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أرض أودال
Anthem: Soomaaliyeey toosoo
Capital Borama
9°55′N 43°10′E / 9.917°N 43.167°E / 9.917; 43.167
Official languages
 -  President Mahdi Isaaq
Autonomy Federal Republic of Somalia
 -  Proclaimed 2009 
 -  Recognition unrecognized 
 -  Total 6,122 km2
2,364 sq mi
Currency Somali shilling (SOS)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Calling code +252 (Somalia)
Internet TLD .so (Somalia)
Rankings may not be available because of Awdalland's unrecognized de facto state.

Awdalland (Somali: Awdalland Arabic: أرض أودال‎) is a region in northwestern Somalia. Centered on Borama, the capital of the Awdal province, its leaders declared the territory an autonomous state in 2009.


Main article: Adal Sultanate
Borama skyline.

Awdalland (also spelled "Adal[land]" or "Adel[land]") takes its name from the Adal Sultanate, a medieval empire which rose to power during the 16th century. The area along the Ethiopian border is abundant with ruined cities, which were described by the British explorer Richard F. Burton.[1]

In 1995, after the collapse of the Somalian central government, a local separatist movement known as the Awdalland Republic briefly sought independence.[2]

In 2009, the formation of a new autonomous region within a federal Somalia was officially declared. Referred to as Awdalland or the Adal State, the local administration does not recognize the secessionist Somaliland government's claim to sovereignty or to its territory.[3][4]


The Awdal region of Awdalland is primarily inhabited by Somalis from the Gadabuursi and Issa clans.[5][6]


  1. ^ Richard Burton, First Footsteps in East Africa, 1856; edited with an introduction and additional chapters by Gordon Waterfield (New York: Praeger, 1966), p. 132. For a more recent description, see A. T. Curle, "The Ruined cities of Somaliland", Antiquity, 11 (1937), pp. 315-327
  2. ^ "Awdal "Republic": Declaration of Independence, [Somalia]". University of Pennsylvania - African Studies Center. Archived from the original on 14 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  3. ^ "The Declaration of Adal State". Lughaya. 8 September 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Awdalland Deserves Recognition – New Song (Daawo)". SSC Times. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Battera, Federico (2005). "Chapter 9: The Collapse of the State and the Resurgence of Customary Law in Northern Somalia". Shattering Tradition: Custom, Law and the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean. Walter Dostal, Wolfgang Kraus (ed.). London: I.B. Taurus. p. 296. ISBN 1-85043-634-7. Retrieved 2010-03-18. Awdal is mainly inhabited by the Gadabuursi confederation of clans. The Gadaabursi are concentrated in Awdal.... 
  6. ^ Northeast African Studies, Volume 9. Michigan State University. 1987. p. 35. …the new 'Awdal' region almost entirely inhabited by Samaroon and Issa. 

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