Awayan

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Awayan is a village near Belthra Road Railway Station in Ballia District, in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
District Ballia,U.P, India (Formerly in District of Azam Garh UP)

History DeletedTauqirs 07:49, 9 July 2012 (UTC)

References[edit]

—Tauqirs 20:05, 14 November 2012

History of Awayan[edit]

It was during the reign of Firuz Shah Tughlaq in Delhi that our ancestor at Anwayan (Mooris-e-Ala) Sheikh Bahauddin, a descendant of Hazrat Abu Ayub Ansari, was awarded an estate (Ta'alluqa) consisting of 52 villages by royal decree in the 14th century AD and he settled down there. It is stated that one Raja Bhimal of Majhauli estate (District Deoria UP) refused to pay the customary annual loyalty/ protection money to the throne which signified a sort of revolt. He was accordingly apprehended and brought to Delhi. On his pardon and release a contingent of royal troops under the command of Sheikh Bahauddin was sent with him to install him back and keep a watch. Sheikh Bahauddin was accompanied by his wife and his younger brother Sheikh Nizamuddin. While there in Majhauli they often used to cross over to the other side of the river Ghagra for hunting, which was ruled by another Raja Rajbar with his capital at Chohangarh. The Raja kidnapped the daughter of his Diwan (Chief Advisor). Help was sought from Sheikh Bahauddin and, in the ensuing battle, the Raja was defeated and killed and the girl restored to her family. The Raja's estate of 52 villages was also confiscated and awarded to Sheikh Bahauddin, half of which he gave to his younger brother. The descendants of these two brothers are now settled in these villages with the family name of Ansaris. The Siddiqui's branch of Anwayan originally came from Siddiquis of Harihans Dist. Sewan, Bihar when Sheikh Tabarak Hussain married the only daughter of Sheikh Chiragh Ali of Anwayan and settled down there. She had full or partial share in about eight villages around. Sheikh Tabarak Hussain was a great organizer and administrator. He reorganized the cultivation policy and revenue system, attracted craftsmen, service providers and farm labor to settle on the land to make it a self contained village. He got the land registered as "Waqw-al-Awlad" which meant joint ownership by the family to protect against bifurcation and individual sale etc. He reserved a portion of the land as "Waqf" for the village Mosque, Eidgah, Grave Yard and also gave away land for the village primary school and for a middle school in the market place. He organized a quick justice system for his tenants and the hall reserved for this purpose is still called "Kutchehri". He died in 1899 at the age of 63 and his second son Shahid Hussain took over the affairs with formal "Dastar-Bandi" Ceremony in accordance with family traditions. The Family of Anwayan got an early start in western education by sending (Barrister) Mohammad Sami for his bar-at-law to England as early as in 1910. He returned in 1914 (on completion of his studies just before the beginning of the 1st World War) with an English wife. He had hardly settled down in his professional practice in Banaras when he died in 1918. He had three sisters, the eldest was married to Sheikh Shahid Hussain, the next to Sheikh Abid Hussain and the youngest one to Sheikh Nizamuddin of Hari Hans. Barrister Sami's widow along with her children shifted to Anwayan and then went back to England with them. Nothing is known about the family now specially after 1935. This was all a great set back to the family. The family was steered back to western education with the initiative of Sheikh Abid Hussain, when he sent Nasir Hussain Siddiqui to Muslim university of Aligarh in 1934. With the present disposition the family now is dispersed over many continents/countries like Australia.
GM Siddiqui

Tauqirs 09:59, 9 December 2012 (UTC)