Ayame (train)

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Ayame
JRE seriesE257 type500 LimitedExpressAyame.jpg
E257-500 series on an Ayame service, June 2012
Overview
Service type Limited express
Locale Kanto region, Japan
First service 10 March 1975
Current operator(s) JR East
Former operator(s) JNR
Route
Start Tokyo
End Chōshi
Service frequency 2 return workings daily
Line used Sobu Main Line, Narita Line
Technical
Rolling stock E257-500 series EMUs
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead
Operating speed 130 km/h (80 mph)[1]

The Ayame (あやめ?) is a limited express train operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), which runs from Tokyo to Kashima-Jingu and Chōshi via Sawara.[2]

Service pattern[edit]

As of March 2013, there are two return Ayame workings daily: one return working between Tokyo and Kashima-Jingu, and one between Tokyo and Chōshi. The services operate as all-stations "Local" services between Sawara and Kashima-Jingu or Chōshi.[2]

Rolling stock[edit]

Rolling stock used in the past[edit]

183 series EMU on an Ayame service in 2005

History[edit]

The Ayame service was first introduced on 10 March 1975,[3] initially as four return workings daily between Tokyo and Kashima-Jingu.[4]

The late 1980s saw increased competition from long-distance bus services between Tokyo and Kashima, and from the July 1993 timetable revision, the number of Ayame services was reduced to three return workings daily.[4] In December 1994, services were further cut back, with just one up service in the morning and one down service in the evening.[4] From the October 2004 timetable revision, the complementary Suigō limited express (Shinjuku to Chōshi via Narita Line) and Hometown Narita services were discontinued and the number of Ayame services was correspondingly increased to four up and two down services daily.[4] From the start of the revised timetable on 10 December 2005, Ayame services were made entirely no-smoking.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル [JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. p. 64. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6. 
  2. ^ a b JR時刻表 [JR Timetable]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. March 2013. pp. 110–111. 
  3. ^ 列車名鑑1995 [Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995. 
  4. ^ a b c d JR特急列車年鑑2013 [Limited Express Annual 2013]. Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. 20 December 2012. p. 166. ISBN 978-4-86320-654-0. 
  5. ^ JR East press release: "2005年12月ダイヤ改正について" (30 September 2005). Retrieved on 3 September. (Japanese)

External links[edit]