|Anthem: Soomaaliyeey toosoo|
|Autonomy Federal Republic of Somalia|
2,364 sq mi
|Currency||Somali shilling (
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+3)|
|Calling code||+252 (Somalia)|
|Internet TLD||.so (Somalia)|
|Rankings may not be available because of Awdalland's unrecognized de facto state.|
Awdalland (Somali: Awdalland Arabic: أرض أودال) is a region in northwestern Somalia. Centered on Borama, the capital of the Awdal province, its leaders declared the territory an autonomous state in 2009.
Awdalland (also spelled "Adal[land]" or "Adel[land]") takes its name from the Adal Sultanate, a medieval empire which rose to power during the 16th century. The area along the Ethiopian border is abundant with ruined cities, which were described by the British explorer Richard F. Burton.
In 1995, after the collapse of the Somalian central government, a local separatist movement known as the Awdalland Republic briefly sought independence.
In 2009, the formation of a new autonomous region within a federal Somalia was officially declared. Referred to as Awdalland or the Adal State, the local administration does not recognize the secessionist Somaliland government's claim to sovereignty or to its territory.
- Richard Burton, First Footsteps in East Africa, 1856; edited with an introduction and additional chapters by Gordon Waterfield (New York: Praeger, 1966), p. 132. For a more recent description, see A. T. Curle, "The Ruined cities of Somaliland", Antiquity, 11 (1937), pp. 315-327
- "Awdal "Republic": Declaration of Independence, [Somalia]". University of Pennsylvania - African Studies Center. Archived from the original on 14 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-29.
- "The Declaration of Adal State". SayliciPress. 8 September 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- "Awdalland Deserves Recognition – New Song (Daawo)". SSC Times. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Battera, Federico (2005). "Chapter 9: The Collapse of the State and the Resurgence of Customary Law in Northern Somalia". Shattering Tradition: Custom, Law and the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean. Walter Dostal, Wolfgang Kraus (ed.). London: I.B. Taurus. p. 296. ISBN 1-85043-634-7. Retrieved 2010-03-18. "Awdal is mainly inhabited by the Gadabuursi confederation of clans. The Gadaabursi are concentrated in Awdal...."
- Northeast African Studies, Volume 9. Michigan State University. 1987. p. 35. "…the new 'Awdal' region almost entirely inhabited by Samaroon and Issa."
- SSC TIMES - Real Voice of Sool Sanaag Cayn - Awdalland
- The Emergence of Awdalland a Vital Reality Check for Secessionist One-Clan-Somaliland
- Somaliland is not ours any more. Awdalland is our own. A reply to Mudane Mo
- (Somali) Heestii Calanka Awdalland
- Doorashadii Madaxweynaha