Ayako and Eitaro Ishigaki in 1927
|Native name||石垣 綾子|
|Spouse(s)||Eitaro Ishigaki (married 1931–1958)|
Ayako Ishigaki (石垣 綾子 Ishigaki Ayako?, 1903 – 1996) was an issei journalist. Ayako was born in Tokyo, Japan in 1903. Her father was university professor. She was imprisoned for being involved with the Farmer-Labor Party.
She moved to the United States in 1926. She became friends with writers Pearl S. Buck, Helen Kuo, and Agnes Smedley and artist Yasuo Kuniyoshi. She fell in love with artist Eitaro Ishigaki, and married him in 1931 after he had divorced his previous wife.
She wrote articles for Japanese-language newspapers where she publicly spoke out against the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, and for the boycott of Japanese goods. During WWII, she was recruited by the Japan desk of the Office of War Information as a translator, and writer. She attended meetings of the Japanese American Committee for Democracy, and officially endorsed the JACD's Rally for Victory in the Far East in December 1944.
Following the end of the war, Ayako planned to Japan to help build its democracy, but then attempted to secure permanent residence in America. However, her husband was deported from America due to his left wing activities and his friendship with Agnes Smedley in 1951. She joined him back in Japan. While in Japan, Ishigaki became a critic and interpreter of America, and for her feminist writings. When her husband died in 1958, she also dedicated her effort to building a museum of his artwork.
- Encyclopedia of Asian-American Literature By Seiwoong Oh Ishigaki Ayako Tanaka Page 128
- Restless Wave: My Life in Two Worlds, a MemoirBy Ayako Ishigaki Detention Cell 176 - 178
- "Ayako Ishigaki : Voices From the Gaps : University of Minnesota". Voices.cla.umn.edu. 2012-12-03. Retrieved 2014-02-12.
- The Cultural Front: The Labouring of American Culture in the Twentieth Century By Michael Denning page 145
- Restless Wave: My Life in Two Worlds, a MemoirBy Ayako Ishigaki Page 266 - 267
- Encyclopedia of Asian-American Literature By Seiwoong Oh Ishigaki Ayako Tanaka (Haru Matsui) Page 129