist collections. Trial reports are made available as booklets and on the RHS website. Awards are reviewed annually in case plants have become unavailable horticulturally, or have been superseded by better cultivars.
Since 1989, France has had similar awards called the Mérites de Courson, but these are drawn from a limited number of plants submitted by nurserymen to juries at the twice-yearly Journées des Plantes de Courson and awards are based solely on the opinions of the jury members as to the plants' likely performance in French gardens, rather than on extensive trials.
The AGM was reviewed in 1992, to increase its usefulness and prestige. Field trial results gained weight in the assessments and existing AGM plants were reviewed in the light of more recent experience. The AGMs were to be reviewed at 10 year intervals from 1992, but this frequency has been increased to annually. The 2012/13 review, with advice from experts such as RHS plant committees, specialist societies, Plant Heritage National Collection holders and others, resulted in many changes. Nearly 1,900 plants lost their AGMs and more than 1,400 plants gained awards; the AGM list included 7,073 plants after the review.
Plants may be removed for several reasons, including unavailability to gardeners, better plants becoming available, afflicted by pests or diseases or insufficient uniformity. Plants are added because they are very good garden plants and meet the criteria.
To qualify for an AGM, a plant
- must be available horticulturally
- must be of outstanding excellence for garden decoration or use
- must be of good constitution
- must not require highly specialist growing conditions or care
- must not be particularly susceptible to any pest or disease
- must not be subject to an unreasonable degree of reversion.
- H1 Requires a heated glasshouse
- H1a Warmer than 15C/59F: tropical plants for indoors and heated greenhouses
- H1b 10C/50F to 15C/59F: subtropical plants for indoors and heated greenhouses
- H1c 5C/41F to 10C/50F: warm temperate plants that can go outdoors in summer
- H2 1C/34F to 5C/41F: plants that need a frost-free greenhouse in winter
- H3 -5C/23F to 1C/34F: hardy outside in some regions or situations, or which - while usually grown outside in summer - need frost protection in winter (e.g. dahlias)
- H4 -10C/14F to -5C/23F: plants hardy outside in most of the UK in an average winter
- H5 -15C/5F to -10C/14F: plants hardy outside in most of the UK in severe winters
- H6 -20C/-4F to -15C/5F: plants hardy outside in the UK and northern Europe
- H7 Colder than -20C/-4F: plants hardy outside in the severest European climates
- List of Award of Garden Merit flowering cherries
- List of Award of Garden Merit magnolias
- List of Award of Garden Merit roses
- List of Award of Garden Merit sweet peas
- Rice, Graham (20 Mar 2013). "RHS overhauls its plant awards system". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- RHS Plant Finder 2005–2006, Dorling Kindersley (2005) ISBN 1-4053-0736-6