Axel von Blomberg
Major Axel von Blomberg was part of a German military mission to Iraq which had the cover name "Special Staff F" (Sonderstab F). Sonderstab F was commanded by General (General der Flieger) Hellmuth Felmy and von Blomberg had the task of heading up a Brandenburgers reconnaissance group that was to precede "Flyer Command Iraq" (Fliegerführer Irak). He was also given the task of integrating Fliegerführer Irak with Iraqi forces in operations against the British. As part of the latter, he was to raise a German-led Arab Brigade (Arabische Brigade) in Iraq from the thousands of volunteers available from Iraq, from Syria, from Palestine, from Saudi Arabia, and from throughout the Arab world. Before von Blomberg could accomplish any of his tasks, he was killed.
On 15 May 1941, von Blomberg was sent to Baghdad to make arrangements for a council of war with the Iraqi government. The council was planned for 17 May. However, von Blomberg was killed by friendly fire from Iraqi positions. His Heinkel 111 bomber was shot at from the ground as it flew low on approach and von Blomberg was found to be dead upon landing.[nb 1]
- Lyman indicates von Blomberg was shot down by Iraqi troops while Kurowski indicates that he was shot when Arab tribesmen shot into the air and was found to be dead upon landing
- Kurowski, p. 131
- Lyman, p. 63
- Churchill, Winston (1985) . "Chapter 14: The Revolt in Iraq". The Second World War, Volume III, The Grand Alliance. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-395-41057-6.
- Lyman, Robert (2006). Iraq 1941: The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad. Campaign. Oxford, New York: Osprey Publishing. p. 96. ISBN 1-84176-991-6.
- Kurowski, Franz (2005). The Brandenburger Commandos: Germany's Elite Warrior Spies in World War II. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Book. ISBN 978-0-8117-3250-5.