Axel Olof Freudenthal
He was born in Siuntio, and studied at the University of Helsinki where the nationalistic movement struggle between the Fennomans and the Svecomans was raging. He iniated the Swedish nationality movement in Finland and fought for the cultural integrity of Finland's Swedish-speaking population against the nationalist desires for complete finnization of Finland.
Freudenthal was appointed a docent in 1866 in Old Norse language and wrote his doctoral thesis on the dialect of Närpes in 1878. He was a Professor of Swedish language and literature between 1878-1904. He died in Helsinki. His life's work was documented by Arvid Mörne in the book Axel Olof Freudenthal och den finlandssvenska nationalitetstanken (1927).
The Swedish People's Party issues a decoration named after him, the Axel Olof Freudenthal Medal. Many Silver and Bronze medals have been given to individuals since 1937, but only one Gold medal has been issued - to Elisabeth Rehn in 1994.. However, the party has not issued the medal since 2007 due to criticism of Freudenthal's racial views.
- Conflict and Compromise in Multilingual Societies: Finland, Kenneth Douglas McRae, page 38