Ayacucho Region

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This article is about the Ayacucho Region. For its capital city, see Ayacucho.
Ayacucho Region
Region
The Andes in the Ayacucho Region
The Andes in the Ayacucho Region
Official seal of Ayacucho Region
Seal
Location of the Ayacucho region in Peru
Location of the Ayacucho region in Peru
Country Peru
Subdivisions 11 provinces and 111 districts
Largest city Ayacucho
Capital Ayacucho
Government
 • President Omar Quesada Martínez
Area
 • Total 43,814.8 km2 (16,917.0 sq mi)
Elevation(Capital) 2,746 m (9,009 ft)
Highest elevation 3,645 m (11,959 ft)
Lowest elevation 1,800 m (5,900 ft)
Population (2005 Census)
 • Total 619,522
 • Density 14/km2 (37/sq mi)
UBIGEO 05
Dialing code 066
ISO 3166 code PE-AYA
Principal resources Potatoes, wheat, olluco, barley, sheep and handicrafts.
Poverty rate 72.5%
Percentage of Peru's GDP 0.65%
Website www.regionayacucho.gob.pe

Ayacucho is a region of Peru, located in the south-central Andes of the country. Its capital is the city of Ayacucho. The region was one of the hardest hit by terrorism during the 1980s during the guerrilla war waged by Shining Path known as the internal conflict in Peru.

A referendum was held on October 30, 2005 to decide whether the region would merge with the regions of Ica and Huancavelica to form the new Ica-Ayacucho-Huancavelica Region, as part of the decentralization process in Peru. The bill failed and Ayacucho remained an independent region.

Political division[edit]

Map of the Ayacucho region showing its provinces

The region is divided into 11 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 111 districts (distritos, singular: distrito).

Provinces[edit]

The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:

  1. Cangallo (Cangallo)
  2. Huamanga (Ayacucho)
  3. Huanca Sancos (Huanca Sancos)
  4. Huanta (Huanta)
  5. La Mar (San Miguel)
  6. Lucanas (Puquio)
  7. Parinacochas (Coracora)
  8. Paucar del Sara Sara (Pausa)
  9. Sucre (Querobamba)
  10. Víctor Fajardo (Huancapi)
  11. Vilcas Huamán (Vilcas Huamán)

The People[edit]

Languages[edit]

According to the 2007 Peru Census, the language learnt first by most of the residents was Quechua (63.05%) followed by Spanish (36.57%). The following table shows the results concerning the language learnt first in the Ayacucho Region by province:[1]


Province Quechua Aymara Asháninka Another native language Spanish Foreign language Deaf or mute Total
Cangallo 29,356 24 4 11 3,132 3 37 32,567
Huamanga 104,644 223 42 118 102,452 72 218 207,769
Huanca Sancos 8,017 29 1 - 1,858 - 18 9,923
Huanta 58,333 89 92 40 28,184 5 105 86,848
La Mar 64,815 64 127 58 12,950 1 111 78,126
Lucanas 26,153 152 7 49 35,282 10 78 61,731
Parinacochas 15,491 68 - 30 12,576 2 29 28,196
Paucar del Sara Sara 5,223 19 1 15 5,140 - 16 10,414
Sucre 9,059 25 - - 2,749 - 13 11,846
Víctor Fajardo 20,647 37 2 9 3,213 - 38 23,946
Vilcas Huaman 19,884 14 2 11 2,232 1 44 22,188
Total 361,622 744 278 341 209,768 94 707 573,554
% 63.05 0.13 0.05 0.06 36.57 0.02 0.12 100.00

Gallery[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ inei.gob.pe INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°09′47″S 74°13′28″W / 13.16306°S 74.22444°W / -13.16306; -74.22444