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Borama skyline.
Borama skyline.
Location in Somalia.
Location in Somalia.
Coordinates: 10°48′3″N 43°21′7″E / 10.80083°N 43.35194°E / 10.80083; 43.35194Coordinates: 10°48′3″N 43°21′7″E / 10.80083°N 43.35194°E / 10.80083; 43.35194
Country  Somalia
Capital Borama
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Awdal (Somali: Awdal أودال, Arabic: عدل‎) is a region (gobol) in northwestern Somalia.[1] Its capital is Borama.

Awdal is bordered by Ethiopia, Djibouti, the Somalian region of Woqooyi Galbeed, and the Gulf of Aden. The westernmost point of the province is Beyu Anod, a peak of the Marmar Range.[2]

Control of the region is disputed between Awdalland, a proposed autonomous state, and Somaliland, a self-declared independent republic that is internationally recognized as an autonomous region of Somalia.


Awdal (أودال) takes its name from the medieval Adal Sultanate (عَدَال), which was originally centered in Zeila.[3] The area along the Ethiopian border is abundant with ruined cities, which were described by the British explorer Richard F. Burton.[4]

A modern separatist movement, known as the Awdal Republic,[5] sought independence in 1995 after the establishment of Somaliland. A Dir-dominated movement in Awdal province also threatens to form its own administration if the secessionist Somaliland region's self-declared independence is officially recognized.[6]


Awdal is primarily inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Gadabuursi especially well represented.[7][8][9]


The Awdal region consists of four districts:[10]

Major towns[edit]


  1. ^ "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  2. ^ E. H. M. Clifford, "The British Somaliland-Ethiopia Boundary", Geographical Journal, Vol. 87, No. 4 (Apr., 1936), p. 296
  3. ^ Lewis, I. M. (1999). A Pastoral Democracy: A Study of Pastoralism and Politics Among the Northern Somali of the Horn of Africa. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 15. ISBN 3825830845. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  4. ^ Richard Burton, First Footsteps in East Africa, 1856; edited with an introduction and additional chapters by Gordon Waterfield (New York: Praeger, 1966), p. 132. For a more recent description, see A. T. Curle, "The Ruined cities of Somaliland", Antiquity, 11 (1937), pp. 315-327
  5. ^ "Awdal "Republic": Declaration of Independence, [Somalia]". University of Pennsylvania - African Studies Center. Archived from the original on 14 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  6. ^ "Somaliland: The Myth of Clan-Based Statehood". Somalia Watch. 2002-12-07. Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  7. ^ Samatar, Abdi I. (2001) "Somali Reconstruction and Local Initiative: Amoud University," Bildhaan: An International Journal of Somali Studies: Vol. 1, Article 9, p. 132.
  8. ^ Battera, Federico (2005). "Chapter 9: The Collapse of the State and the Resurgence of Customary Law in Northern Somalia". Shattering Tradition: Custom, Law and the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean. Walter Dostal, Wolfgang Kraus (ed.). London: I.B. Taurus. p. 296. ISBN 1-85043-634-7. Retrieved 2010-03-18. Awdal is mainly inhabited by the Gadabuursi confederation of clans. The Gadaabursi are concentrated in Awdal.... 
  9. ^ Renders, Marleen; Terlinden, Ulf. "Chapter 9: Negotiating Statehood in a Hybrid Political Order: The Case of Somaliland". In Tobias Hagmann, Didier Péclard. Negotiating Statehood: Dynamics of Power and Domination in Africa. p. 191. Retrieved 2012-01-21. 
  10. ^ "Awdal Region" (PDF). Retrieved 30 January 2014. 

External links[edit]

  • Administrative maps of Awdal region and its official districts: here and here